Living and Nonliving Things in the Ecosystem | Sciencing
Ecology is the study of the relationship between living organisms and their components of the ecosystem, while non-living things make up the abiotic parts of. Ecosystem: The collection of all living organisms in a geographic area, together with all the living and non-living things with which they interact. . (a) mutually beneficial to both species, For example, relationship between flowers and insects is. The Inter-relationships between Living Things. 1. THE INTER-RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN LIVING THINGS; 2. HUMAN NEEDS Shelter Food.
One organism will likely drive the other out of the area 8. Describe commensalism and give an example of commensalism. One organism benefits, the other is unaffected Spanish moss, barnacles on a whale, burdock seeds 4 9. Describe mutualism and give an example of mutualism.
Both organisms benefit Acacia tree and ants, lichens algae and fungus Describe parasitism and give an example of parasitism. One benefits, the other is harmed Tapeworms, heartworms, bacteria, ticks, fleas, mistletoe What two requirements does an ecosystem have?
Relationship between non living things and living things
Continuous supply of energy A flow of energy from one population to another 5 What type of organism is capable of using and storing energy from the sun?
How must heterotrophs obtain energy? They must consume their food How do detritivores obtain energy? Give an example of a detritivore. They break down dead organisms and return the nutrients to the soil and water Fungus, bacteria How do herbivores obtain energy? Give an example of an herbivore. They eat autotrophs plants Cows, rabbits, vegetarians 6 How do carnivores obtain energy?
Give an example of a carnivore. They eat heterotrophs Fox, Hawk What are the two types of carnivores? Give an example of each type of carnivore. Predators — kill their own food Lion, fox, eagle Scavengers — eat animals that are already dead Vultures, hyena How do omnivores obtain energy? Give an example of an omnivore. They eat autotrophs and hetertrophs plants and animals People, bears 7 What is the difference between a food chain and a food web?
Food chain is one series of trophic levels Food web is an overlapping of several chains A rabbit eats a carrot and a fox eats the rabbit. What level consumer is the rabbit?
Primary consumer What level consumer is the fox? Secondary consumer 8 The study of the interrelationships between living organisms and the living and non-living components and processes in an environment Biome: A major ecological region within which plant and animal communities are similar in general characteristics and in their relationships to the physical environment.
The collection of all living organisms in a geographic area, together with all the living and non-living things with which they interact. A group of organisms of the same kind living in a given area Natural Community: Populations of different plant and animal species interacting among themselves in an area. The specific physical location where a particular organism lives or is adapted to live in a community. The single abiotic factor most lacking in a particular environment is termed a Limiting Factor.
The variation in physical factors that a population can withstand and continue to thrive in an environment is termed Range of Tolerance.Characteristics of Living Things-What makes something alive?
Green plants that carry on photosynthesis. Producers are termed auto-trophs because they are self-nourished — they do not depend on other species to feed. During photosynthesis, plants capture light energy with their chlorophyll and use it to convert carbon dioxide and moisture absorbed from air into sugar chemical energy.
These relationships are either beneficial or harmful to the interacting populations. If you Love your bed,It is a Relationship: What are the differences between living things and non living things? Living things have a specific pattern, or information content, which they reproduce. Life on Earth is based on nucleic acids which contain the information upon which an organi…sm is based, but in theory there could be other ways of doing this. There are non living systems which have some reproductive capability, for example fire, which is capable in the right circumstances of spreading, and causing more fire, however there is no information involved, it is a chaotic system.
Only life combines information and reproduction. You might also argue if you were in an argumentative mood that a CD contains information and can also be copied, however, it takes a living person to decide to copy a CD; they don't act on their own.
The environment: living and non-living things
Some non living things can be once alive and never alive. Example like Book and Pillow they are once alive because the paper in the book is made of trees that are alive and the pillow was once alive because the feather in the pillow was made by the duck or swans feather. Examples of never alive things like fan and television.
Living things have to fit a bunch of criteria: For example, a fire moves and grows as it spreads, but it's not made of cells, so it's not living. They differ in the method of movement. While living things move by using energy, nonliving things move by water, wind, or any other methods of transportation. Nonliving things cannot utilize energy to move. Living things eat assimilate non identical materialsgrow, and reproduce.
Non living things don't. There are 9 characteristics for something to be considered "living".
Firstly and possibly most importantly the object in question needs the ability to grow and reproduce itself.