Pop Art - the art of popular culture
Rosenquist does not glorify popular culture, but he recognizes its power and uses meanings and transforms them in service of his personal artistic messages. Learn about how popular culture influenced modern art. Artists furthered their rising celebrity by producing images of them and their audiences. Innovations in . Popular culture (also called pop culture) is generally recognized by members of a society as a to overlap with those of mass culture, media culture, image culture, consumer culture, and culture for mass consumption. . Art music was historically disseminated through the performances of written music, although since the.
Which are the most important characteristics of Pop Art? Pop Art is characterized by techniques and themes drawn from popular mass culture like comic books, advertising, and mundane cultural objects.
This movement is widely interpreted as a reaction to the ideas of abstract expressionism. Pop Art intended to employ images of popular in contrast to elitist culture in art, emphasizing the mundane elements of any given culture, usually through the use of irony. This was the same culture that inspired artist Andy Warhol to experiment with the technique of silkscreen printing, a very popular technique used for mass production.
MoMA | Popular Culture
Famous Pop Art artist, Roy Lichtenstein developed a style that was based on the visual vernacular of mass-communication: The features of this style were: The features of the Pop Art artworks were: Actually, Pop Art replaced the satirical, destructive and anarchic elements of the Dada movement a cultural movement which appeared in Zurich during World War I and concentrated its anti-war politics through a rejection of the prevailing standards in art through anti-art cultural works by having a reverence for mass culture and consumerism.
In the pop movement food was a common theme, but also household objects as chairs and toilets were made out of squishy plastic rather than the materials normally used. As an example, we have the Soft Toilet by Claes Oldenburg. Which are the main domains where Pop Art emerged? His painting of Marilyn Monroe are the most famous icons of Pop Art. The process he used allowed him to create a large number of prints.
Actually, Warhol used a method of mass production to create his artwork because he thought that celebrities themselves were mass produced. Even more, the labeling on the shipping carton which contained retail items was used as a subject of pop art. He created many large-scale public works. This allowed him to experiment with contemporary images gathered from newspapers, magazines, television and film which he could reproduce in any size and color as a compositional element on a canvas or print.
He used these elements in a way that mirrors our experience of mass-media. Everyday we are bombarded with images from television, newspapers and magazines, disregarding most but retaining a few that relate, either consciously or subconsciously, to our individual experience and understanding.
Rauschenberg's paintings capture this visual 'noise' in a framework of images whose narratives suggest some kind of ironic allegory. Rauschenberg was interested in our changing perception and interpretation of images: The composition recalls early religious icons where the central figure of Christ or a saint would have been surrounded by some smaller narrative panels.
An iconic image of the venerated President Kennedy, the most powerful man in the world who was assassinated in the previous year, holds the central position as he forcefully issues a warning.
He points to the red image on his right which looks deceptively like Masaccio's 'Expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden' c. With the symbolic association of 'red' and the mushroom-shaped cloud hovering above the president's head, this could easily be interpreted as a cold war reference to the Cuban Missile Crisis, ironically using a creation allegory to represent the Doomsday scenario.
However, Rauschenberg is not that simple. While a single apple is a metaphor for Original Sin in Renaissance paintings of Adam and Eve, in 'Retroactive 1' an astronaut parachutes back to earth only to land in an upturned box of the 'forbidden fruit' - a symbol of how man's potential for evil has multiplied in the modern world in Latin, the words for 'apple' and 'evil' are identical in their plural form: Rauschenberg extends his metaphor by illustrating in the top right of the painting what the astronaut is returning to: Eden after the Fall - a world polluted by industrialisation.
He originally worked as a 'commercial artist' and his subject matter was derived from the imagery of mass-culture: Warhol embodied the spirit of American popular culture and elevated its imagery to the status of museum art. He used second-hand images of celebrities and consumer products which he believed had an intrinsic banality that made them more interesting. He felt that they had been stripped of their meaning and emotional presence through their mass-exposure.
Inback in New York, he began teaching at Rutgers University in New Jersey during a flowering of avant-garde activity at the institution. The campus became a site for performances, events and collaborations: Lichtenstein counted among teaching colleagues other important artists including Allan KaprowGeoff Hendricks and Robert Wattswhile students at the school included Lucas Samaras.
The Influence of Art History on Modern Design – Pop Art
But now his paintings began to draw on the bold, arresting designs and narrative drama of comic books, featuring the iconic Ben-day dots that comic printers used for cheap colour shading. His paintings are alive to contemporary obsessions with youth and beauty, the tyranny of consumer objects, and the intense emotional drama of advertising and the mass media.
He used an image gleaned from the s DC comic series All American Men of War to show one plane launching a missile at another, immolating the enemy craft in a ball of flame.
The gender politics in his work remain open to lively, provocative debate: