Cronus & Rhea - GREEK MYTHOLOGY
Greeks of the Classical age knew of several poems about the war between the gods. . Leto copulated with Zeus (the son of fellow Titans Cronus and Rhea) and . their possession of Mnemosyne and their special relationship with the Muses. In Greek mythology, Cronus, Cronos, or Kronos was the leader and youngest of the first According to Plato, however, the deities Phorcys, Cronus, and Rhea were the eldest . In Orphic poems, he is imprisoned for eternity in the cave of Nyx. Mnemosyne is the goddess of memory in Greek mythology. "Mnemosyne" is derived from the speech from their possession of Mnemosyne and their special relationship with the Muses. called upon her aid in accurately remembering and performing the poem he was about to recite. . Cronus · Rhea · Coeus · Phoebe.
The Cyclopes forged lightning and thunderbolts. He is the father of the many spirits of waters rivers, springs, etc. Gods of the Sun. The sun-god dwells in the East, crosses the dome of the sky in his chariot drawn by a team of four horses, descends in the West into the stream of Oceanus, which encircles the earth, and then sails back to the East to begin a new day. The Son of a Sun-God. This tale illustrates the brave folly of youth, the conflict between parents and their children, and the search for identity.
Goddesses of the Moon. In the end, Endymion was granted perpetual sleep and eternal youth. Argus was a loyal servant to Hera and he has immense strength and one hundred eyes all over his body. It was not possible to go past Argus since he never closed more than half his eyes at any time. Zeus was afraid of Hera's wrath could not personally intervene, so to save Io, he commanded Hermes to kill Argus, which he does by lulling all one hundred eyes into eternal sleep.
In Ovid 's interpolation, when Hera learned of Argus' death, she took his eyes and placed them in the plumage of the peacockher favorite animal, accounting for the eye pattern in its tail and making it the vainest of all animals. Eventually Io made it to Egyptthe Egyptians worshiped the snow-white heifer and named her the Egyptian goddess Isis. Hera permitted Zeus to change Io back into her human form, under the condition that he never look at her again. Io, the goddess-queen of Egypt, then bore Zeus' son as the next King.
Judgement of Paris This is one of the many works depicting the event. Hera is the goddess in the center, wearing the crown. She was annoyed at this, so she threw from the door a gift of her own: The goddesses quarreled bitterly over it, and none of the other gods would venture an opinion favoring one, for fear of earning the enmity of the other two. They chose to place the matter before Zeus, who, not wanting to favor one of the goddesses, put the choice into the hands of Parisa Trojan prince.
After bathing in the spring of Mount Ida where Troy was situated, they appeared before Paris to have him choose. The goddesses undressed before him, either at his request or for the sake of winning.
Still, Paris could not decide, as all three were ideally beautiful, so they resorted to bribes. Hera offered Paris political power and control of all of Asiawhile Athena offered wisdom, fame, and glory in battle, and Aphrodite offered the most beautiful mortal woman in the world as a wife, and he accordingly chose her.
The other two goddesses were enraged by this and through Helen's abduction by Paris they brought about the Trojan War. The Iliad[ edit ] Hera plays a substantial role in The Iliadappearing in a number of books throughout the epic poem. In accordance with ancient Greek mythology, Hera's hatred towards the Trojanswhich was started by Paris' decision that Aphrodite was the most beautiful goddess, is seen as through her support of the Greeks during the war.
Throughout the epic Hera makes many attempts to thwart the Trojan army. In books 1 and 2, Hera declares that the Trojans must be destroyed. Hera persuades Athena to aid the Achaeans in battle and she agrees to assist with interfering on their behalf. Diomedes called for his soldiers to fall back slowly. Hera, Ares' mother, saw Ares' interference and asked ZeusAres' father, for permission to drive Ares away from the battlefield.Greek Mythology Creation Story Explained in Animation
Hera encouraged Diomedes to attack Ares and he threw his spear at the god. Athena drove the spear into Ares' body, and he bellowed in pain and fled to Mt. Olympusforcing the Trojans to fall back.
In book 8, Hera tries to persuade Poseidon to disobey Zeus and help the Achaean army. Determined to intervene in the war, Hera and Athena head to the battlefield. However, seeing the two flee, Zeus sent Iris to intercept them and make them return to Mt. Olympus or face grave consequences. After prolonged fighting, Hera sees Poseidon aiding the Greeks and giving them motivation to keep fighting. In book 14 Hera devises a plan to deceive Zeus.
Father Time: Chronos and Kronos
Zeus set a decree that the gods were not allowed to interfere in the mortal war. Hera is on the side of the Achaeans, so she plans a Deception of Zeus where she seduces him, with help from Aphrodite, and tricks him into a deep sleep, with the help of Hypnosso that the Gods could interfere without the fear of Zeus.
Hephaestus sets the battlefield ablaze, causing the river to plead with Hera, promising her he will not help the Trojans if Hephaestus stops his attack. Hephaestus stops his assault and Hera returns to the battlefield where the gods begin to fight amongst themselves. When Hera discovered the deception, she cursed Echo to only repeat the words of others hence our modern word " echo ".
Semele and Dionysus When Hera learned that Semeledaughter of Cadmus King of Thebeswas pregnant by Zeus, she disguised herself as Semele's nurse and persuaded the princess to insist that Zeus show himself to her in his true form.
In other words, the ancient images of Time are either characterized by symbols of fleeting speed and precarious balance, or by symbols of universal power and infinite fertility, but not by symbols of decay and destruction. How, then, did these most specific attributes of Father Time come to be introduced?
The answer lies in the fact that the Greek expression for time, Chronos, was very similar to the name of Kronos the Roman Saturnoldest and most formidable of the gods. A patron of agriculture, he generally carried a sickle. As the senior member of the Greek and Roman Pantheon he was professionally old, and later, when the great classical divinities came to be identified with the planets, Saturn was associated with the highest and slowest of these. When religious worship gradually disintegrated and was finally supplanted by philosophical speculation, the fortuitous similarity between the words Chronos and Kronos was adduced as proof of the actual identity of the two concepts which really had some features in common.
According to Plutarch, who happens to be the earliest author to state this identity in writing, Kronos means Time in the same way as Hera means Air and Hephaistos, Fire. The Neoplatonics accepted the identification on metaphysical rather than physical grounds. The learned writers of the fourth and fifth centuries A.
Neoplatonics like Proclus were aware of the Orphic cosmogonies and were resuscitating an existing, though latent, symbolism. Nonetheless, we have some ex post facto justification here.
New explanations are created that invoke anachronistic features of the deities.
If Kronos devouring his children originally had nothing to do with time, now it does. Time now becomes gloomy because Saturn is gloomy. Far from being an abstraction limited to philosophy, Time seems better thought of as one of those absolute metaphors darting between concept, symbol, and personification. Time latches onto Kronos because of a lexical similarity, but it latches onto Herakles through arcane associations mostly lost to us.
It infects myths like a virus.
CRONUS (Kronos) - Greek Titan God of Time, King of the Titans (Roman Saturn)
By the age of PetrarchRenaissance humanism makes for a new recombination. Saturn was readymade for the job. Destruction is always an easily-reappropriated metaphor. The scythe also links time easily to his compatriot Death, who is associated with the scythe as early as the 11th century. From the former they took over the wings, from the latter the grim, decrepit appearance, the crutches, and, finally, such strictly Saturnian features as the scythe and the devouring motif.
That this new image personified Time was frequently emphasized by an hourglass, which seems to make its first appearance in this new cycle of illustrations, and sometimes by the zodiac, or the dragon biting its tail.