Greek Mythology Gods Olympians
One look at the family tree of the Greek gods and goddesses. However, to really see the dozens of relationships, including the marital, adulterous, bizarre, and Zeus' Family Tree. Click on a name to see more information. Zeus. Hera. Two examples of a Zeus family tree showing his relations to his Greek god Zeus is married to his sister Hera with whom he had Ares, Hephaestus, Hebe. A family tree is a chart that shows the relationship between people or deities in a family The chart below lists Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hades, Hermes, Ares, Apollo, if you start with Zeus, you want to include important and powerful gods and.
Poseidon Zeus However, a prophecy made by Gaia threatened the rule of Cronus, and stated that one of his children would overthrow him, just as how Cronus had overthrown his own father.
This fear of losing his rightful place among the gods, made Cronus swallow his children as soon as they were born. The first five children were swallowed whole, and fearing the same fate for her sixth unborn child, Rhea sought the help of her parents to save her child and seek revenge from Cronus for his acts. Thereafter, Rhea presented Cronus with a stone wrapped in cloth, which he, believing to be the newborn child promptly gobbled down.
Cronus Cronus was the youngest and most ambitious son of Uranus. His lust for power led him to overthrow his father so that he could become the leader of the Titans. He castrated his father using his choice of weapon, 'The Sickle'. He swallowed all his children the moment they were born to protect his throne. Little did Cronus know that his sixth child, whom he had swallowed was actually a stone wrapped in cloth.
His real son was alive, and bidding his time to seek revenge from his cruel father. Children of Rhea and Cronus Hestia Hestia was the goddess of hearth and fire.
She is among the rare few who chose to remain celibate. It is believed that she chose to give up her throne in order to perform her duties on earth with utmost dedication. Demeter Demeter was the goddess of harvest, life and death, marriage, and the sacred laws. Zeus was one of her consorts and together they had a child, who they named Persephone.
When Persephone grew into a young woman, she was abducted by Hades the ruler of the underworld. It was Zeus who had advised Hades to abduct his daughter, because he knew that Demeter would never consider Hades as a suitable husband for Persephone. Hera Hera was the older sister of Zeus and became his wife, after the untimely death of Metis. Even though, she was the goddess of marriage and femininity, her own marriage to Zeus was rocky because of his incessant affairs.
Hera is famous for her jealousy and wrath towards her husband's lovers and the children who were born as a result of these affairs. Wikimedia Commons PD Hades Hades was the god of the underworld and ensured that dead remained within their realm and did not try to escape. He was fatally attracted to Persephone, and thus abducted her and made her his queen.
Even though he was the ruler of the dead, he himself was an immortal god who came upon this duty. He was neither cruel nor retributive, and proved to be an efficient king. Among all the worlds, he was the only one who could look after the souls of the dead and keep them under control.
The aforementioned illustration is a part of the Meyers Konversations-Lexikon of and depicts Hades with his loyal hound Cerberus.
It is also believed that he, like his brother Zeus was not swallowed by his father Cronus, and was instead hidden by Rhea amidst lambs that were grazing on earth.
Rhea pretended to have given birth to a lamb and handed the same to Cronus, who swallowed the animal. Zeus Zeus Zeus was the youngest son of Cronus and became the god of the sky and thunder. Zeus used an emetic on his father, which caused him to vomit the contents of his stomach. The first came the stone, a sheep, and then his five older children, who come out alive and as adults.
Zeus also released all the monstrous brothers of Cronus, which included the Giants, Cyclopes and Hecatonchires, who had been imprisoned underground by Cronus for being ugly. Then with the help of his siblings and all those whom Cronus had imprisoned in Tartarus, Zeus was able to defeat his father and the Titans in a battle that lasted for nearly ten years. After the victory, there was sharing of power among all the Gods and Zeus became the ruler of the universe.
Thus began the Olympian era. Children of Zeus Credit: He was the son of Hera and Zeus, and was both venerated and loathed for his violent and military nature. The Roman god Mars is regarded in the same stead as Ares. Deimos and Phobos were their father's constant companions in battle. Like Zeus, Ares had many consorts and children. Aphrodite was the goddess of beauty, sexuality, and lust.
She was so fatally beautiful and desirable, that Zeus feared her beauty may cause wars among the gods, as they argued over who would set their claims on her. He married Aphrodite to Hephaestus, but her lust for men made her cheat on her husband often. She was attracted to the volatile nature of Ares, and thus played an instrumental role in the Trojan War along with this dangerous consort of hers. Aphrodite was responsible for the lust that Paris felt for Helen of Troy and the abduction that ensued.
Athena Athena Athena was the goddess of wisdom, war strategy, and just governance. She was also the favorite daughter of Zeus.
Athena's mother was Metis, who was the first wife of Zeus and was known for her wisdom and cunning. However, Zeus feared the coming true of a prophesy which stated that his union with Metis would lead to the birth of gods who would overpower Zeus in due time. This led to Zeus swallowing Metis, who by then had already conceived Athena. While in her husband's belly, Metis forged an armor for her unborn child.
Zeus began to experience an unbearable headache, which forced him to request one of his helpers to cleave his forehead with the labrys ax. This resulted in Athena erupting from her father's head, fully-grown, and clothed in the armor made by her mother. Athena soon became Zeus' beloved daughter because of her defiant ways and wisdom.
Apollo had a twin sister Artemis as well. He has been represented in Greek mythology as a god with many powers such as, the god of light, the bringer of plagues as well as the healer, the god of truth, and music to name a few.
It is said that when Apollo was merely four days old, he was forced to kill the earth dragon Python, who had been sent by the jealous Hera to kill Leto. Apollo in order to save his mother asked for a bow and arrow from Hephaestus, the God of weapons and shot the dragon straight in the eye. Artemis Artemis Artemis was the goddess of hunting and animals. Since she was also a virgin deity, women prayed to her for ensuring a safe childbirth and for protecting their young daughters from lecherous men.
The role of guarding over childbirth was given to Artemis by The Fates, because she was born a day before her twin brother Apollo and had acted as her mother's mid-wife by helping in the birth. When Artemis was only three years old she went weeping to her father Zeus after being trashed by Hera. She sat on his lap and asked for six wishes, those being to always remain a virgin, to be known by more names so that she could be told apart from her twin brother, to have the best bow and arrow, a short dress suitable for hunting, to have sixty daughters of the Ocean to be her choir and that they all be nine years of age, and to have twenty chaste nymphs to look after her bow and her dogs.
Dionysus Dionysus Dionysus was the God of wine, arts and fertility, and was the son of Semele, who was one of Zeus' priestesses on earth. Hera had become aware of the affair and had made Semele vulnerable enough, to doubt the true identity of her child's father. Semele asked Zeus to show himself in his true form. Zeus was heartbroken by his beloved's strange request and knew the consequences, however, by then he had naively given his word to Semele and was helpless.
Since, Semele was a mere mortal she died the moment she saw Zeus, and was turned to ash. Zeus was inconsolable, but was able to save his unborn child by creating a makeshift womb in his thigh, thereby hiding the baby from Hera.
Family Tree of Greek Gods and Goddesses | LoveToKnow
Hermes Hermes Hermes was the son of the goddess Maia. Hermes was the messenger of the gods, he guided souls into the afterlife and was the god of commerce, poetry, literature, and sports.
He was conceived and born within a night, after which the child grew at an astounding rate. Hermes made the string instrument called the Iyre, which he gave to Apollo as compensation for the cattle herd stolen by him. She was the first mortal to be embraced by Jupiter [Zeus]. From her was born Argus, who named the town of Argos after his own name. Argus by Niobe, daughter of Phoroneus. Her son Epaphos, however, was born in Egypt. Evelyn-White Greek epic C8th or 7th B.
Taygete, Pleiad nymph; 2 - 4. Leda, queen of Sparta; 4. Lakedaimon, king of Sparta; 2 - 3. Poseidon and Zeus are carrying Taygete, daughter of Atlas, and her sister Alkyone. There are also reliefs of Atlas. Lacedaemon by Taygete, daughter of Atlas. Boyle Roman poetry C1st B. Maia, Electra, Taygete [lay] with Jove [Zeus]. Rouse Greek epic C5th A. The father of Helene the Greeks like everybody else hold to be not Tyndareus but Zeus.
Kalyke, Thessalian princess; 2. Aithlios, king of Elis; 2. Endymion, king of Elis. Aethlius by Protogenia, daughter of Deucalion. He led Aeolians forth from Thessalia and founded Elis. A man of unrivalled beauty, he was loved by Selene.
When he was given a wish of his choice by Zeus, he chose to remain immortal and unaging in eternal sleep. Krinakos, king of Olenos. Maia, nymph of Mt Kyllene; 2. Kallisto, princess of Arkadia. Hermes, god of flocks; 2. Arkas, king of Arkadia.
Semele, princess of Thebes; 1. Alkmene, Theban lady; 3 - 4. Antiope, princess of Thebes; 5.
Dionysos, god of wine; 2. Herakles, Theban hero; 3 - 4. Orion, giant prince of Hyria. Rackham Roman rhetorician C1st B. Jupiter [Zeus] then and Lysithoe were the parents of the Hercules who is recorded to have had a tussle with Apollo about a tripod.
Jones Greek geographer C1st B. Since they were received hospitably by him, they promised him whatever he should ask for.
He asked for children. Mercurius [Hermes] brought out the hide of the bull which Hyrieus had sacrificed to them; they urinated in it, and buried it in the earth, and from it Orion was born. He had the ability of running over the waves as if on land. Aristomachus says that there lived a certain Hyrieus at Thebes--Pindar puts him on the island of Chios - who asked from Jove [Zeus] and Mercurius [Hermes] when they visited him that he might have a child. To gain his request more readily he sacrificed an ox and put it before them for a feast.
When he had done this, Jove and Mercurius asked him to remove the hide from the ox; then they urinated in it, and bade him bury the hide in the ground. From this, later on, a child was born whom Hyrieus called Urion Urine from the happening, though on account of his charm and affability he came to be called Orion.
I should sing the cause of this constellation. Jupiter [Zeus] and his brother who rules the broad sea [Poseidon] were travelling the road with Mercurius [Hermes]. It was the time when yokes bring back the upturned plough and stooping lams milk their bursting ewes.
By chance an old farmer of a narrow plot, Hyrieus, spots them, as he stood by his little hut. They take his offer and hide their godhead.Greek Mythology Creation Story Explained in Animation
They pass under the old man's smoke-blacked, filthy roof; a small fire glowed from yesterday's log. Jupiter's [Zeus'] words were: Where is she now, you ask? Sealed in an urn. I gave her an oath, with you as my witness. I want to be, not a husband, but a father. I am ashamed to speak any further [the three gods urinated on the hide]. Then they blanketed the sodden spot with soil.
It was now ten months, and a boy was born. Hyrieus calls him Urion from his mode of birth; then the first letter lost its ancient sound. Then a hollow of the earth was made midwife to earth's unbegotten son. Elare, princess of Orkhomenos. After Zeus had seduced Elare, in fear of Hera he hid her beneath the earth, where she gave birth to their enormous son Tityos, and led him forth into the light of day. Arkesios, king of Kephalleneia. Melville Roman epic C1st B. Homer also mentions that Odysseus was a descendant of Zeus without describing the precise genealogy.
Pyrrha, queen of the Hellenes; 2. Protogeneia, princess of the Hellenes; 2. Kalyke, princess of the Aiolians; 3 - 4. Thyia, princess of the Hellenes; 5. Pandora, princess of the Hellenes. Hellen, king of the Hellenes; 2. Aithlios, king of Elis; 3. Makedon, king of Makedonia, 4. Magnes, king of Magnesia; 5. Graikos, king of the Graikoi. Their kingdom was centred on the town of Lokrian Opous but encompassed most of central and northern Greece including Phokis, Lokris, Orkhomenos, Malis, Phthiotis and the lands of Thessalia.
Many of the daughters and granddaughters of the king were loved by Zeus, and went on to found new kingdoms within this large domain. Hellen by Pyrrha, daughter of Epimetheus.
He emigrated from Thessalia, founding the kingdom of Elis in the Peloponnese.