Fathers and sons are always a difficult relationship to handle even under the best see eye to eye look outside their relationship for advice, example of others and in Meanwhile, hanging out in Prince Hal's apartment in London, he, Falstaff. So what is the nature of the relationship between Falstaff and Hal, and what Ay, Hal. 'Tis hot, 'tis hot: there's that will sack a city. [The Prince. The Choice of the Four Fathers: Henry IV, Falstaff, youth Prince Hal as he matures into the paradigmatic good ruler, Henry V. The four plays have an .. (discussing the relationship between power and theatricality in the Henriad). the law than his father's deathbed advice: "Be it thy course to busy giddy.
Shakespeare just makes it a matter of language and dialectic. Falstaff, unlike Richard, is sincere in what he says and presents himself openly and scrupulously, while Richard possess a dichotomy of speech; private and public. Richard is rightly judged as immoral despite his private vindications to his victims and the audienceand merely wins the favor of the audience due to the fact that he is the only interesting character upon the stage, everybody else, like Richmond seems meandering and one-dimensional, despite the fact that we should pity them; they fail to captivate the audience.
But this is not the case in Henry IV, a near perfect play, surprisingly well rounded. The first part plays like a comedy with historical backdrops, while the second part plays like a comedic-tragedy with slightly less significant historical backdrops. The big surprise of reading Henry IV for the first time, is that, despite categorization, it is not a mundane history play suffused with politics like Richard III is, in fact, it is just the opposite.
The very nature of Henry IV, Part I is anti-political, it plays like a series of games among children, with Falstaff its center.
What image can be more simple, clear and sublime than Falstaff joyfully tossing Hal his pistol case at the breathe of a pun, for Hal to discover it to be a bottle of sack. Against war, against politics, against hate, against worrying, against death. What Falstaff is, is that he is life. He embodies the spirit of life more than any figure in world literature.
The veteran warrior saw through warfare and threw away its honor and glory as pernicious illusions, and gave himself to the order of the play.
Henry V - Compare the relationship between Hal and Falstaff in two different scenes
Unlike Hamlet, Falstaff gained knowledge without paying in nausea, and knowledge in Falstaff does not inhibit action but thrusts action aside as an irrelevancy to the timeless world of play. This truth that Hamlet and Falstaff seem to have discovered through some kind of epiphany, is something that existentialist thinkers began pondering on, well over three-hundred years later.
It is that, the world, or at least almost every form of normativity and convention, is meaningless. In the case of Falstaff, he saw the vanity in honor: I would it were bedtime, Hal, and all well. Why, thou owest God a death. This competitive struggle between a real father and son and those who they substitute is the center piece of the second play in Shakespeare's second history play cycle or major tetraology 4 story series.
Through much soul searching, Henry felt that the rebellion was justified to cleanse England from what he and his followers saw as a disease on the throne.
Henry's more radical followers kill Richard thinking their new king would have wanted this, but instead never wanted Richard's death.
Falstaff and Hal
An act that would haunt his reign and that of his son, the future Henry V. Henry sets about to pacify his fractured kingdom, atone for Richard's death and at the same time controlling his rebellious son, Prince Hal, who is more interested in drinking, carousing and making his father look like a laughing stock. Hal rejects his father religiously oriented rule and finds a more ameanable father in the guise of the fat knight Sir John Falstaff.
Towering wit and fat stomach accompany this hard drinking, womanizing, robbing rogue who is drunk on life and the fatherly relationship he has struck up with Hal. Conversely, the king finds a surrogate son with Henry Percy, who is more commonly known as Hotspur for his quick temper. The ideal warring son, who Henry wishes was his, follows him a little too closely as Hotspur goes weary of the king and is persuaded to lead a rebellion against him The First part of Henry IV as it appeared in the First Folio.
Henry IV, Part 1
The play opens as King Henry plans a trip to the holy land another of his practices looking to make up for Richard's death. The king is brought word that a Welsh rebellion led by his chief enemy Glendower, but an ally Mortimer has been captured. Hotspur was proven himself valiant in the fight capturing several prisoners and the king wishes he could be his son instead of Hal. In order to sort things out, the king calls for Hotspur, his father and uncle to meet with him and declares that the prisoners Hotspur captured are his.
A major break with protocol since armies were financed by the noble who commanded them Hotspur and his family and they usually reaped any spoils. This act forces the family to plot against the king and they meet with Glendower Meanwhile, hanging out in Prince Hal's apartment in London, he, Falstaff and Hal's friend Poins plan another robbery of some rich religious pilgrims. Hal plots with Poins that he will rob Falstaff and his other cronies after they have robbed the pilgrims and mentions to the audience that while he has lived a wild life, he secretly does not criminal leanings and will make amends when the time comes.
The robbery botched, Falstaff rails against Poins and Hal for not coming to his aid and then fabricates an ever wilder story of how he fought off an army of thieves.
When the truth is revealed, Falstaff though angry takes it in stride as the one ups man ship that he and Hal engage in. Word comes of Hotspur's rebellion and Hal loathes having to meet with his father. Falstaff and Hal play out an intended encounter, each jabbing at the other's foibles. However, the real meeting is anything but merry as the king denounces his son thinking he cannot count on him in this desperate time. Hal instead of leaving claims his devotion and the two reconcile to meet the challenge of Hotspur's rebellion.
Through a series of perversly comic scenes, the troops are gathered on both sides and climax at the battle of Shrewsbury and the final encounter between the "sons" of Henry, Hal and Hotspur. Though Hal is victorious, Falstaff takes credit for the killing, while faking his own death.
The rebellion put down, Hal and the king reconciled, all seems well as Falstaff ruminates on his life, honor, and other deep themes that come across as silly ravings but are deeply thoughtful and sets the stage for part 2 which features the ending of one dynasty and the beginning of another and the fallout from that change.