Nile River Facts | Africa Facts
The Mediterranean Sea is at the mouth of the Nile River. TheMediterranean Sea connects to the Alantic Cean, and is almostcompletely enclosed by the. The River Nile is in the beautiful continent of Africa. These rivers meet in Sudan and then go on their long journey northwards for the sea. These countries are Egypt, Ethiopia, Tanzanian, Uganda, Kenya, Burundi, Sudan, Rwanda and. So, the Nile River's mouth is at the Mediterranean Sea. This is on the of the Nile omarcafini.info source is located in the country of Burundi, which is in central Africa. Both of these branches meet together in the Nile River in Sudan. It's important.
Agatharcides records that in the time of Ptolemy II Philadelphusa military expedition had penetrated far enough along the course of the Blue Nile to determine that the summer floods were caused by heavy seasonal rainstorms in the Ethiopian Highlandsbut no European of antiquity is known to have reached Lake Tana.
The Tabula Rogeriana depicted the source as three lakes in Europeans began to learn about the origins of the Nile in the 14th century when the Pope sent monks as emissaries to Mongolia who passed India, the middle east and Africa, and described being told of the source of the Nile in Abyssinia ancient European name for Ethiopia   Later in the 15th and 16th centuries, travelers to Ethiopia visited Lake Tana and the source of the Blue Nile in the mountains south of the lake.
Telles also used his account. The White Nile was even less understood. The ancients mistakenly believed that the Niger River represented the upper reaches of the White Nile.
For example, Pliny the Elder wrote that the Nile had its origins "in a mountain of lower Mauretania ", flowed above ground for "many days" distance, then went underground, reappeared as a large lake in the territories of the Masaesylithen sank again below the desert to flow underground "for a distance of 20 days' journey till it reaches the nearest Ethiopians. A map of the Nile c. Believing he had found the source of the Nile on seeing this "vast expanse of open water" for the first time, Speke named the lake after the then Queen of the United Kingdom.
Burton, recovering from illness and resting further south on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, was outraged that Speke claimed to have proved his discovery to be the true source of the Nile when Burton regarded this as still unsettled. A very public quarrel ensued, which sparked a great deal of intense debate within the scientific community and interest by other explorers keen to either confirm or refute Speke's discovery. British explorer and missionary David Livingstone pushed too far west and entered the Congo River system instead.
It was ultimately Welsh-American explorer Henry Morton Stanley who confirmed Speke's discovery, circumnavigating Lake Victoria and reporting the great outflow at Ripon Falls on the Lake's northern shore.
European involvement in Egypt goes back to the time of Napoleon. Laird Shipyard of Liverpool sent an iron steamer to the Nile in the s. With the completion of the Suez Canal and the British takeover of Egypt in the s, more British river steamers followed.
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The Nile is the area's natural navigation channel, giving access to Khartoum and Sudan by steamer. The Siege of Khartoum was broken with purpose-built sternwheelers shipped from England and steamed up the river to retake the city. After this came regular steam navigation of the river. With British Forces in Egypt in the First World War and the inter-war years, river steamers provided both security and sightseeing to the Pyramids and Thebes.
Steam navigation remained integral to the two countries as late as Sudan steamer traffic was a lifeline as few railways or roads were built in that country. Most paddle steamers have been retired to shorefront service, but modern diesel tourist boats remain on the river.
The Nile has long been used to transport goods along its length. Winter winds blow south, up river, so ships could sail up river, and down river using the flow of the river. While most Egyptians still live in the Nile valley, the completion of the Aswan High Dam ended the summer floods and their renewal of the fertile soil, fundamentally changing farming practices.
The Nile supports much of the population living along its banks, enabling Egyptians to live in otherwise inhospitable regions of the Sahara. The rivers's flow is disturbed at several points by the Cataracts of the Nilewhich are sections of faster-flowing water with many small islands, shallow water, and rocks, which form an obstacle to navigation by boats.
The Sudd wetlands in Sudan also forms a formidable navigation obstacle and impede water flow, to the extent that Sudan had once attempted to canalize the Jonglei Canal to bypass the swamps. The first cataract, the closest to the mouth of the river, is at Aswan, north of the Aswan Dam. This part of the river is a regular tourist route, with cruise ships and traditional wooden sailing boats known as feluccas.
Many cruise ships ply the route between Luxor and Aswan, stopping at Edfu and Kom Ombo along the way. Security concerns have limited cruising on the northernmost portion for many years. A computer simulation study to plan the economic development of the Nile was directed by H. The Kagera River and its tributary the Ruvubu, having its headwaters in Burundi, is now accepted as the true source of the River Nile.
These rivers meet in Sudan and then go on their long journey northwards for the sea. Since rainfall is almost non-existent in Egypt, the Nile River provided the only source of moisture to be able to sustain crops.
Where the Nile Meets the Mediterranean
Heavy summer rains that fell every year in the Ethiopian highlands, sent a torrent of water that flooded the banks on the River Nile. When the floods went down it left thick, wealthy mud black silt which is excellent soil to plant seeds in after being ploughed. The ancient Egyptians could grow crops only in the mud left out when the Nile overflowed. So they all had fields all over the River Nile.
What country does the Nile meet the sea
Reeds, called papyrus, grew along the area of the River Nile. The Egyptians made paper and boats from these reeds.
The Nile also gave the early Egyptians food. They applied spears and nets to be able to catch fish. They would also use and create nets to catch different birds that flew close to the surface of the water. Another way the Nile River helped the ancient Egyptians was with trade. The Nile was the quickest and easiest way to travel from a place to another. The Nile River area was known as the Black Land.
Further from the river Nile was the Red Land, a location of inhospitable desert. Melting snow and heavy summer rain within the Ethiopian Mountains sent the torrent of water causing the banks on the River Nile in Egypt to overflow in this flat desert land.
And this is why the Nile flooded. Which means that by the flood was controlled. Hapi was the Nile god. Honoring a god was crucial, and so very important.
So the Egyptians when a flood came used to thank Hapi for bringing fertility for the land. The River Nile is the longest river on this planet. The Nile River flows into the Mediterranean Sea. The city gave its name to the famed Rosetta Stone, which was discovered there. Unfortunately, you cannot see the stone in its namesake since it was moved to the British Museum years ago.
What you can see is the Rasheed National Museum. Not quite like seeing the stone that was the key to understanding hieroglyphics, but interesting nonetheless as the museum provides a comprehensive history of the city. The museum is open 1—9pm every day except Wednesday. During the British occupation inrevolutionaries in the city decided to declare independence from the Republic of Egypt, and named their city the Republic of Zefta.
Today, Zefta has a number of textile factories that you might want to check out during your visit. You might also want to bring your fishing gear to try and catch your own dinner before you gear up for the drive to your next Delta stop.
Tanta Just west of Zefta is Tanta, the largest and most populous of the Delta cities. Almost an hour and a half away from Cairo, Tanta is known for its bustling moulid celebrations.