Why did John the Baptist refer to the Pharisees as a brood of vipers?
John ; , 57; (NW) Christ Jesus warned against the Sadducees' teaching even as he did against the teaching of the Pharisees: both the teaching of the resurrection and that of the levirate marriage as taught by the Pharisees. The Pharisees and Sadducees were the religious leaders in Israel during the time of John the Baptist and Jesus. The Pharisees were the Law-keepers and. Sadducee: Sadducee, member of a Jewish priestly sect that flourished for about two centuries before They came under the influence of Hellenism, tended to have good relations with the Roman As defenders of the status quo, the Sadducees viewed the ministry of Jesus with considerable influence on John Hyrcanus I.
Scribes - Their job was to study and expound the law. The Pharisees were a religious party, whereas the scribes held religious office. Most of the scribes belonged to the Pharisaic party, whereas not all Pharisees were scribes.
Scribes claimed positions of first rank, sought public acclaim of the people and wore long and expensive robes. They were the strongest opponents of Jesus because He refused to be bound by the letter of the law John 5: They kept close watch over whatever He said and did Mark 2: Sadducees - Unlike the scribes and Pharisees, the Sadducees were a political party favorable to the Roman government.
They were priests of Jewish aristocratic class. All Sadducees were priests, but not all priests were Sadducees. They accepted only the written law and rejected the traditions of the Pharisees. They denied bodily resurrection Mark Because of these theological differences, they did not have a cordial relationship with the Pharisees. However, they joined with the Pharisees in confronting Jesus to show them a sign from heaven Matthew They also raised a question to Jesus about the resurrection Matthew Most of the criticism of Jesus was directed against the Pharisees, except on one occasion when He warned the disciples of the leaven of the Sadducees Matthew Herodians - The Herodians were neither a religious sect nor a political party.
They were Jews who supported the Herodian dynasty. They also joined with the Pharisees to oppose Jesus and attempted to trap Him by asking Him whether it was proper to pay tribute to Caesar Matthew Although there were many theological and political differences among these four groups and they hated each other strongly, they united in a common cause against Jesus.
Similarly, His only encounter with the Herodians was when they were incited by the Pharisees to raise the question about paying taxes to Caesar Matthew There is no mention of the Herodians acting by themselves to oppose Jesus. But as mentioned above, His most scathing rebuke was reserved for the scribes and Pharisees.
Sadducees were the modern-day rationalists who did not see any need of God or the supernatural. Following a humanistic philosophy, they put man in the center of the universe as the master of his own destiny. If anybody needed the convincing proof of God and His revelation, it would have been the Sadducees. Or, Jesus could have picked a fight with the Herodians. Like the present-day civil libertarians, they always argued for the separation of the state and organized religion.
Or, like the modern day politicians, they tried to solve all the social and moral problems by the involvement of the government. If anybody needed to be taught that only God can solve the social problems and take care of the need of the human heart, it would have been the Herodians. But Jesus reserved His most scathing rebukes for the Pharisees and the scribes who without doubt were the most religious people of His time.
Like Paul before his conversion, they lived according to the strictest code of the Jewish religious system Acts However, in their close scrutiny of the Law and in their best human efforts to keep the minutest details of the Law, they became blind even to the clearest revelation of the living Word of God. They were very sincere, but sincerely wrong in the value judgments they made about Jesus.
In their confrontation with Jesus, two basic issues were involved: Dispute about His Relation with God the Father The scribes and Pharisees opposed Jesus in relation to His claims of being equal with God, and they objected to every claim that He made about His being equal with the Father: The Pharisees and scribes knew their theology well.Who Were the Pharisees and Sadducees?
As such, it is one of the greatest Christological discourses in Scripture. Herein Jesus makes 5 claims to equality to God: I and the Father are one. As the Gospel of Mark notes: You have heard the blasphemy; how does it seem to you?
Although Jesus Himself never used this title for Himself, the Pharisees and the scribes objected to other people using it for Him. This was another occasion when they picked up stones to stone Him: Again, the scribes and the Pharisees knew their theology well.
Did Jesus belong to a group or sect? | Columns
They rightly understood that only God, against Whom every sin has been committed, has the right to forgive sins and anyone who claims to have that right, or who tries to exercise that right, makes himself equal with God.
Who can forgive sins, but God alone? As Matthew, Mark, and Luke note: What work do you perform? Like most of us, they wanted to see God in great and miraculous things, so when they saw God in the humble servant, even the great miracles Jesus performed did not matter, and they missed the blessing. And so they committed the unpardonable sin, the sin against the Holy Spirit: Therefore I say to you, any sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven men, but blasphemy against the Sprit shall not be forgiven.
And whoever shall speak a word against the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven him; but whoever shall speak against the Holy Spirit, it shall not be forgiven him, either in this age, or in the age to come Matthew So, the first of the two basic issues raised by the scribes and the Pharisees in their opposition to Jesus was their denial of the deity of Christ. Dispute about His Relationship with Man The second of the two most basic issues was about the way Christ related Himself to man.
This is where Jesus gave them various parables: All three of the Synoptic Gospels note the incident about Jesus having a feast at the house of Matthew, the tax collector turned disciple, and the Pharisees and the scribes grumbled about that: Another issue the Pharisees and the scribes raised in opposition to Jesus was that in His social relations He did not observe their traditions.
Many of His miracles of healing were performed on Sabbaths, and the religious leaders saw in it the blatant disregard to the sacred Law. What man shall there be among you, who shall have one sheep, and if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will he not take hold of it, and lift it out? Of how much more value then is a man than a sheep! So then, it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath Matthew Genealogies indicate in writing what a village knows orally.
Namely, the family you were born in and hence the honor ranking you have. Genealogies are, if you will, a kind of a map for the whole community - describing exactly where in the scheme of things you fit. Among non-literate people which in antiquity was about ninety-six percent of the population ; among non-literate people genealogies would be very short.
Only upper class wealthy people have written genealogies. And you understand that the longer the genealogy, the better? Because it means you're from old money not new money. That is, it traces it to the beginning.
That's the longest genealogy possible. Do you understand that in honor claim is being made? In fact we know from Roman texts that people in the Roman world who did become newly rich and wanted to move up the social ladder hired genealogists to create fictive genealogies for themselves and there were a few stars in the pantheon of Roman ancestors they all wanted to be associated with.
For a fee, you could get that association.
- Don Stewart :: Who Were the Sadducees?
Now you have the map that tells everybody where you fit in the pecking order of things and that had an enormous impact on your life. It determined who would speak first in a conversation. It determined who would marry whom and who would do business with whom.
In fact it determined most of the social patterns of your life. It's therefore critically important that everybody in the village know exactly where you stand - because it provides the road map for how you and I are going to interact with each other.
Jesus comes from a no-account little village. We translate it carpenter — it could be a worker in metal, stone, or wood. I don't have time today but to show you just how low on the social scale that really is - It's very near the bottom. People like that don't get up and talk in public. So when Jesus does, It confuses everybody. In the Middle-East they expect somebody born of a great family to be great. You're born of a low family you're going to be no-account. What does not compute in their social compass is somebody born to a low-life family who turns out to be great.