Ohio River - Wikipedia
This area is where the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers come together. The State turned over the park to the city of Cairo, which just can't afford. Area Map of the Mississippi River Meets the Ohio River Region of the Middle Mississippi River Valley including. Perry, Cape Girardeau, Scott and Mississippi. Mississippi and Ohio River Confluence Meeting of the Waters to help with a water rescue, though there were several occasions when he could have been.
As the river reaches Scott County the Mississippi Embayment begins. Both Scott and Mississippi Counties were covered by swamps with cypress trees and virgin bottomland hardwood forest. At the beginning of the 20th century a group of businessmen set out to transform the swamp that was Southeast Missouri in the largest drainage project ever attempted at the time. The Little River Drainage District, a year project, turned half a million acres of swampy cypress forests into some of the state's most fertile agricultural land.
Cotton became a staple crop in the region and its influence on the region is celebrated annually at the Cotton Festival in Sikeston. Most of the land added to the Forest was exhausted farmland and the Civilian Conservation Corps planted pine trees to prevent erosion and help rebuild the soil.
Ohio River Facts
However, the Forest is also home to many hardwood trees and other plant and animal species characteristic of the region. There are a few cities that lie on the riverbank. The city of Cairo is located the confluence of the two rivers and was an important community during the latter half of the 19th century. Its history can be explored at the Cairo Customs House and several historical homes. Grand Tower is more atypical as it lies directly on the banks of the river.
Grand Tower provides an excellent view of Tower Rock, a landmark rock formation of the Mississippi. One of the most popular tourist attractions in the region is the Shawnee Hill Wine Trail which is a collection of approximately a dozen wineries that are nestled in the heart of the Shawnee Forest.
This region of southern Illinois is particularly colorful in the fall and provides many interesting places to enjoy natures beauty.
Area Map of the Mississippi Meets the Ohio River Region
Trading boats and ships traveled south on the Mississippi to New Orleansand sometimes beyond to the Gulf of Mexico and other ports in the Americas and Europe. This provided a much-needed export route for goods from the west, since the trek east over the Appalachian Mountains was long and arduous.
The need for access to the port of New Orleans by settlers in the Ohio Valley is one of the factors that led to the Louisiana Purchase in Because the river is the southern border of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, it was part of the border between free states and slave states in the years before the American Civil War. The expression "sold down the river" originated as a lament of Upper South slaves, especially from Kentucky, who were shipped via the Ohio and Mississippi to cotton and sugar plantations in the Deep South.
Harriet Beecher Stowe 's Uncle Tom's Cabinthe bestselling novel that fueled abolitionist work, was the best known of the anti-slavery novels that portrayed such escapes across the Ohio.
The times have been expressed by 20th-century novelists as well, such as the Nobel Prize -winning Toni Morrisonwhose novel Beloved was adapted as a film of the same name. She also composed the libretto for the opera Margaret Garnerbased on the life and trial of an enslaved woman who escaped with her family across the river. The colonial charter for Virginia defined its territory as extending to the north shore of the Ohio, so that the riverbed was "owned" by Virginia.
Where the river serves as a boundary between states today, Congress designated the entire river to belong to the states on the east and south, i. Thus Wheeling Islandthe largest inhabited island in the Ohio River, belongs to West Virginia, although it is closer to the Ohio shore than to the West Virginia shore.
Kentucky brought suit against Indiana in the early s because of the building of the Marble Hill nuclear power plant in Indiana, which would have discharged its waste water into the river. Supreme Court held that Kentucky's jurisdiction and, implicitly, that of West Virginia extended only to the low-water mark of important because the river has been extensively dammed for navigation, so that the present river bank is north of the old low-water mark.
Similarly, in the s, Kentucky challenged Illinois' right to collect taxes on a riverboat casino docked in Metropolisciting its own control of the entire river. A private casino riverboat that docked in Evansville, Indianaon the Ohio River opened about the same time. Although such boats cruised on the Ohio River in an oval pattern up and down, the state of Kentucky soon protested. Other states had to limit their cruises to going forwards, then reversing and going backwards on the Indiana shore only.
Both Illinois and Indiana have long since changed their laws to allow riverboat casinos to be permanently docked, with Illinois changing in and Indiana in The collapse took the lives of 46 people who had been crossing on the bridge at the moment of its failure.
The bridge had been built inand by was carrying too heavy a load for its design. Pollution[ edit ] The Ohio River as a whole is ranked as the most polluted river in the US based on and data although the more industrial and regional Ohio tributary, Monongahela Riverranked behind 16 other American rivers for pollution at number From there, it flows northwest through Allegheny and Beaver counties, before making an abrupt turn to the south-southwest at the West Virginia —Ohio—Pennsylvania triple-state line near East Liverpool, Ohio ; Chester, West Virginia ; and Ohioville, Pennsylvania.
Mouth of the Ohio, as it feeds into the Mississippi. Probably a thriving park could do much to revive it. But it should not be a city park or a county park or a state park: A national park overseen by the three states that border it: Illinois, Kentucky, and Missouri.
Louis, along with a handful of others. But it will get inundated, you object. Yes — it WILL get inundated — and that is the point of it. This is not a park about some Civil War battle or some local important man — the appropriate subject for many local riverside parks. The Ohio River drains — what, most of the eastern third of the United States? And all this water flows into the Gulf of Mexico at the Mississippi Delta. Here — as at Niagara Fallsas at the Grand Canyonwater is the power and the glory and the motivating force.
To see this park now — late summer, low water, then to come back in January for some ice, and April and May when only the information building and the bridge would be above an enormous pool — that would tell all of us something of the environment and ecology of these great rivers.