Romanov Relations of Nicholas II Quiz - By Alba93
Alix had already met and fallen in love with Grand Duke Nicholas, heir to the father, Tsar Alexander III, refused the prospect of marriage. Romanov royal couple and their five children were brutally murdered Nicholas II, Alexandra, Olga, Tatiana and Anastasia are buried at Peter and told The Guardian earlier this month that they wanted the tests done in the. Tsar Nicholas II of Russia with his wife Alexandra and their five children The future Imperial couple first met when Princess Alix, as she was.
Nicholas had several good qualities: But he was also blindly conservative, elitist and racist. Nicholas was at least partly responsible for the creation of the anti-Jewish hoax The Protocols of the Elders of Zion; he was willing to provide moral and financial support to reactionary and anti-Semitic groups like the Black Hundreds.
Nicholas was also an imperialist who associated territorial expansion with success and glory. The ill-fated forays into Korea that triggered the Russo-Japanese wars were largely his doing, ordered against the advice of his ministers and generals. Conventional historiography, steeped in liberal Western animosity towards communism, has tended to portray Nicholas as a pathetic figure: He was a politically weak and short-sighted ruler who was undermined by a domineering wife, a society in transition and a world war that fractured the pillars of tsarism.
- Nicholas II of Russia
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- Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse)
A more realistic study reveals a leader who was more responsible for his own fate than is often suggested. Nicholas was out of touch with his people but no more than other monarchs of his era.
Very early in his reign, he resolved to follow his dead father in upholding and reinforcing the autocratic monarchy. Confronted with some glaring warning signs in — a humiliating military defeat, a frozen economy, political violence and an outraged people — Nicholas ignored them all, promising reform but doing so with no sincerity.
When he signed the April Fundamental Laws, Nicholas might as well have signed his own death warrant. She had been schooled according to the strict, self-denying values of her grandmother [Queen Victoria].
Her attempt to introduce sewing circles among the ladies of the Russian high aristocracy underlined her eccentricity. Alexandra balanced her alien characteristics with a mania for the Russian Orthodox Church.
She had the enthusiasm of the convert in her case, from Protestantism. Her tendency to mysticism and spiritualism was not unusual for the time… St Petersburg was a magnet for religious cranks and faith healers, some of whom were taken in by high society.
The marriage between Nicholas and Alexandra was unusual for several reasons.
From Russia, with love...
Unlike most royal marriages of the 19th century, the union between Nicholas and Alexandra was based on love rather than political convenience. They preferred spending time away from the hubbub of St Petersburg, either at their palace in Tsarskoye Selo, 20 miles outside the capitol or their Crimean resort on the Black Sea coast.
Tsarina Alexandra Alexandra Feodorovna, the Russian tsarina The royal couple pined for a son to ensure the longevity of the Romanov dynasty.
Within months, however, it was clear that the Tsarina had passed onto her son the defective gene that causes haemophilia. In Novemberdiphtheria swept through the House of Hesse ; Alix, her three sisters, her brother Ernst "Ernie"and their father fell ill. Elisabeth "Ella"Alix's older sister, had been sent to visit her paternal grandmother, and thus escaped the outbreak.
Alix's mother Alice tended to the children herself, rather than abandon them to doctors. Alice herself soon fell ill and died on the 17th anniversary of her father 's death, 14 Decemberwhen Alix was only six years old. Alix, Ernst and her sisters Victoria and Irene survived the epidemic, but Marie did not.
After her mother and her sister's death, Alix grew from a happy and cheerful girl into one who was reserved and withdrawn. Alix and her surviving siblings grew close to their British cousins, spending holidays with their grandmother Queen Victoria. Along with her sister, Princess Irene, Alix was a bridesmaid at the wedding of her godmother and maternal aunt, Princess Beatrice to Prince Henry of Battenberg and was also present at her grandmother's Golden Jubilee celebrations in Alix was said to be Queen Victoria's favourite granddaughter.
Princess Alix of Hesse, lower right, with her grandmother Queen Victoria and her four older siblings in mourning after the deaths of her mother and sister. January Princess Alix when she was 15 See also: Wedding of Nicholas II and Alexandra Feodorovna Despite being renowned as one of the most beautiful princesses in her youth, Alix was married relatively late for her rank in her era, having rejected a proposal from her first cousin, the Duke of Clarence and Avondale indespite strong familial pressure.
Though Queen Victoria had intended for Alix to be Britain's future queen, she relented, accepting Alix's objections as indicative of her strength of character. Alix had already met and fallen in love with Grand Duke Nicholasheir to the throne of Russia, whose mother, Empress Maria Feodorovna Dagmar of Denmarkwas her godmother and the younger sister of the then-Princess of Wales, and whose uncle Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich was married to Alix's sister Elisabeth.
Alix and Nicholas were related to each other via several different lines of European royalty: When Alix returned to Russia inthey fell in love.
From Russia, with love - omarcafini.info
Nicholas wrote in his diary: I have loved her for a long time, but more deeply and strongly since when she spent six weeks in Petersburg. For a long time, I have resisted my feeling that my dearest dream will come true. After appealing to the Pope, who refused to even consider the marriage, the relationship ended. Nicholas flatly declared that he would rather become a monk than marry the plain and boring Margaret, who in turn stated that she was unwilling to give up her Protestant religion to become Russian Orthodox.
As long as he was well, Alexander III ignored his son's demands, only relenting when his health began to fail in The tsar and tsarina were not the only ones opposed to the match; Queen Victoria wrote to Alix's sister Victoria of her suspicions which were correct that Grand Duke Sergei and Elisabeth were encouraging the match.
The wedding brought a number of relatives to Coburg, Germany, for the festivities, including Queen Victoria herself who had arranged the marriagethe Prince of Wales, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germanyand the Empress Frederickmother of the Kaiser and eldest daughter of the Queen. The Tsesarevich headed up the Russian delegation, which included three of Nicholas's uncles; Vladimir, Sergei and Paul, and two of his aunts by marriage; Elisabeth Feodorovna who was also the bridegroom's sister-in-law and Princess Alix's elder sister and Maria Pavlovna.
However, after pressure from the Kaiser, who had told her that it was her duty to marry Nicholas, and her sister Elisabeth, who tried to point out the similarities between Lutheranism and Russian Orthodoxy, she accepted Nicholas's second proposal. In June, Nicholas travelled to England to visit her, bringing with him his father's personal priest, Father Yanishev, who was to give her religious instruction.
Along with visiting Alix and the Queen, Nicholas's visit coincided with the birth and christening of the eldest son of Nicholas and Alix's mutual cousin, Prince George, Duke of York and his wife, Mary of Teckand both of them were named as godparents of the boy, who would reign briefly as King Edward VIII in Escorted by her sister, Elisabeth, from Warsaw to the Crimea, she was forced to travel by ordinary passenger train.
Yet as a dispensation, she was not required to repudiate Lutheranism or her former faith. The marriage with Nicholas was not delayed. The marriage was outwardly serene and proper, but based on intensely passionate physical love.
Wedding of Nicholas II and Alexandra Feodorovna
She brings misfortune with her. While Alexandra wished to name her daughter Victoria after her beloved grandmother, the couple chose the name Olga instead after Nicholas's younger sister Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna and because it was an ancient Russian name. Although many Russians and the Romanovs were disappointed an heir to the throne was not born, Nicholas and Alexandra were delighted with their daughter and doted on her.
It was expected that since Alexandra was only twenty three and still young, there would be plenty of time for a son to be born. Coronation[ edit ] Lesser arms of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna Alexandra Feodorovna became Empress of Russia on her wedding day, but it was not until 14 May that the coronation of Nicholas and Alexandra took place at the Assumption Cathedral in the Kremlin in Moscow.
The following day, the coronation celebrations were halted when the deaths of over one thousand people became known. The victims had been trampled to death at the Khodynka Field in Moscow when rumours spread that there would not be enough of the food being distributed in honour of the coronation for the thousands who had gathered there.
The relatively small numbers of police in attendance could not maintain order, and thousands were crushed in the ensuing stampede. In light of these events the tsar declared he could not go to the ball being given that night by the French Ambassador, the Marquis de Montebello. Nonetheless his uncles urged him to attend so as not to offend the French. Nicholas gave in, and he and Alexandra attended the ball.
Sergei Witte commented, "We expected the party would be called off. Instead it took place as if nothing had happened and the ball was opened by Their Majesties dancing a quadrille. Although Alexandra and Nicholas had visited the wounded the day after and offered to pay for the coffins of the dead, many Russians took the disaster at Khodynka Meadow as an omen that the reign would be unhappy.
Others used the circumstances of the tragedy and the behaviour of the royal establishment to underscore the heartlessness of the autocracy and the contemptible shallowness of the young tsar and his "German woman".
While Nicholas was in somewhat of a bad mood due to days spent with "Uncle Bertie" the Prince of Wales shooting in bad weather while Nicholas suffered from a toothache,  Alexandra relished the time with her grandmother.
It was in fact, the last time that grandmother and granddaughter would see each other, and when Queen Victoria died in Januarypregnancy with her fourth daughter, Grand Duchess Anastasia, prevented Alexandra from attending the funeral in London.
Rejection by the Russian people[ edit ] Unlike her vivacious and popular mother-in-law, Alexandra was heartily disliked among her subjects. She came off as very cold and curt, although according to her and many other close friends, she was only terribly shy and nervous in front of the Russian people. She felt her feelings were bruised and battered from the Russians' "hateful" nature. She was also frowned upon by the wealthy and poor alike for her distaste for Russian culture her embrace of Orthodoxy notwithstandingwhether it was the food or the manner of dancing.
She spoke Russian with a heavy accent. Her inability to produce a son also incensed the people. After the birth of the Grand Duchess Olga, her first-born child, Nicholas was reported to have said, "We are grateful she was a daughter; if she was a boy she would have belonged to the people, being a girl she belongs to us. The disappointment only increased with the birth of her subsequent daughters, Maria and Anastasia. When her "sunbeam", the Tsarevich Alexeiwas born, she further isolated herself from the Russian court by spending nearly all of her time with him; his haemophilia did little to distance their close relationship.
She associated herself with more solitary figures such as Anna Vyrubova and the invalid Princess Sonia Orbeliani, rather than the "frivolous" young Russian aristocratic ladies. These women were constantly ignored by the "haughty" tsarina. Tuchman in The Guns of August writes of Alexandra as tsarina: