M. G. Ramachandran - Wikipedia
Sivaji Ganesan, M Karunanidhi, MGR and Jayalalitha in happier times. If MGR and Karuna had a love-hate relationship, it was hatred from the . the hole in the throat closed with a finger and speech therapist Ranjith began. Jayalalitha, no matter a novice in politics at the time, found her ground pretty quickly. Her closeness with MGR was a cause of concern for the. Such an axis strains the relationship between the planets in their periods. He lost to MGR in Saturn dasa and Moon antardasa. . thus giving her a blend of spirituality -cum- counseling - which is likely to make her somewhat.
The two had been the best of friends and collaborators until they reached the pinnacle of fame, wealth and power. Nedunchezhian, to succeed party founder C. In return, Karunanidhi ensured that MGR was made the party treasurer. However, from that point on, there would be a sense of unease. Game of chess They were no more the humble year-old script writer who had discovered his hero in MGR, the handsome year-old, or the struggling actor who had found his muse in Karunanidhi after 11 years of an uneventful film career.
They were now the two major political forces in a party, the DMK, that was too small to accommodate both. The inevitable had to happen sooner or later.
Karunanidhi wanted to emerge out of the shadow of not only Anna but also MGR. The massive mandate in the general election set Karunanidhi free. Or so he thought. Each slight would make the other wary. So in Octoberthey ended their year-old relationship. A game of political chess had begun. Real life began to imitate screen life as MGR painted Karunanidhi the villain.
Karunanidhi and MGR: A checkered friendship, and a lesson in civility and empathy | The News Minute
Inthe roles reversed. Importantly, he graciously noted that it was Karunanidhi who had made this possible for Chief Ministers. But that was exactly what was happening behind the scenes. Just days prior to being sworn in, MGR had sought a merger; talks began though an emissary. Karunanidhi was interned for 40 days.
He mobilized between and to spread and preach his party ambition with films like Netru Indru NaalaiIdhayakaniIndru Pol Endrum Vazhgaetc.
Abdul Latheef in the Vaniyambadi Constituency. But in the months that followed the parliamentary election, these coalitions fell apart.
Upon winning the state elections, MG Ramachandran became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu on 30 Juneremaining in office till his death in Although Anna Durai and Karunanidhi had acted in stage plays in trivial roles, in their younger days, before becoming chief minister, MGR was the first popular film actor to be a Chief Minister in India.
Ramachandran extended unconditional support to the Janata party Government. He continued his support to the Charan Singh Government in After the fall of the Charan Singh government, fresh parliamentary elections were conducted in Congress-DMK victory in the parliamentary election emboldened their alliance and made them think that people lost their faith in M. The ADMK ministry and the assembly were dismissed by the central government and fresh elections conducted in Ramachandran was sworn in as Chief Minister for the second time.
He became the first leader since K. Kamaraj to win a re-election as Chief Minister. During the same time, M. Ramachandran was diagnosed with kidney failure and admitted into a hospital in New York City. Rajiv Gandhi assumed office immediately and this required a fresh mandate from the people. Ramachandran was confined to the hospital. The video was distributed and played across all over Tamil Nadu.
Rajiv Gandhi visited cyclone-hit areas in Tamil Nadu, which also boosted the alliance. The sympathy wave created by Indira's assassination, MGR's illness and Rajiv Gandhi's charisma helped the alliance sweep the election.
R was admitted to a hospital in the U.
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The electoral victory proved the undying charisma of MGR upon the masses. This scheme was at a cost of Rs. A little more thanchildren of the state were benefited. He also introduced Women's Special buses. He introduced a liquor ban in the state and preservation of old temples and historical monuments, ultimately increasing the state's tourist income.
He led the ADMK to victory in the assembly elections, despite not taking part in the campaigning. At that time he was undergoing medical treatment in America and his images were broadcast in Tamil Nadu through cinema halls. He won his seat in a double landslide victory in He still holds the record of being the chief minister with the highest consistent longevity of more than a decade.
Economic data under his rule showed that annual growth and per capita income was lower than the national average and the state went from being second among 25 industrialised states in development after Kamaraj's rule to tenth. This decline, according to critics has been due to shift of government resources from power and irrigation to social and agriculture sector according to Madras Institute of Development Studies reported in In addition, the emphasis on "welfare schemes" such as free electricity to farmers, mid-day meal schemes, etc.
In addition, the liquor tax imposed during his rule was considered to contribute to a regressive tax mostly affecting the poor. Some examples stated by the critics include Goondas act in and other acts that limited political criticism in the media, which led to a "police state" during his administration.
Jaya had her revenge, but Karunanidhi won the war
While these criticisms have been in the minority, supporters of MGR counter that most of these problems were a result of the party members serving MGR rather than the leader himself. While he is not considered a divisive figure in the state, critics and supporters alike agree that his charisma and popularity trumped policy decisions that led to his eventual success during his tenure as chief minister.
Ramachandra covertly supported the cause of independent Tamil Eelam and financed the LTTE and their cadres were being given military training in Tamil Nadu. He also alleges that M. Balasubramanian was sentenced to 3 months in jail by the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly for publishing a cartoon, depicting government ministers as bandits and lawmakers as pickpockets, though specific legislature was not specified. But due to media outcry, he was released and S. Balasubramanian later won a case against his arrest.