[Full text] Early father-daughter relationship and demographic determinants | PRBM
Early father–daughter relationship, attachment, and marital satisfaction be explained by Wives' work status, Approach to marriage, and Existence of children . . On the basis of the definition of subdomains and the emotional. Why the father daughter relationship is so important and how and why men should take steps to Parenting · Productivity · Psychology · Quotes · Relationships · Success · Technology · Work Not only does a girl's relationship with her father shape her childhood experience, but it will . Feng shui means “ wind and water. Whether she admires him or can't stand him, a girl's relationship with her father is always the lynchpin of her personal life. How's your.
Try to give her the tools to work with you to ease the issues, along with firm boundaries of what behavior gets what predictable reaction from dad…. Be predictable in anger……. No matter what make sure they know you always love them and hold them dear……. And as mature men and women they will be responsible just like other mature adults. If masculinity comes from withinthen why are you worried? Maybe the trouble the kids in your ward have is caused by problems in the family they grew up in, and personal problems the mother have, more than a lack of role models?
But is this a hypotheses or facts? Then girls must learn better from a mother.
Maybe we talk about sex identity development? Developmentalists have focused on early parent—child relationships as an important determinant of later psychological adjustment.
Why the Father-Daughter Relationship is so Important - The Good Men Project
Specifically, children greatly benefit from a secure emotional attachment to someone: Harmonious marriages tend to be associated with sensitive parenting and warm child—parent relationships. It may be concluded that when husbands and wives are satisfied with their marriage, the children tend to be more secure. However, when there is marital discord, children tend to be more anxious, aggressive, and insecure.
Parents with poor marital quality are more likely to engage in problematic parenting styles, such as increased hostility and punitiveness, decreased warmth and reasoning, and increased inconsistency. It has repeatedly emphasized the role that early father—child relationship plays in the future adjustment of children.
It is worth noticing here that research efforts in the context of Arab culture to examine the relationship between early father—daughter relationship and later psychological adjustment, especially marital satisfaction, has been lacking to a great extent.
Demographic variables Three different demographic variables are considered important in the context of this study on Jordanian Arab culture.
This development in her role may have an impact on marital satisfaction. Second, traditional versus nontraditional marriages constitute a very sensitive cultural issue. Most of the marriages in many Arab Muslim families are prearranged by the family and extended family, and such a phenomenon is considered a collective one.
Moreover, marriage may be viewed as an institution that has a very clear and distinct role for both sexes. Culture does not encourage any kind of relationship before marriage, and it is very common that the first time that women and men know each other is after the engagement. Lack of children is one of the primary causes of divorce or multiple remarriages. In such a culture, it is justified to consider children an important determinant of marital satisfaction and therefore be included as a variable.
Two hypotheses were tested: Methods Participants Married couples older than 18 years of age were considered the target population for this study.
A total sample of Jordanian respondents from Amman was used. The sample included men and women. Mean age of women was All study participants provided a written informed consent form, which stressed the confidentiality of study data, their right to not participate, and was used to obtain their informed written consent. It consists of items distributed over ten subscales constituting the original version. For the purpose of this study, 71 items were chosen to cover six subscales: Four-point Likert scale was used, with a total score ranging from 71 towhere a higher score indicates a more positive daughter—father relationship.
The following subscales were used: Feelings about the father: Physical relationship with father: Convergent validity was also used. Furthermore, internal validity was calculated among a pilot sample of 50 students.
Results indicated that item—total correlation for all items ranged between 0. In terms of reliability, in the original version, 19 a number of reliability indicators were shown. Such reliability results were supported by the findings of Al-Sheikh Ali, 20 who used the same alpha equation among Jordanian university students. Results have indicated that the computed reliability coefficients for subscales ranged between 0.
Overall coefficient value for the total score was 0. Accordingly, expert suggestions were incorporated into the questionnaire taking into consideration language and culture.
The above procedure was a preliminary step toward the application of the questionnaire on a voluntary pilot sample of 15 pairs of husbands and wives, in order to examine item clarity, appropriateness, and internal validity. Results indicate that item—total correlation scores ranged between 0. Demographic variables Information on demographic variables through an established demographic questionnaire was collected. Procedure In addition to the targeted respondents, other appropriate respondents identified and referred by the involved participants were included.
Snowball technique was used as the preferable mode of study because of the nature of the study, which requires the willingness of husbands and wives as couples to participate. Initial respondents themselves recommended other candidates for the study.
Questionnaires were administered by trained college students who were already introduced to the nature of the study and trained on using the study tools. Familiar topics such as general orientation to research, characteristics of target population, basic interviewing skills, and data collection procedures were included in their training, in addition to the need for maintaining confidentiality of respondents.
On the basis of this assumption, Seconda 9 was able to differentiate types of fathers and daughters according to the nature of this relationship with the respective other. Feelings about the father, as an exception, can be viewed from a psychodynamic point of view.
This may explain the negative impact associated with the first predictor Feelings about the father. For the other three predictors, results are consistent with the findings of Bowling and Wermer-Wilson 26 and the early assertions by Bowlby 32 that secured attachment in early childhood predicts future success and happiness in adulthood.
Because marital relationship is an interactional one, any dysfunction in one partner can be assumed to eventually affect the other partner, affecting marital life including general satisfaction in marriage.
Considering these findings, it seems that such characteristics may set a standard that enhances a positive and successful marital relationship. The positive feelings she may experience with her father, as well as the security and warmth embedded in it, will most probably facilitate a more supportive and rewarding relationship with her husband.
Results indicated that working wives have more marital satisfaction than nonworking ones. This study, therefore, confirms results of some early studies that marital quality is higher among wives who are employed than among housewives. This is supported by the findings of Breik and Daoud, 36 who found significant differences between working and nonworking women in overall psychological adjustment. The percentages of nonworking women who suffer from stress and somatic complaints were significantly higher than in their working women counterparts.
Contrary to the findings of Cherlin, 37 Janssen et al, 38 and Kalmijn, 39 who had shown that highly educated women had a higher rate of unstable marriages, implicitly, one can assume from the findings of this study that working women, in most cases, have higher levels of education, which is considered to be of high esteem in contemporary Arab society and viewed by both sexes as an essential condition for social and economic advancement.
Furthermore, there are no changes in her cultural role as a wife and as a woman in society. In accordance with a long line of research findings that support the notion of a general decline in marital satisfaction as a consequence of having children, 40 — 43 wherein overall absence of children had a significant positive effect on marital happiness, this study partially and indirectly agrees with such results.
Early father–daughter relationship and demographic determinants of spousal marital satisfaction
New generations are more inclined to be preoccupied with improving the quality of life and economic well-being over reproduction. Such results may point to a transformation in Arab and Muslim society toward being an open society.
Finally, traditional marriage has contributed to marital satisfaction for both husbands and wives. The deeply rooted formal value system of Arab and Muslim culture prohibits establishing any emotional relationships prior to marriage. Going against such cultural mandate could potentially cause unnecessary tension for young men and women within the context of the hierarchical family system.
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