Johann Wolfgang von Goethe | Biography, Works, & Facts | omarcafini.info
Adam Kirsch on “The Essential Goethe” and the German author of “Faust” A new selection of Goethe's work reveals both his vast range and his unity of purpose. His religious beliefs, his love affairs, his relationships with other . poet and playwright Friedrich Schiller, Goethe's friend and collaborator. Classical period, including the poets Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Christoph. Wieland, and .. strongly anti-oligarchical Marriage of Figaro, with libretto by the French .. could be tapped for a higher purpose, Schiller began to formulate a. The original Goethe–Schiller Monument (German: Goethe-Schiller-Denkmal) is in Weimar, . Gesellschaft (Goethe–Schiller Monument Company) was formed for the purpose of raising a version of the Weimar Monument in Golden Gate Park .
The novel remains in print in dozens of languages and its influence is undeniable; its central hero, an obsessive figure driven to despair and destruction by his unrequited love for the young Lotte, has become a pervasive literary archetype.
The fact that Werther ends with the protagonist's suicide and funeral—a funeral which "no clergyman attended"—made the book deeply controversial upon its anonymous publication, for on the face of it, it appeared to condone and glorify suicide. Suicide is considered sinful by Christian doctrine: He said he "turned reality into poetry but his friends thought poetry should be turned into reality and the poem imitated.
What set Goethe's book apart from other such novels was its expression of unbridled longing for a joy beyond possibility, its sense of defiant rebellion against authority, and of principal importance, its total subjectivity: The next work, his epic closet drama Faustwas completed in stages.
The first part was published in and created a sensation.
Friedrich von Schiller: the Romantic lover
Goethe finished Faust Part Two in the year of his death, and the work was published posthumously. Goethe's original draft of a Faust play, which probably dates from —74, and is now known as the Urfaust, was also published after his death.
The work subsequently inspired operas and oratorios by SchumannBerliozGounodBoitoBusoniand Schnittke as well as symphonic works by LisztWagnerand Mahler.
Faust became the ur-myth of many figures in the 19th century. Later, a facet of its plot, i. Inthe world premiere complete production of Faust was staged at the Goetheanum. Goethe in the Roman Campagna by Tischbein Goethe's poetic work served as a model for an entire movement in German poetry termed Innerlichkeit "introversion" and represented by, for example, Heine.
Goethe's words inspired a number of compositions by, among others, MozartBeethoven who idolised Goethe SchubertBerlioz and Wolf. Perhaps the single most influential piece is "Mignon's Song" which opens with one of the most famous lines in German poetry, an allusion to Italy: He is also widely quoted. Epigrams such as "Against criticism a man can neither protest nor defend himself; he must act in spite of it, and then it will gradually yield to him", " Divide and rulea sound motto; unite and lead, a better one", and "Enjoy when you can, and endure when you must", are still in usage or are often paraphrased.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Wikipedia
Some well-known quotations are often incorrectly attributed to Goethe. Creativity and crisis[ edit ] Goethe overcame emotional turmoil, relational conflicts and mood swings through self-reflection, political and scientific work, and writing. To no one was the faculty for so doing more necessary than to me, for by nature I was constantly carried from one extreme to the other".
Goethean science As to what I have done as a poet, I take no pride in it But that in my century I am the only person who knows the truth in the difficult science of colours—of that, I say, I am not a little proud, and here I have a consciousness of a superiority to many.
Goethe also had the largest private collection of minerals in all of Europe. By the time of his death, in order to gain a comprehensive view in geology, he had collected 17, rock samples. His focus on morphology and what was later called homology influenced 19th century naturalistsalthough his ideas of transformation were about the continuous metamorphosis of living things and did not relate to contemporary ideas of "transformisme" or transmutation of species.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - New World Encyclopedia
The elephant's skull that led Goethe to this discovery, and was subsequently named the Goethe Elephant, still exists and is displayed in the Ottoneum in KasselGermany. Light spectrum, from Theory of Colours. Goethe observed that with a prismcolour arises at light-dark edges, and the spectrum occurs where these coloured edges overlap.
During his Italian journey, Goethe formulated a theory of plant metamorphosis in which the archetypal form of the plant is to be found in the leaf — he writes, "from top to bottom a plant is all leaf, united so inseparably with the future bud that one cannot be imagined without the other".
The ever-changing display of plant forms, which I have followed for so many years, awakens increasingly within me the notion: The plant forms which surround us were not all created at some given point in time and then locked into the given form, they have been given According to Hegel, "Goethe has occupied himself a good deal with meteorology; barometer readings interested him particularly What he says is important: He claims to deduce from it that the barometric level varies in the same proportion not only in each zone but that it has the same variation, too, at different altitudes above sea-level".
The unearthly charm of the child Mignon, the dark fate which surrounds the aged harper, like the doom of Oedipus, the uncertain yearning after a happier home in brighter climes gives a deeper undertone to the prevailing lightness of the story.
The faults of the story are as positive as its beauties; but it has no antetype in literature. The style is exquisitely soft and flowing, with all the sweetness and simplicity of Werther, but more mellow and mature.
It was of her that Goethe wrote: She who was so much to me! On the other hand these are the years of Schiller's greatest activity.Single, Not Alone :: Relationship Goals (Part 2)
It was at this time that he produced his Wallenstein trilogy, probably his grandest effort, followed by Marie Stuart, Jungfrau von Orleans, Braut von Messina and Wilhelm Tell. In a dramatic school was established at Weimar, and these classical dramas were the glory of its stage. Of a proposed epic, whose theme was Achilles, Goethe completed only the first canto, and it had no successor. He then devoted himself to the works of others, translating and preparing the Mahomet and Tancred of Voltaire for the Leipsic theatre.
The story is a true one of a princess of the French house of Conti. The play is written with the full beauty of Goethe's style, and some passages and effects are worthy of his highest genius; but, as a whole, it is a failure. It has the quality so characteristic of Goethe's later work, of too great universality of treatment--a serious drawback in a drama.
The characters are not living beings but abstractions, and the language is vague and general rather than clear and defined.