Japanese literature | omarcafini.info
Japan. What has been said already must be clearly understood when we investigate the relation between Buddhism and Japanese literary art. In other words, it. The oldest surviving literary works are the Kojiki (Record of Ancient Matters, c. ) and the Nihon Shoki (History Book of Ancient Japan, c). These works of . Where did you first encounter art from the Edo period ()? Is there I'm articulating this for the first time now, but the relationship of.
And I was very much striving for balance, even in the way the poems appeared on the page. I think that lyricism is in balance with silence, tapping into the Invisible, stirring it into music. Because you typically suggest rather than claim, I was surprised to discover a number of declarative utterances scattered throughout Swallows and Waves.
Japanese Culture - Arts - Modern Literature and Writers
Do these moments approach truisms? Thank you for saying that, Shara. I think there are a few reasons for this slide into more declarative sentences.
Because I was in some ways masked behind these artworks, I could speak more directly. Also, although the music was propulsive, there was a kind of caution and restraint in these poems, maybe because of the lack of a speaking I. The tension kept building and building, and when there was a slight opportunity to be more overtly authoritative, it felt like a gasp, pop… a relief, if that makes sense. These moments surprised me, too, they were so out of character!
But the declarations felt right to me because they did feel somehow earned. What about this subject demanded brevity? Because the poems seemed to want to mirror the artworks in terms of harmony and balance, I really wanted them to be cages with a bird in them. There was a length when the draft would start to feel out of balance, or insist on different movements or significant breaks—like a bubble that would break if it got too big, too stretched.
I concentrated hard on restraint, and shaped what I could until what was left felt absolutely necessary. In compressed poems, where speed is of the essence, how do you manage time? How do you know what can be safely omitted?
- Japanese Classical Literature (up to 1868)
- Japanese literature
- Japanese Modern Literature (from 1868)
I notice that internal rhyme plays an important role in many of the poems, allowing you to quickly leap from image to idea or even another scene. Musicality is so important to me in all of my poems, but these in particular because they were so short and did have to make all sorts of leaps within a tight frame, and the only way to make it not jarring was to ensure the music did the heavy lifting. So sound led me, for sure, and memorizing the poems and omitting what was forgettable or tripped up the music.
There was a lot of trust self-trust, trust in the reader, trust in the power of images and music to decide what could be cut.
But I like the intensity that comes with that trust. But definitely, I was taking away more than adding. I was really struck by the slashes of rain, which seemed like a unique and dominant feature in this particular artwork, and how violent it seemed.
The huge, storm-made wave looked so much like a rain-swollen book. How sensual that image was! And it also seemed kind of funny to me that, throughout time, bad weather has been wrecking dates. It occurs to me that the lines that follow reflect well the pursuit of lyric poetry: When there are no more words.
And so is silence. Which of these are most important to you as a poet? That woodblock print is so beautiful! The mountains are enormous and azure, looming over the village, with tiny white blossoms everywhere.
So many poems these days reflect personhood. The two great writers to emerge in the postwar period were Kawabata Yasunariwho was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature inand Tanizaki Junichiro.
The former tells of a relationship between a middle-aged writer and an aging geisha. The latter uses the cities of Tokyo which had just been devastated by an earthquake and Osaka as symbols of the conflict between modern and traditional Japan.
Perhaps better known abroad is Mishima Yukiowhose life and death were as dramatic as his art. He was a homosexual and obsessed with the body, physical beauty and its inevitable decline and death. His first major work was Kamen no Kokuhaku Confessions of a Mask, and he handed his last, the 4-part novel Hojo no Umi The Sea of Fertility,to his publisher on the day of his death.
Another masterpiece, Kinkakuji The Temple of the Golden Pavilion, tells of a monk disgusted by his own ugliness who burns down the famous Kyoto pavilion rather than see it fall into the hands of the US military. Mishima despaired at the westernisation of Japan and longed for a return to nobler times. He was perhaps the only writer of his day who was capable enough to write kabuki plays in the traditional style.
He was excused military service during the war and the guilt of this plagued him throughout his life. He took up bodybuilding and martial arts and liked to pose in photographs depicting his violent end. With life imitating art, he committed ritual suicide together with members of his fanatical private army after failing to create a revolt by the military.
InOe Kenzaburo became Japan's second literary Nobel recipient. Both novels dealt with the theme of being the father of a brain-damaged child, which Oe knew about from experience. Culture in the Nara Period A. Outstanding religious cave murals were also produced in these period. The Shosoin Treasury is made up of Nara-era items contributed by Empress Komyo to honor husband Emperor Shomu at a memorial service 49 days after his death. The items include the Odo no Gosua brass bowl with a pagoda-shaped lid used as an incense burner; the Midori Ruri no Junikyoku Chohaia lobed oblong cup of green glass with floral designs on surface that look like tulips; Summie no Dankyu bowa toy designed to shoot balls instead of arrows; a wu-type musical instrument piece made of 17 small bamboo pipes set on a wooden receptacle with a pipe-like mouth piece with images of celestial children, birds in heaven and butterflies; and the Koge Bachiru no Shaku a red-stained ivory foot rule decorated with designs or animals, birds and flowers.
The Kujakumon Shishu no Ban is a Buddhist ritual banner embroidered with a peacock design that was displayed on the temple grounds during religious rituals. The banner is 81 centimeters long and 30 centimeters wide. It is believed to be have been made by court ladies but because there were no peacocks in Japan at the time it was made the design is thought to have come from abroad.
Some of the cloth and textile pieces are in amazing condition considering how old they are. Among the objects from ancient Korea and Tang dynasty A. Some regard Nara as the eastern most terminal and last stop of the Silk Road. Treasures brought on the Silk Road include reindeer antlers, a Persian brocade, an amber and mother-of-pearl inlaid mirror, an inlaid red sandalwood go board of Emperor Shomu The surface of the go board is made of ivory.
On the sides are images of camels and designs associated with Central Asia. The go stones are pieces of ivory died red and navy blue. Both documents presented myths as if they were history, inserted fictitious rulers, and claimed the Japanese had a divine purpose on earth.
It is likely based on oral tradition preserved by court officials who were blind and responsible for ritual and music. The Kojiki is the oldest existing chronicle and oldest book written in Japanese. The Nihon Shoki has traditionally been a source of nationalist propaganda and was required reading for all schoolchildren until after World War II.
Culture in the Heian Period Heian period clothes The Heian period is regarded as one of the great periods of artistic and cultural development in Japan. Beginning at the end of the ninth century, as the Tang dynasty collapsed and contacts with China were interrupted, Japan began to distance itself from it large mainland neighbor and develop a culture that was more uniquely Japanese and simplified and refined versions of Chinese art forms.
The matriarchal family system the dominated Japanese social structures in ancient times was still in place in the Heian Period.
There were female feudal lords, and economically-independent women artists and writers that left a distinct "feminine" imprint on the culture of that time.
Religion to some extent was separated from politics. The conflict between Buddhism and Shinto was dealt with making Shinto gods manifestations of Buddha. And, two important Buddhist sectsTendai and Shingonwere founded by Japanese monks returning from China.
JAPANESE CULTURE AND HISTORY: ART AND LITERATURE FROM THE NARA, HEIAN, MOMOYAMA AND EDO PERIODS
Heian period garments worn by nobles often had multiple layers and took many months to make. Courtiers wore junihitoe, which literally means 12 layers of silken robes but often included as many as 20, weighing several kilograms. The robes often changes according to the season and latest fashions. In the Heian Period nobles dressed in kariginu robes made of silk and ebosho brimless headgear.
Wearing the kariginu straightened the posture and forced one to walk slowly, When doing something one had to use one hand to pull back the dangling sleeves. In the spring nobles wore a white, diaphanous robe over a red inner robe, or visa versa. The two styles white over red and red over white appeared pink, but differed slightly expressing the different shades of the color in early and late spring.
Chinese characters were often unsuited for certain Japanese sounds and priests developed two sets of writing based on Chinese forms. By the middle of the Heian period these forms were unified and simplified into a writing form called kana. As the use of kana become widespread, it paved the way for the development of a unique Japanese literary styles. The first known example of mass printing was ordered by the Japan nun-empress Koken to avoid a recurrence of a smallpox epidemic that occurred in To expel the demons of disease she ordered priests to have the people of Japan build one million four-and-half-inch-high, three-story pagodas with twenty lines of text written inside.
The prayers were made with the world's oldest known examples of copper printing on paper. Tale of Genji Tale of Genji is Japan's most famous classical literary work. Regarded by some scholars as the world's first important novel and the first psychological novel, it was written as an epic poem by Murasaki Shikibua lady from the Japan Imperial court, between A.
It is written in episodes as if serialized in a magazine. It was written mostly in hiragana as women at the time were not supposed to learn kanji Chinese characters. The Tale of Genji story features an expressive narrative and a diverse cast of characters and is filled with details about court life in the mid Heian period and aesthetic pursuits that are still alive today: The main character, Prince Hikaru Genji, is believed to be modeled after Minamoto no Toru, a minister in the early Heian period Genji means the "shining one.
The golden age of Japanese sculpture was in Kamakura Periodwhen wooden statues of a wide range of subjects, including serene hermits, fierce warriors and omnipotent gods, were carved with wonderful detail and realism from blocks of woods fit together. Some the wooden figures feature realistic even humorous poses.
Japanese art - Heian period | omarcafini.info
Famous sculptors include Kokei active in the lat 12th and early 13th centuryand his son Unkei died Unkei produced magnificent wooden sculptures with crystals inset in the eyes. He images of important figures in Japanese Buddhism and known for being expressive and austere.
Kokei worked during the Heian period and early Kamakura period He made sculptures of Buddha from cypress wood. Experts determine works made him based on pleats in clothing and the shape of the ears. Unkei lived in the early Kamakura period The years of his birth is unknown. He develop the Kamakura-style of carving and led the Nara-based Kei school of Buddhist sculpture. He played a major role in rebuilding large temples ruined by battles that took place in the Heian period.
Some trace the tea ceremony back to Eisai See Abovewho introduced to Japan a new method for making powdered green tea. A member of the Rinzai school of Zen, he is said to have brought back tea seeds from tea bushes from China and planted them at his temple.
At that time tea had a number of health benefits ascribed ti it in China and was used to harmonize different parts of the body. Culture in the Ashikaga Period Under the Ashikaga shogunate, samurai warrior culture and Zen Buddhism reached its peak. Daimyos and samurai grew more powerful and promoted a martial ideology.