Shakespeare's Patron - Queen Elizabeth
Many critics have seen the relationship as an uneasy one, pointing to the What sort of friends were they, Jonson and Shakespeare? . “all his estate under Queen Mary,” and, “having been cast in prison and forfeited, at last turned minister. Aug 25, Significant Others: On the Comparison of Shakespeare and Jonson in relation to prior work comparing Shakespeare and Jonson and in the light of indicated – if not spurred – by Anne Barton's Ben Jonson: Dramatist, which . Shakespeare, the Queen's Men, and the Elizabethan Performance of History. Jun 30, Playwrights like Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, and Edmund Spenser were returns to share stories about these relationships and discusses the fluid a bit of Virgil's Aeneid on stage in a play called Dido, Queen of Carthage.
Addressing the King on the newly named child Princess Elizabeth, he utters a most laudatory prophecy — "Let me speak, sir, For heaven now bids me; and the words I utter Let none think flattery, for they'll find 'em truth.
This royal infant — heaven still move about her — Though in her cradle, yet now promises Upon this land a thousand thousand blessings, Which time shall bring to ripeness: Saba was never More covetous of wisdom and fair virtue Than this pure soul shall be: She shall be lov'd and fear'd; her own shall bless her: In her days every man shall eat in safety, Under his own vine, what he plants; and sing The merry songs of peace to all his neighbours: God shall be truly known; and those about her From her shall read the perfect ways of honour.
And by those claim their greatness, not by blood. Nor shall this peace sleep wnth her: Would I had known no more! O lord archbishop, Thou hast made me now a man!
That when I am in heaven I shall desire To see what this child does, and praise my Maker. A later writer speaks in her praise for her patronage of the drama and for her regard for the actor's art: Neither did she hold it any derogation to that royal and princely Majesty which she then in her royal person presented, to give some countenance to their endeavours, whereby they might be the better encouraged in their action.
On a less political note, Jonson was engaged in the "War of the Theatres", or "Poetomachia" between andin which Ben Jonson battled John Marston and Thomas Dekker by satirizing one another in their plays and poetry. In the early to mid 17th century Jonson really hit his stride, writing such classic plays as VolponeThe AlchemistBartholomew Fairand The Devil is an Ass Even when he didn't cast thinly veiled aspersions on political figures, Jonson specialised in depicting witty banter, confidence tricksters, and devils in disguise of all sorts.
Courting the Court Jonson was a man who liked his luxuries.
Having been raised in poverty, he appreciated good food and creature comforts. He was a portly man apt to praise the finer things in his countless poems, and sought recognition from the court of King James I. He wrote more than twenty masques for the court, including The Masque of Blackness, in which Queen Anne herself performed. In Jonson was named England's first ever Poet Laureate. He was the first playwright to ensure his own works were published as a formal folio, treating his plays as works of literary note rather than as frivolous stage plays.
The folio divided his works into plays, poetry, masques, and entertainments. He was also great friends with Ben Jonson, who reputedly used Beaumont as a sounding board when authoring his own plays.Shakespeare The True Story
Beaumont is now generally credited as sole author on the comedy The Knight of the Burning Pestle. There are 50 plays historically ascribed to Beaumont and Fletcher, but only 13 exist today that show definite signs of their collaboration.
Dekker was a profuse writer that began his career in the s.
Ben Jonson: Renaissance Playwright, Renaissance Man | Great Writers Inspire
Like many of the era's playwrights, he was commissioned to write at least 40 plays for Philip Henslowe; Dekker personally claimed to have had a hand in plays. Most of his work, however is lost, and only 20 of his plays are known to have been published in his lifetime.
Despite his voluminous output, Dekker was consistently in debt throughout his career.
His best known work is a comedy, The Shoemaker's Holiday. In fact, Fletcher basically took over as principal dramatist for the King's Men upon Shakespeare's retirement. Although only nine of his works were published during his lifetime, Fletcher is considered among the most prolific and influential dramatists of his day.
The majority of his work was collaborative; as sole author, he is best known for The Faithful Shepherdess and Valentinian. We know little to nothing of Heywood's life other than he was most likely born in Lincolnshire and he graduated from Cambridge.
He claimed to have written some plays, most of which are lost; his surviving canon consists of 23 plays and eight masques. He is chiefly remembered for the play A Woman Killed with Kindness, a tragicomedy notable for its treatment of marital infidelity.
He's acknowledged as the first unofficial poet laureate of England during the reign of James I, and his literary circle at the Mermaid Tavern included some of the foremost writers of his day. Jonson could also be prickly, as evidenced by his stinging satires of other London playwrights.
His reputation rivaled Shakespeare's until the eighteenth century, at which point his works became eclipsed by the Bard.