International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IFAMA) - Symposium
Shanghai, China | June 11 - 12, HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT TO MEET AGRIBUSINESS NEEDS Global Commodities Price Volatility (). Green beans in Kenya: Meeting ever more stringent export standards. .. Box Globally agribusiness is big business. 23 World Bank (b). 24 Deuss . firm and the world's leading advisor on business strategy. product, with the agriculture sector employing . The Indian meat industry is estimated at . Projections. Actual. 3,–4, 4,–4, 4,–5, 5, –.
Now factory pig farms dot the countryside, spewing enormous quantities of waste that they cannot safely dispose of.
One of the consequences of this shift to factory farms, not only for pigs but also for poultry and other livestock, has been a massive growth in demand for industrial animal feed.
The average pig raised in a Chinese factory farm eats around kg of grain to grow to slaughter, while a pig raised on a Chinese family farm eats only kg because it also consumes household waste and other non-grain, local feed sources.
China is not only eating more meat these days, its farm animals are eating more crops — much more than what is produced in China.
Every year in Argentina over 50 million gallons of pesticides are aerially sprayed on soybeans. Beidahuang State-owned Beidahuang manages over 2 million ha of farmland in the province of Heilongjiang.
Beidahuang is awaiting approval for a project to developha of rice, maize, and other crops in the Philippines and is reported to have made offers on a number of farms in Western Australia, amounting to about 80, ha of land. Heilongjiang Province, meanwhile, has leasedha of land in Russia. ZTE Corp ZTE, China's largest telecommunications company, acquired 30, ha of oil palm plantations on Indonesia's Kalimantan Island, 50, ha for cassava production in Laos, and a 10, ha farm in Sudan for maize and wheat.
In the Democratic Republic of the Congo it has two pilot farms and aha concession for an oil palm plantation that it has yet to develop. Tianjin State Farms Agribusiness Group Company Tianjin State Farms acquired 2, ha of land in Bulgaria to grow maize, alfalfa and sunflower for export to China and is pursuing negotiations for a further 10, ha.
Major impacts of the industrialisation of meat production in China Industrialisation of livestock production, combined with liberalisation of the soybean sector, have resulted in a number of serious consequences for the environment, public health, and smallholder farmers.
The following is a summary of five major impacts, all of which challenge the notion that industrial agriculture can solve food security needs now or in the future.
WAF-update Newsletter December World Agricultural Forum
The massive increase of animal waste from industrial livestock operations is the main source of water pollution in China today. Rural people who depend on polluted waterways for household and agricultural use are worst affected in the short-term, but the dead zone that has developed in the East China Sea from excess nitrogen and phosphorus — directly related to industrial meat production — is a sign of larger-scale ecological crises in the longer term.
Industrial meat production also contributes significantly to increased greenhouse gas emissions, to the steep decline in indigenous livestock breeds and native soybean varieties, and to the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that threaten human and animal health. Health and dietary impacts 1.
Food safety has become a hot button issue in China along with the industrialisation of agriculture in general and livestock production in particular.
China's urban middle- and upper-classes are eating more meat, more often while spe[d]nding a declining share of household income on food. Rural residents, on the other hand, eat only half as much meat as their urban counterparts, but spend a larger share of their income on food Even though this changing scenario is putting a strain on the responsiveness of our economic and political systems, genuine political action on the issue is yet to be taken.
The Action Plan adopted in the G20 Summit is one of the elements onto which a scheme for coordinated international commitments can be grafted. This plan has already set the stage for the birth of the Agricultural Market Information System AMIS to improve market transparency, and, within it, groups such as the Rapid Response Forum that hopes to promote early discussion about critical market conditions that can lead to common policies to pre-empt food crises.
This type of transparency is important, but may not be sufficient by itself. There is a need for a major coordination of food, agriculture and trade policy at the international level, for instance by taking initiatives to limit unilateral restrictive trade policies, such as the grain export caps put in place by India in or Russia inor more thoroughly discussing proposals such as the creation of an international system of emergency supplies, based on food reserves organised at a macro-area level.China's Role In Global Agriculture
These ideas have been discussed, but unfortunately they remain on paper thus far. It is difficult to talk about coordination when referring to agriculture and food policies. The way that the natural resources are used to improve the standard of life is essential, and a dilemma for the agribusiness.
Foreign trade is the lever to build economic development. It is the opportunity to talk in all competences of the agribusiness.
Agribusiness is the largest segment of the national economy. From GAF16 we expect to boost the agricultural industry to develop increasingly more through good debates.
Thus, increases are planned not only in quantity but also in quality, market that Brazil could lead with its supplies. The event is an instrument for the spread of technologies and for the implementation of new public policies. What is debated in GAF concerns not only the rural society, but the global society.
The country is inserted in a global context, with a relevant importance in this segment. GAF16 is a step forward in the discussions, mainly, of the solutions for what we plan for the future of global agribusiness.