Australia-Korea relations: Strengthening middle power bonds
Australia–North Korea relations are the current and historical bilateral relations between The Australian embassy in Seoul manages relations with North Korea , while the DPRK embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia, is responsible for relations with . The Australia–South Korea relationship is undervalued and underdone. The still- unfolding crisis on the Korean peninsula serves to underline. Australia–South Korea relations are foreign relations between Australia and South Korea. East Timor · India · Indonesia · Iran · Israel · Japan · Malaysia · Mongolia · North Korea · Pakistan · Philippines · Qatar · Singapore; South Korea.
This is not only due to current ties between the two countries, but also because of South Korea's role in East Asian economic integration. The role played by its main companies in global value chains, as well as the increasingly important role of its economy in services and financial markets are both examples of this.
These industrial links help form the backbone of the whole East Asian economy.
Australian Financial Review
A more sophisticated and proactive diplomacy in the region to protect those interests than deployed so far is urgent. Advertisement On security matters, diplomacy that merely echoes Mr Trump's calls for China to increase pressure on North Korea to curtail its ballistic missile and nuclear programs is only a start in pursuing Australia's national interests in a theatre in which almost half of its external economic assets are located.
AP Australia needs to articulate an approach to the North Korean problem that takes into account the interdependent interests of all key regional stakeholders. It carries exceptional growth opportunities for many sectors that were formerly heavily protected, or in which there was discrimination against Australian imports.
These include agriculture, horticulture and key markets in manufacturing, mining and services. Australia's agricultural exports to South Korea alone are projected to increase by 73 per cent by Like other advanced economies, South Korea faces a number of structural challenges, including a rapidly ageing populationheavy reliance on exports and rising household debt.
But it is better-placed than most to deal with them.
Its negotiation of more than 50 free trade agreements has nurtured a vigorous strategy of liberalisation and economic reform. South Korea's economic relationship with Australia has grown and diversified. Humanitarian Situation The DPRK faces regular natural disasters and ongoing humanitarian emergencies, including food shortages. Inrecord floods and fallout from the collapse of the intra-communist bloc subsidised trading system caused severe food shortages which some sources estimate resulted in up to two million DPRK citizens dying from starvation and hunger-related illnesses.
While the situation is not as serious as during the crisis inchronic food shortages are likely to continue for the foreseeable future. The DPRK was heavily reliant on international humanitarian assistance, but this has been in decline sincewhen the United States suspended humanitarian aid in response to concerns over the DPRK's nuclear and proliferation activities. Serious flooding in September again highlighted the vulnerability of the North Korean population.
Resource shortages and inadequate sanitation facilities have led to serious public health concerns, including the re-emergence of diseases such as tuberculosis and malaria.
Australia–North Korea relations - Wikipedia
Existing health services are unable to tackle increasing health problems and the prevalence of acute malnutrition. Violations extend to the systematic and daily denial of basic freedoms, including freedoms of expression, religion and association, extensive torture, public executions, collective punishment including imprisonment of the families of dissentersand the extensive use of forced labour camps with abhorrent conditions.
The DPRK government subjects its citizens to a pervasive program of indoctrination and close surveillance. Although some households have radios and television sets, reception is restricted to government broadcasts.
All mass organisations are directed at supporting the regime. Community access to the internet is strictly prohibited, with only limited access for select users.
Internal travel in the DPRK is strictly controlled, with a travel pass required for any movement outside one's hometown. Permission is required in order to enter or reside in Pyongyang, and foreign travel is severely restricted. Tourism by North Koreans, even to other communist countries and among the elite, is limited.
Strictly controlled tourism by foreigners to the DPRK, generally on package holidays, is permitted. The report gives a detailed account of widespread and systematic human rights violations, and contains a number of recommendations for the DPRK, other states, and the international community.
The Inquiry concluded that in many instances, the violations of human rights found by the Commission constitute crimes against humanity. Australia urges the DPRK to adopt the recommendations of this report and to cooperate with efforts to hold to account those responsible for grave human rights violations. The DPRK has acknowledged that in the s and s, it abducted a number of Japanese citizens who were forced to teach Japanese language skills to DPRK military and government officials.
While some of the victims have been returned to Japan, the two countries are yet to agree on the number of people affected. Australia continues to work closely with the United Nations, the ROK, the United States, Japan, China and other countries in support of international efforts to bring about an end to the DPRK's nuclear weapon and ballistic missile programs.
It has been reported that the DPRK first began to pursue nuclear technology as early as It has conducted six nuclear tests, the most recent on 3 September Under Kim Jong Un, the pace of testing has increased. In the DPRK conducted two nuclear tests and more than 20 ballistic missile launches. Inthe DPRK conducted over 21 launches including three launches of intercontinental ballistic missiles, and two intermediate range ballistic missiles which flew over Japan.
Olympians from both Koreas marched under one flag. The incident prompted closer coordination between Indonesian and Australian authorities, including regional conferences on people smuggling, trafficking in persons and other trans-national crime. Jemaah Islamiyaha violent Islamist group, claimed responsibility for the attack, allegedly in retaliation for Australia's support for East Timorese independence and the War on Terror. The following year, Indonesian diplomatic and consular premises in Australia received a number of hoax and threat messages.
Since then, both the United States and Australian governments have issued warnings against travel to Indonesia, advising their citizens of a continued risk of attacks. A key outcome was support for the conclusion of a security agreement, later realised as the Lombok Agreement, providing a framework for the development of the security relationship by the end of on defence, law enforcement, counter-terrorismintelligence, maritime security, aviation safety, WMD non-proliferation, and bilateral nuclear cooperation for peaceful purposes.
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono visited Australia in Apriland became the second Indonesian leader to address federal parliament: The day when policy makers, academicians, journalists and other opinion leaders all over the world take a good look at the things we are doing so well together. And they will say: But they now have a fair dinkum of a partnership. During the same visit, President Yudhoyono was appointed an Honorary Companion of the Order of Australiathe country's highest civilian honour, for strengthening the bilateral relationship, and promoting democracy and development.
The decision attracted significant criticism from the federal oppositionand Indonesia threatened to take the dispute to the World Trade Organization.