Industrial relations - Wikipedia
The employment relationship can be conceptualised as Alan Fox () main frames of reference; unitarist, pluralist and radical approaches. The three popular approaches to Industrial Relations are Unitary approach, pluralistic approach, and Marxist approach. These varying approaches provide the. types of industrial theory, unitary theory, pluralist theory and radical “legitimate body” (The Approaches & Theories of industrial relations.
HRM : Unitarism, Pluralism and Radicalism | Josephine Tran
Any divergence from these goals or from the shared objectives is a result of poor management that's unable to inspire and clearly articulate what needs to happen.
A strike is considered destructive in this type of approach, because it eats at the overall profitability of the company, which harms everyone.
If you are able to get the buy-in from the workforce as a leader, you are less likely to have subgroups work against the overall goals of the company. Human Relations Approach The human relations approach takes organizational development from a psychological perspective.Brief Intro of Industrial Relations
Its focus is in the positive nature, which is believed to exist in all employees and managers. Leadership maintains an open-door policy, thus the need for unions or work subgroups lobbying for changes becomes unnecessary. This approach assumes that managers listen to the needs and concerns of the workforce, and is reasonable and in alignment with the company's larger goals. As a business leader, you may find this approach to be very idealistic when dealing with large groups of workers.
If you have a few upset but charismatic workers lobbying for change, relations can quickly sour, as the few gather support and the masses' demands grow.
Marxist Approach The Marxist approach believes that conflict among workers and leaders is the result of the capitalistic nature of society and industry. Conflict arises as workers feel more like parts of the assembly, pieces to a puzzle rather than people. The workforce can view leaders as only being concerned with profits.
What are the approaches to Industrial Relations? definition and meaning - Business Jargons
Unions have done much to offset the poor working conditions that prevailed when regulations didn't exist to keep workers safe with fair wages. Participation of government, tribunals and unions are not sought or are seen as being necessary for achieving harmonious employee relations.
The unitary approach is being criticized as a tool for seducing employees away from unionism and socialism. It is also criticized as manipulative and exploitative.
HRM 107 : Unitarism, Pluralism and Radicalism
Pluralistic Approach The pluralistic approach totally departs from the unitary approach. The pluralistic approach perceives: Trade unions as legitimate representatives of employee interests.
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Conflict between the management and workers is understood as inevitable and, in fact, is viewed as conducive for innovation and growth. Employees join unions to protect their interests and influence decision-making by the management.
Unions thus balance the power between the management and employees. In the pluralistic approach, therefore, a strong union is not only desirable but necessary.
What Are the Different Approaches of Organizational Development Towards Industrial Relations?
The theories on pluralism were evolved in the mid-sixties and early seventies when England witnessed a resurgence of industrial conflicts. However, the recent theories of pluralism emanated from British scholars, and in particular from Flanders and Fox.
According to pluralists, industrial conflict is inevitable and it needs to be contained within the social mechanism of collective bargaining, conciliation and arbitration.
Marxist Approach Marxists, like the pluralists, regard conflict between employers and employees as inevitable.