Meet the orphans 2: New Generation - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
MTO2: New Generation es el quinto álbum de estudio del artista Don Omar. Cuenta con las colaboraciones de Juan Magan, Syko, Natti Natasha, Zion & Lennox. Meet the Orphans 2: New Generation is a re-edition of the album Meet The Orphans by Reggaeton singer Don Omar. It was released in May 1, An orphan is someone whose parents have died, are unknown, or have permanently 1 Definitions; 2 Populations; 3 Notable orphans; 4 History; 5 In literature . The Women: 2); "Keep a close check on orphans until they reach a marriageable A Greek–English Lexicon, on Perseus; ^ Merriam-Webster online dictionary.
Socially, intellectuals constitute the intelligentsiaa status class organised either by ideology conservativefascistsocialistliberalreactionaryrevolutionarydemocraticcommunist intellectuals, et al. The contemporary intellectual class originated from the intelligentsiya of Tsarist Russia c.
I am a human; I reckon nothing human to be foreign to me.
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Consequently, being designated as a public intellectual is determined by the degree of influence of the designator's motivationsopinions, and options of action social, political, ideologicaland by affinity with the given thinker; therefore: The Intellectuals are specialists in defamationthey are basically political commissarsthey are the ideological administrators, the most threatened by dissidence.
The real or true intellectual is therefore always an outsider, living in self-imposed exile, and on the margins of society. He or she speaks to, as well as for, a public, necessarily in public, and is properly on the side of the dispossessed, the un-represented and the forgotten. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Belletrists were the literati, the French "citizens of the Republic of Letters ", which evolved into the salona social institution, usually run by a hostess, meant for the edification, education, and cultural refinement of the participants.
Historical background[ edit ] In English, the term intellectual identifies a "literate thinker"; its earlier usage, as in the book title The Evolution of an Intellectualby John Middleton Murrydenotes literary activity, rather than the activities of the public intellectual. In the 20th century, such an approach was gradually superseded by the academic method, and the term "Man of Letters" became disused, replaced by the generic term "intellectual", describing the intellectual person.
In late 19th century, the term intellectual became common usage to denote the defenders of the falsely accused artillery officer Alfred Dreyfus. Likewise, in Tsarist Russia, there arose the intelligentsia s—70swho were the status class of white-collar workers. The theologian Alister McGrath said that "the emergence of a socially alienated, theologically literate, antiestablishment lay intelligentsia is one of the more significant phenomena of the social history of Germany in the s", and that "three or four theological graduates in ten might hope to find employment" in a church post.
Moreover, some intellectuals were anti-academic, despite universities the Academy being synonymous with intellectualism.
Germany[ edit ] Habermas' Structural Transformation of Public Sphere made significant contribution to the notion of public intellectual by historically and conceptually delineating the idea of private and public.
In the East[ edit ] You can help by adding to it.
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Such civil servants earned academic degrees by means of imperial examinationand also were skilled calligraphersand knew Confucian philosophy. Historian Wing-Tsit Chan concludes that: Generally speaking, the record of these scholar-gentlemen has been a worthy one.
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It was good enough to be praised and imitated in 18th century Europe. Nevertheless, it has given China a tremendous handicap in their transition from government by men to government by law, and personal considerations in Chinese government have been a curse.
Socially, they constituted the petite bourgeoisiecomposed of scholar-bureaucrats scholars, professionals, and technicians who administered the dynastic rule of the Joseon dynasty.
Manufacturing Consent Addressing their role as a social class, Jean-Paul Sartre said that intellectuals are the moral conscience of their age; that their moral and ethical responsibilities are to observe the socio-political moment, and to freely speak to their society, in accordance with their consciences.A Dictionary of the English Language - Wiki Videos
Marxist perspective[ edit ] In Marxist philosophythe social class function of the intellectuals the intelligentsia is to be the source of progressive ideas for the transformation of society; to provide advice and counsel to the political leaders; to interpret the country's politics to the mass of the population urban workers and peasants ; and, as required, to provide leaders from within their own ranks.
The Italian Communist theoretician Antonio Gramsci — developed Karl Marx's conception of the intelligentsia to include political leadership in the public sphere. That, because "all knowledge is existentially -based", the intellectuals, who create and preserve knowledge, are "spokesmen for different social groups, and articulate particular social interests". That intellectuals occur in each social class and throughout the right wing, the centre, and the left wing of the political spectrum.
That, as a social class, the "intellectuals view themselves as autonomous from the ruling class " of their society.
That, in the course of class struggle meant to achieve political power, every social class requires a native intelligentsia who shape the ideology world view particular to the social class from which they originated.
Therefore, the leadership of intellectuals is required for effecting and realizing social change, because: A human mass does not "distinguish" itself, does not become independent, in its own right, without, in the widest sense, organising itself; and there is no organisation without intellectuals, that is, without organisers and leaders, in other words, without In Russia, as in Continental EuropeSocialist theory was the product of the "educated representatives of the propertied classes", of "revolutionary socialist intellectuals", such as were Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
By means of intelligible and accessible interpretation, the intellectuals explain to the workers and peasants the "Who? Orphans can metaphorically search for self-understanding through attempting to know their roots. Parents can also be allies and sources of aid for children, and removing the parents makes the character's difficulties more severe.
Parents, furthermore, can be irrelevant to the theme a writer is trying to develop, and orphaning the character frees the writer from the necessity to depict such an irrelevant relationship; if one parent-child relationship is important, removing the other parent prevents complicating the necessary relationship. All these characteristics make orphans attractive characters for authors.
Orphans are common in fairy tales, such as most variants of Cinderella. A number of well-known authors have written books featuring orphans. Tolkien 's The Lord of the Rings. Among more recent authors, A. CroninLemony SnicketA. ConiglioRoald Dahl and J. Rowlingas well as some less well-known authors of famous orphans like Little Orphan Annie have used orphans as major characters.
One recurring storyline has been the relationship that the orphan can have with an adult from outside their immediate family as seen in Lyle Kessler's play Orphans. Orphans are especially common as characters in comic books. Almost all the most popular heroes are orphans: Orphans are also very common among villains: Bane, Catwoman, and Magneto are examples.