Organized crime - Wikipedia
Hidden History: Where Organized Crime and Government Meet by Charles A. Burris "Taking the State wherever found, striking into its history at any. Dec 16, Last month, Japan's largest crime group split into two main factions. Story highlights He has been covering organized crime in Japan since and is the an emergency meeting to discuss how to handle the crisis, and police .. the group in question, the government said she didn't know that the. Mar 23, Gangster's paradise: how organised crime took over Russia Lose yourself in a great story: Sign up for the long read email In the years since meeting Volodya, I have studied the Russian underworld as a scholar, a government adviser ( including a stint with the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office).
He appears to have fallen foul of the powerful Investigative Committee — the organisation Putin uses to prosecute and repress his enemies — thanks to his involvement in the murder of one of its regional heads. This was not about seeing justice served so much as settling a score.
Gangster’s paradise: how organised crime took over Russia
Amirov was sentenced to 10 years in a maximum security prison colony, and stripped of his state awards including some, ironically enough, given him by the FSB. The very attributes that once seemed to make Amirov such an admirable local proxy — his skill at managing the complex politics of Dagestan, his ruthlessness, his network spanning both the underworld and the legitimate world, his industrial-scale corruption, his acquisitive ambition for himself and his family — all had become liabilities.
The modern Russian state is a much stronger force than it was in the s, and jealous of its political authority. The gangs that prosper in modern Russia tend to do so by working with rather than against the state. If not, you will be reminded that the state is the biggest gang in town.
The yakuza: Inside Japan's murky criminal underworld - CNN
I remember once talking to a Russian entrepreneur whose business seemed to mainly involve unloading poorly made counterfeit CDs on to the market on behalf of some Ukrainian gangsters from Donetsk.
When asked about how he felt about working in organised crime, he airily waved the suggestion away: Unpicking dirty from clean money in Russia is a hopeless task, not least because in the s it was next to impossible to make serious amounts of money without engaging in practices that were ethically questionable at best, and downright illegal at worst. During that time, murder was a depressingly common way of resolving business disputes. Recent research suggests that the contract killings related to those wars likely numbered in the thousands.
Since the 90s, though, the overt role of gangsterism in most of the economy has been declining.
As the former mob lawyer, Valery Karyshev, wrote last year: Contract murders have become fewer, although there are still shoot-outs, even in the centre of the capital. The racket has disappeared in its hard form, although there are kickbacks and raids.
Now, business does not solve its conflicts with the help of bandits and red-hot irons, but in the courts. The first time, thugs appeared at the door and marched their way past the security guard.
The businessman had to call in favours from the local police on order to have them thrown out. The second time, though, the raiders came in the form of lawyers and bailiffs, bearing documents alleging that the property had been signed into their possession in order to discharge a non-existent debt.
Gangster’s paradise: how organised crime took over Russia | News | The Guardian
Research has focused on whether the gangs have formal structures, clear hierarchies and leadership in comparison with adult groups, and whether they are rational in pursuit of their goals, though positions on structures, hierarchies and defined roles are conflicting.
Some studied street gangs involved in drug dealing - finding that their structure and behavior had a degree of organizational rationality.
Also a specified and regular means of income i. Padilla agreed with the two above. However some have found these to be loose rather than well-defined and lacking persistent focus, there was relatively low cohesion, few shared goals and little organizational structure.
List of criminal enterprises, gangs and syndicates
Similarly, the use of violence does not conform to the principles behind protection rackets, political intimidation and drug trafficking activities employed by those adult groups. In many cases gang members graduate from youth gangs to highly developed OC groups, with some already in contact with such syndicates and through this we see a greater propensity for imitation.
Gangs and traditional criminal organizations cannot be universally linked Decker,  however there are clear benefits to both the adult and youth organization through their association. In terms of structure, no single crime group is archetypal, though in most cases there are well-defined patterns of vertical integration where criminal groups attempt to control the supply and demandas is the case in arms, sex and drug trafficking.
Entrepreneurial[ edit ] The entrepreneurial model looks at either the individual criminal or a smaller group of organized criminals, that capitalize off the more fluid 'group-association' of contemporary organized crime.
- Hidden History: Where Organized Crime and Government Meet
- Crimintern: How the Kremlin uses Russia’s criminal networks in Europe
- The yakuza: Inside Japan's murky criminal underworld
The choice to commit a certain act, or associate with other organized crime groups, may be seen as much more of an entrepreneurial decision - contributing to the continuation of a criminal enterprise, by maximizing those aspects that protect or support their own individual gain. In this context, the role of risk is also easily understandable,   however it is debatable whether the underlying motivation should be seen as true entrepreneurship  or entrepreneurship as a product of some social disadvantage.
The criminal organization, much in the same way as one would assess pleasure and pain, weighs such factors as legal, social and economic risk to determine potential profit and loss from certain criminal activities. This decision-making process rises from the entrepreneurial efforts of the group's members, their motivations and the environments in which they work.
Opportunism is also a key factor — the organized criminal or criminal group is likely to frequently reorder the criminal associations they maintain, the types of crimes they perpetrate, and how they function in the public arena recruitment, reputation, etc.