Relationships Between Greek Gods and Mortals by Chris Calton on Prezi
Heroes and ordinary humans in Greek myths frequently discovered that things Hesiod's Theogony tells of creation and of the gods' origins and relationships. She could cause all kinds of trouble when her husband pursued other women. The Ancient Greeks were a race of very religious people who believed strongly in their gods and goddesses. Not only did they believe in the presence of their. Gods & Human relationships in the Odyssey: How divine and mortal perspectives In this case, these forces are known as the ancient Greek Gods. . The Gods punish as they see fit – the mortals cause the problems themselves, and at the.
The poem Theogony by Hesiod followed around BC. As the name of the poem depicts Theogony means the birth of Godsit deals with the creation of the human world and the ancient Gods. The Greek mythology says that the Greek gods were living in Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece.
Relation Between Gods and Mortals by M Hua on Prezi
As all gods, they were immortal. The imagination of the people would not picture them as eternally young, but each god had a different age. For example, Zeus and Hera were middle-aged, while Apollo and Aphrodite were for ever young. To keep their eternal life, the Olympian Gods would eat ambrosia and drink nectar.
The Olympian Gods were 12 in number. However, in Greek mythology stories, there were also many other smaller gods and deities that lived in the earth. For example, nymps of the sea lived in the waves and nymphs of the forest lived inside the boles of the trees.
For the ancient Greeks, many natural phenomena or nature itself were also personalized as gods. Aether was the god of the upper air, Hemera was the goddess of daylight, Erebus the god of darkness and Zephyros the god of the west wind. There were also special gods for feelings and situations, such as Themis for justice, Via for violence, Eris for discord, Hebe for youth, Hypnos for sleep, Mania for insanity and many others.
The gods would usually mate to each other or with mortals and have children.
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For example, Aphrodite, goddess of beauty, and Ares, god of war, gave birth to Cupid, the god of love. Also, the coupling of Zeus and a mortal woman named Leto gave birth to two important gods, Apollo and Artemis. It was very frequent that the child of a god and a mortal was made god or at least had superficial powers. Let's take the example of Hercules, the son of Zeus and mortal Alcmena. Although he was not considered a god, he had inherited some extra-human powers.
He had a great strength and could beat huge giants in battle. Hercules is mostly known in mythology for his twelve labors, such as the slay of the Nemean Lion and of the 9-headed Lernaean Hydra, the steal of the Esperides Apples and the Capture of Cerberus.
Another hero with superficial powers was Theseusthe son of mortal Aethra and the divine Poseidon. He is famous as a king of Athens and also for his difficult tasks: Gods, for the ancient Greeks, had a very liberal attitude in life.
Family unions were not applicable to them, that is why brothers could marry their sisters and have children or a son could kill his parents. How much liberal rules were for the gods, this would not apply for mortals. If a mortal broke up a moral rule, the punishment was severe. Particularly strong for the mortals was the anti-blasphemy rule, which banned people from talking unrespectfully against a god. If someone did so, the god would get angry and punish him.
In general, the ancient Greeks would consider something bad in their lives as a punishment for gods. If they had a disease, they would pray to the gods to forgive his sins. If a floud would occur and destroy their city, they would make a sacrifice to calm down the gods. From this, it can be seen that there was a sense of respect and fear between people and the gods and that people didn't feel free to live their lives, but thought that everything would come or be taken away from them.
Mythological facts Theogony by Hesiod Hesiod depicted universe as a chaotic place until the emergence of the divine beings Eros LoveAbyss Tartarus and Erebus Darkness.
After them, Gaia Earth was born who gave birth to Uranos the Sky. Uranos fertilized Gaia to give birth to the twelve Titans, six males: They also gave birth to the three Cyclopes Arges thunderboltSteropes lightningand Brontes thunder and the three Hecatoncheires. Hecatoncheires were massive creatures with 50 heads and arms of great strength. Cronus takes over power Cronus, a second generation god, made war with his father for the rule of the universe.
He eventually won, having his sister-wife Rhea as his consort and the other Titans as his court. However, Uranos and Gaia prophesized that Cronus would be put aside in the rule of the world by his own children, in the same way that Cronus put aside his father. He finally takes charge, taking the initiative to find his father and confronting the suitors.
At the end of the epic, she even makes the night longer so that the lovers would have more time to get reacquainted. On the contrary, another type of relationship is where the gods are rather indifferent to the mortals, despite their praying and sacrificing. All their afflictions come from us, we heard.
This is a perfect example of how contrary to the belief of some mortals, the gods did not control every insignificant detail of their lives.
The gods were at times uninterested in meddling in mortal affairs.
Another example of this relationship is through that of Zeus and Odysseus. Athena chooses Odysseus as her champion and focuses on helping him — and she is so much like him. Both are clever, good in war and make good leaders.
The fact that Athena chooses this relationship with Odysseus means that he is privileged — after all, how many mortals have this kind of relationship with non-other than one of the major Olympians? Given her patronage of Odysseus, the readers, therefore, are positioned to view Odysseus even more favorably and heroic because there is an important, benevolent God who believes in him.
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If Athena, a Goddess, sees the qualities in Odysseus that are considered in the ancient Greek world to be positive, strong and heroic we too, are more likely to see these qualities within him, making him a fitting hero in his era. Therefore, another way in which the Gods are important with in the Odyssey is how in this case they function to make us, view the epic hero even more positively through their relationships with them.
Insofar we have discussed how the Gods serve as mechanisms to frame the narrative, the bard and the characters in a certain way but we have not talked about what they directly do in the story. Another important function of the Gods is ancient epic is that they at times, directly and indirectly, intervene.
The Gods who play the most prominent roles are Athena, and Poseidon. In the case of Poseidon, we see a wrathful and angry God. He does not like Odysseus and clearly favors Polyphemus in the Cyclops incident and, as a favor to the Cyclops, wrecks Odysseus raft. Right at the beginning of the epic she gives Telemachus a great push and helps him to get started on the task, which will aid Odysseus eventually.
At first in the story, Telemachus does not stand up to the greedy, parasite-like suitors: When it comes to helping Odysseus Athena is no less generous — she helps out with the battle in Book 22 and at the beginning too, in Book 5 when Odysseus is shipwrecked. From these interventions, we can see that the Gods serve as characters themselves in the story, not just as outside forces of fate. Poseidon is the angry man with the grudge against our hero, and Athena is the wise, guiding and helpful friend who helps everything and everyone along the way.