Knapp's relational development model - Wikipedia
Symbolic public gestures; Relationship generates social support; Significant measure of public commitment; "Officializing"; Marks an important. This article describes three studies undertaken to develop measures of relationship level based on Knapp's () staircase model. First, we. Here's a model of stages of a relationship as defined by M.L. Knapp.
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Knapp's relational development model
He developed a theoretical model for relational enhancement which routes the interpersonal development between two people. This helps to understand how a relationship progresses and deteriorates.
Diverse levels of speed and altered time between each step can be seen and experienced when a relationship grows. The steps can be even skipped out while the progression or deterioration of a relationship.
Initiation — This very short stage is all about making an impression. So this stage the judging would not be accurate. People will be concerned with making favorable impressions.
Knapp's Relational Development Model
The physical appearance plays a great role in impression making such as the dress that they wear, the perfume they use and the overall appearance. What is your name? Example 2 — In business relationships overall amiability is essential.
They ask about demographics, professions and other shared aims. It is important in business to create a good impression at the initial stage itself. Experimentation is also called as the probing stage because each person will analyze the other for information or a common interest so that they can decide whether to maintain a relationship among them.
Most of the relationships wind up here due to the different interest levels. Example 1 — When the boy sees the girl the next time they will discuss to find out about their common interest and asks questions like- which is your favorite food? Or which is your favorite car? Example 2 — An exploration into what partner fabricates will add benefit to the business of another person in business relationships.
Intensifying — In this stage the relationship intensifies and becomes less formal. People will start revealing their personal information and will analyze the impression on the other person.
Essential to the intensifying stage are "secret tests"  performed by each individual to ascertain whether his or her overtures are actually helpful in their intensification efforts.
10 Stages Of A Relationship
These tests most often manifest themselves through: Endurance, in which a partner is placed in an unpleasant, inconvenient, or uncomfortable situation or respond to certain requests to determine his or her commitment to the relationship. Public presentation during which a partner is introduced under a particular label such as "boyfriend" or "girlfriend" to see if they are comfortable with being identified in this manner.
Separation, which tests whether communication and feelings of affection will continue despite an inability to physically be together.
Third-party questioning, where one partner may attempt to find out the hidden feelings of the interested party indirectly by asking a friend to probe the person of interest for indication as to their depth of feeling and affection. Triangle tests, in which one partner sees if they can elicit jealousy from the other partner when another person expresses interest in the person concocting the test.
While all five of these methods are common methods of testing intensification efforts, it's important to note that endurance, separation, and triangle tests are generally the least constructive, and can even be destructive when it comes to building the relationship.
In addition to bonding, the integration stage makes up maintenance stage of a relationship. During this stage, the couple is fused and elements of their respective social identities, such as friends, belongings, and living spaces, are now shared.
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- Knapp’s Relationship Model
Other verbal and nonverbal manifestations of the integration include the couple seeing their relationship as special or unique in some way, the exchange of "trophies" for the other to wear or display, and potentially similarities in manner, dress, and verbal behavior can be seen.
This stage puts the relationship on public display and suggests that the relationship is exclusive. This stage often involves marriage or another type of public contract, though marriage is not necessary to successfully bond.
There is usually a turning point that happens in this stage that signals a change in the relationship, making the relationship intimate. Reaching this stage does not guarantee that the relationship will remain bonded, though many intimate relationships will remain in this stage until divorce, death, or another type of separation.
Differentiating[ edit ] Differentiating is a process of disengaging or uncoupling. During this stage, differences between the relationship partners are emphasized and what was thought to be similarities begins to disintegrate. Instead of working together, partners quickly begin to become more individualistic in their attitudes.
Conflict is a common form of communication during this stage; oftentimes, it acts as a way to test how much the other can tolerate something that may threaten the relationship.
Knapp believes that differentiating can be the result of bonding too quickly; meaning, sufficient breadth and depth see: Social penetration theory was not established during the previous stages. A common solution to differentiating is for each partner to give the other some space, though extreme differentiating can lead to a damaged relationship.
Communication is limited to safe topics.Year 13 Duck's stages of relationship breakdown
This stage is marked by less total communication in terms of number of interactions, depth and breadth of topics discussed, and communication occurs in shorter durations. Expressions of love and commitment also decrease. Communication in this stage sees partners saying very little because they "know" how the other person will respond.
Having a bonded, loving, intimate relationship is not only deeply satisfying but adds to your health and longevity. Now your mission is to maintain your close connection and protect it from the inevitable challenges couples face in their lives together.
Be sure you are both committed to putting your relationship first, and that you have a plan in place to nurture your relationship and manage conflict in healthy ways. Coming Apart Phase 6. Differentiating Stage As time goes on and the years go by, the two of you begin to see one another more as individuals than as a couple. This happens as the demands and pressures of life pull you in different directions and create stress and resentments.
Knapp's Relational Development Model
The bubble of romance and infatuation has burst or is not longer impenetrable, and conflicts become more regular. If you are in the differentiating stage. It's very difficult to escape this stage, especially if you're a busy couple with children and career demands. Differing needs and pressures compel you to take out your stresses on one another and protect your turf. It's imperative for the health of your relationship that you take action to heal the rifts and address the triggers for conflict.
This is a great time to find a licensed relationship counselor to help you get back on track and save your relationship.
Circumscribing Stage At this stage, you begin to pull apart even more. You set protective boundaries for yourself, communication devolves and becomes less and less intimate. You may have your own lives, separate friends and activities, and separate spaces in your home.
Arguments push you further apart, and you may avoid arguments because they are so painful, even though the problem or issue stills exists between you. If you are in the circumscribing stage. This is a very painful and lonely time in a relationship. The couple has pulled so far apart they have lost their original intimate connection and respect for one another.
If you want to save your relationship, it is essential you work together with a counselor to heal the damage and define a new way of relating and reconnecting.
You both will need to move past defensiveness, blaming, and resentments in order to build a stronger connection. If one of you is unwilling, there isn't much hope for saving the relationship.