Chickenpox and shingles fact sheet - Fact sheets
Chickenpox and shingles are contagious diseases that must be notified within 5 days of diagnosis, Back to Disease information and advice. Barbara Walters' co-hosts on The View informed viewers that Walters has been hospitalized with the chicken pox. She's 83, and the infection. Find out all you need know about chickenpox, including what the symptoms are, how to treat it and when to get medical advice. You can catch chickenpox from someone with shingles if you haven't had chickenpox before. When you get.
The blisters may burst. They might spread or stay in a small area. The spots scab over. More blisters might appear while others scab over.
Other symptoms You might get symptoms before or after the spots, including: Chickenpox is usually much worse in adults.
It's possible to get chickenpox more than once, although it's unusual.What is chickenpox, and what is shingles?
If you're not sure it's chickenpox Things you can do yourself Important You'll need to stay away from school, nursery or work until all the spots have crusted over. This is usually 5 days after the spots first appeared.
Do drink plenty of fluid try ice lollies if your child isn't drinking to avoid dehydration take paracetamol to help with pain and discomfort put socks on your child's hands at night to stop scratching cut your child's nails use cooling creams or gels from your pharmacy speak to your pharmacist about using antihistamine medicine to help itching bathe in cool water and pat the skin dry don't rub dress in loose clothes check with your airline if you're going on holiday — many airlines won't allow you to fly with chickenpox Don't do not use ibuprofen unless advised to do so by your doctor, as it may cause serious skin infections do not give aspirin to children under 16 do not be around pregnant women, newborn babies and people with a weakened immune system, as it can be dangerous for them Speak to a GP if: They may recommend a special appointment time if other patients are at risk.
Infection in pregnancy can cause foetal malformations, skin scarring, and other problems in the baby. Before routine vaccination began in Novemberchickenpox was a very common illness. The incidence of chickenpox appears to have decreased as more people receive the vaccine.
Chickenpox and shingles - including symptoms, treatment and prevention
What are the symptoms Chickenpox begins with a sudden onset of slight fever, runny nose, feeling generally unwell and a skin rash. The rash usually begins as small lumps that turn into blisters and then scabs. The rash appears over three to four days. At any one time, the lesions of the rash vary in stages of development. Symptoms usually occur two weeks after exposure to the virus.
Most people recover without complications, but sometimes the infection can lead to serious complications, such as pneumonia and inflammation of the brain. Rarely, the infection can be fatal. Persons who are previously vaccinated can still get chickenpox. If chickenpox occurs in a vaccinated person it is usually mild and less contagious than in an unvaccinated person. How is it spread? Early in the illness, the virus is spread by coughing. Later in the illness, the virus is spread by direct contact with the fluid in the blisters.
The infection is highly contagious to people who have never had chickenpox or who have not been vaccinated. If they're exposed to chickenpox, they might be given a medicine zoster immune globulin to reduce its severity.
Can Chickenpox Be Prevented? Doctors recommend that kids get the chickenpox vaccine as: Few people who've been vaccinated actually develop chickenpox, and those who do tend to have very mild cases and recover quickly. Healthy kids who have had chickenpox do not need the vaccine — they usually have lifelong protection against the illness.
If a pregnant woman has had chickenpox before the pregnancy, the baby will be protected from infection for the first few months of life, since the mother's immunity is passed on to the baby through the placenta and breast milk.
Chickenpox and shingles - including symptoms, treatment and prevention :: SA Health
How Is Chickenpox Diagnosed? Doctors usually can diagnose chickenpox by looking at the telltale rash at either an in-office visit or a telemedicine visit.
Call your doctor if you think your child has chickenpox. The doctor can guide you in watching for complications and in choosing medicine to ease itching. If you do take your child to the doctor, let the office know in advance that your child might have chickenpox. It's important not to expose other kids in the office — for some of them, a chickenpox infection could cause severe complications.
- 5 Things You Should Know About Chicken Pox and Shingles
- Chickenpox and shingles (varicella / herpes zoster)
How Is Chickenpox Treated? A virus causes chickenpox, so antibiotics can't treat it. But sometimes antibiotics are needed if bacteria infect the sores.
Chickenpox (for Parents)
This is common in kids because they scratch and pick at the blisters. An antiviral medicine might be prescribed for people with chickenpox who are at risk for complications.
The decision to use this will depend on a child's age and health, the extent of the infection, and the timing of the treatment. Your doctor can tell you if the medicine is right for your child. To help relieve the itchiness, fever, and discomfort of chickenpox: Use cool wet compresses or give baths in cool or lukewarm water every 3 to 4 hours for the first few days.
Oatmeal bath products, available at supermarkets and drugstores, can help to relieve itching.
Baths do not spread the rash.