Turkish phrasebook – Travel guide at Wikivoyage
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The settlers built an acropolis adjacent to the Golden Horn on the site of the early Thracian settlements, fueling the nascent city's economy. Constantinople Created in by Cristoforo Buondelmontithis is the oldest surviving map of Constantinople.
Constantine the Great effectively became the emperor of the whole of the Roman Empire in September As the eastern capital of the empire, the city was named Nova Roma ; most called it Constantinople, a name that persisted into the 20th century. The final blow was given by the conquest of Villardouin and Enrico Dandolo in during the Fourth Crusadewhere the City was sacked and pillaged.
The Byzantine Empire was restored, albeit weakened, in Various economic and military policies instituted by Andronikos IIsuch as the reduction of military forces, weakened the empire and left it vulnerable to attack. Hours later, the sultan rode to the Hagia Sophia and summoned an imam to proclaim the Islamic creedconverting the grand cathedral into an imperial mosque due to the city's refusal to surrender peacefully.
Meet me in Istanbul - Istanbul Forum - TripAdvisor
He urged the return of those who had fled the city during the siege, and resettled Muslims, Jews, and Christians from other parts of Anatolia.
He demanded that five thousand households needed to be transferred to Constantinople by September. Religious foundations were established to fund the construction of ornate imperial mosquesoften adjoined by schools, hospitals, and public baths. Two aerial photos showing the Golden Horn and the Bosphorus, taken from a German zeppelin on 19 March Completed inthe Ottoman Central Bank headquarters is seen at left. There is plenty of time left to wander back to the village for lunch.
It is late afternoon before arrival back at Eminonu, but a day well spent. A cheaper and faster Bosphorus cruise alternative is a TRY10 trip on a shorter cruise. The first three have always been in the top tier and have international reputations. Matches between these sides are played in front of fiercely partisan sell-out crowds; getting tickets requires booking way in advance. As the atmosphere is extremely hostile to the away teams, spectators should avoid wearing away team colours after the match, and avoid any signs of crowd trouble.
It's a long way out on the northwest edge of the city, 1 km north of Metrokent station on line M3. It's named for the current Turkish President, who grew up nearby and played football in his youth. It doesn't have a resident team, but several clubs have had spells here when their own stadium was unavailable.
There are plans to expand it to 92, capacity by removing the running track, but this would end its Olympic prospects. Buy from Wikivoyage by User: The currency used in Istanbul is the Turkish lira though the euro and US dollar are also accepted at places frequented by tourists although certain tourist attractions such as the Hagia Sophia only accept liras.
If you are planning to visit Istanbul, bring hard foreign currency and exchange them after you arrive, preferably at a bank or a currency exchange. Exchange only what you need as you will find difficulty exchanging your leftover lira back to foreign currency after you leave the country. Or, withdraw money from ATMs whenever you need cash.
Shops may be closed on Sundays. Most major shopping malls have security checkpoints you usually see in airports and museums prior to entry. Istanbul's historical bazaars with an oriental ambiance, once sitting firmly on the western terminii of the Silk Road and spice routes, all dating back to Ottoman era, are all located in the peninsula of Old City.
Here are some of what are popular to buy while in the city: Turkish Delight, or Lokum as the locals call it. A good buy since you're in Turkey. It is advisable to buy it fresh rather than in pre-packed boxes and to get a variety of flavours rather than the stereotypical rose-water or lemon flavors available abroad. Pistachio in particular is very good.
The best place to buy lokum in Istanbul is from a store. Istiklal Caddesi in particular features a number of stores that sell Turkish sweets by the kilogram including lokum and helvah. There are quite a few shops selling Turkish Delight in the Grand Bazaaralthough unless you are very good at haggling better prices can be found elsewhere. The national drink of Turkey, brewed from leaves grown on the steep, verdant mountain slopes of Turkey's eastern Black Sea coast.
Traditionally, Turkish tea is brewed samovar-style, with a small pot of very strong tea sitting on a larger vessel of boiling water.
Pour a small amount of strong tea into a little tulip-shaped glass and cut it to the desired strength with hot water. Turks usually add cube sugar never milk, although you can often get milk if you ask. Having fresh, hot tea always available everywhere is one of life's splendid little luxuries in Turkey. Turkish Coffee Roasted and then finely ground coffee beans are boiled in a pot cezveusually with sugar, and served in a cup where the grounds are allowed to settle.
A classic of Turkish culture. Nargile hookah It is a single or multi-stemmed instrument for smoking flavored tobacco called shisha in which the smoke is passed through a water basin often glass based before inhalation. Different sizes of nargile make it easier to carry one home with you. Rugs and kilims can be a good buy while in the city. Most rug-specialized stores in the city, though, are aimed at tourist trade, so pick up basics of bargaining to avoid being ripped off at these stores.
They are mostly located around Sultanahmet. A semi-precious gemstone named after the nearby town of Chalcedon, and is sold in many of Istanbul's multitude of jewellery shops. Off the Beaten Path. Places that offer the best at what they do but are not on any of the traditional tourist paths. Best antiquarian bookshop in Turkey, owner knows every Turkish excavation site first hand.
Peerless one-of-a-kind dresses made for royalty from refined, antique Ottoman-era cloth. Offers neo- Iznik pottery after recreating original formulas from original Iznik kilns, which functioned between and Artisans of the time honoured art of candle making, intricately sculpted and aromatic wares make very portable gifts.
Eat For individual restaurant listings, check district articles. Best place to eat meze would be "meyhane". Always a good option for having fast and cheap food. The entrance to Istiklal Street contains dozens of small doner restaurants and they serve almost around the clock; though for a better experience you may want to wander about in residential neighbourhoods, since anything near a commercial or tourist area can be highly overpriced and greatly reduced in quality.
Lahmacun It is "meat with dough", is a round, thin piece of dough topped with minced meat most commonly beef and lamb and minced vegetables and herbs including onions, tomatoes and parsley, then baked.
Lahmacun is often served sprinkled with lemon juice and wrapped around vegetables, including pickles, tomatoes, peppers, onions, lettuce, and roasted eggplant; a typical variants may be found employing kebab meat or sauces. Balik-Ekmek literally "fish and bread" is a fish sandwich served in small boats and little buffets in Eminonu.
A regular sandwich consists of one small fried fish, slices of tomatoes and onion. However, the taste is beyond expectations for such a basic menu.
The price is around 8 TL. Again, it's a local favorite. In Autumn and Winter the Black Sea Anchovy migrate through the Bosphorus, the local fishermen coming out in force to take advantage. All fish restaurants have them on the menu in season. It seems the classic serving is a handful of deep fried fish with raw onion and bread.
Eat the fish whole, it's a winner. Look for the small restaurants behind the fish merchants on the Karakoy side of the Galata Bridgewestern side. Expect to pay TL6. Patso is a type of sandwich consisting of hot dog and French fries. It's usually served in small buffets along the Uskudar coast and a sandwich costs 2.
Even though the profit margin is low, they make a fortune, so they don't lower the quality too much except hamburgers, don't touch those in Uskudar, but definitely try the spicy hamburgers in Taksim. One thing not to be missed is the local ice cream sold at the street stands, called dondurma. While flavors are relatively standard for the region, the ice cream usually incorporates orchid root extract, which gives it an incredibly chewy and stringy texture, also lending itself to be used for marketing and attracting attention while the sellers do tricks to try to sell the ice cream.
Kumpir is a snack which can easily be a full meal. It is originated from Albania but is quite unique to Istanbul in its present form. It consists of a baked potato with various fillings such as grated cheese, mayonnaise, ketchup, pickles, sliced red cabbage, sweetcorn, sausage slices, carrots, mushrooms, and Russian salad among others, any of which can optionally be added to or omitted from the mix.
About TL each. Roasted chestnuts "kestane Kebap, as locals call it are sold from carts around the city, and is a very nice snack to have when the weather is cold, as it keeps your hands warm. Eat in winter time.
Boiled and roasted corn on the cob is sold from carts around the city, and is a fantastic snack to walk around. Price varies from cart to cart and area of the city Don't miss the "simit," a warm bread sold from carts around the city, and is a fantastic snack to walk around. The texture and taste is a bit like a sesame bagel. Price varies from cart to cart and area of the city 0. Also, be sure to try Ayran, a local drink based on yoghurt, although sour and much thinner. It isn't always on the menu or displayed, but it's there, so ask for it.
Freshly squeezed juice and juice blends are sold from stands and small shops all around the city, and are a refreshing treat especially in the warmer months. The combinations range from a simple orange juice to the more rare options like pomengranate or kiwi. Price varies from shop to shop, area of the city and complexity of your order TL. Drink Bebek is small town right on the Bosphorus with fancy restaurants and bars. Great place to have a walk on the seaside after a nice dinner.
Bagdat Caddesi is a very long avenue full of nice restaurants, boutiques and high-end stores located at the Anatolian Side of Istanbul. People from all classes and ethnicity can be found here. It is usually has more easy-going style of nightlife, usually with local pubs and wine houses and traditional meyhanes. If you are not staying on that side of the city, it may not worth the trouble to make an inter-continental trip just to have a drink, but drop by if you are around and thirsty.
It may appear as an intercity call, but it will be treated as a local call in respect to payment. When dialing a number that is on the continent you are already standing on, only 7-digit number is enough. They might ask to make a copy of your passport. You can use foreign phones for approximately two weeks, before the IMSI gets blocked by all carriers except if you're roaming with a foreign SIM card and you need to register the phone, which you can only do every 2 years.
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Every hotel has its own Wi-Fi. Some hotels do have trouble with their network setup or the connection due to the historical location however at the least you will have free wi-fi at your hotel. All you have to do is to learn the wifi password to access the internet. Even the small restaurants now have internet access.
If you are in a Starbucks all you have to do is connect your device and fill out some basic information for verification that you have to fill. After that, you are ready to go. Public center and squares: Municipality of Istanbul provides free public wi-fi in most common city centers and squares. All you have to do is when you are near of one of these centers register your ID via your cell phone and you will get an access password.
Wi-Fi on the Go: You can rent a mobile wifi hotspot during your stay in Turkey. It works based on 3G connection in the whole country, and you can connect up to 10 devices at the same time. These pocket-sized devices can be easily booked online. While there are plenty of international companies that rent a mobile hotspot, mainly two local companies are operating: Rent 'n Connect ; Stay safe As with most European cities, but especially in crowded areas of Istanbul, watch your pockets and travel documents as pickpockets have devised all sorts of strategies to obtain them from you.
Do not rely too much on the 'safe' feeling you get from the omnipresence of policemen. Istanbul is home to three of the biggest clubs in Turkey and maybe European football: Soon thereafter the country instituted secular laws to replace traditional religious fiats and many other radical reforms designed to rapidly modernise the state. In terms of the variety of terrain and particularly the diversity of its plant life, however, Turkey exhibits the characteristics of a small continent. There are, for example, some 10, plant species in the country compared with some 13, in all of Europe — one in three of which is endemic to Turkey.
Indeed, there are more species in Istanbul Province 2, than in the whole of the United Kingdom. While many people know of Turkey's rich archaeological heritage, it possesses an equally valuable array of ecosystems — peat bogs, heath lands, steppes, and coastal plains.
Turkey possesses much forest about a quarter of the land but, as importantly, some half of the country is semi-natural landscape that has not been entirely remodelled by man. Influences from the Caucasus add to the mix in the northeast part of the country.
It can be simply put that Turkey is the most oriental of western nations, or, depending on the point of view, the most occidental of eastern nations. Perhaps one thing common to all of the country is Islam, the faith of the bulk of the population. However, interpretation of it varies vastly across the country: The rest of the country falls somewhere in between, with the coastal regions being relatively liberal while inland regions are relatively conservative as a general rule.
Other religious minorities—the Greek Orthodox, Armenian Apostolic, Jews, Syriac Oriental Orthodox, and Roman Catholics, the latter of whom mainly settled in Turkey within the last years from Western European countries—once numerous across the country, are now mostly confined to the large cities of Istanbul and Izmiror parts of Southeastern Anatolia in the case of the Syriac Oriental Orthodox.
Despite its large Muslim majority population, Turkey officially remains a secular country, with no declared state religion. Holidays[ edit ] The savvy traveller should remember that when travelling into, in or around Turkey there are several holidays to keep in mind as they can cause delays in travel, traffic congestion, booked up accommodations and crowded venues.
Banks, offices and businesses are closed during official holidays and traffic intensifies during all of the following holidays so do your research before you visit. Do not be put off by these holidays, it is not that difficult and often quite interesting to travel during Turkish holidays, simply plan ahead as much as possible. Official holidays[ edit ] 1 January: Worker's Day was long banned as a holiday for almost 40 years and only restarted as a national holiday in because in years past it usually degenerated into violence.
The wary traveller would be advised to not get caught in the middle of a May Day parade or gathering. A big Armed Forces day and display of military might by huge military parades. If it falls on a Thursday for example, Friday and the weekend should be considered in your travel plans.
October 29 is the official end of the tourist season in many resorts in Mediterranean Turkey and usually there is a huge celebration at the town squares. That moment in time is officially observed throughout the country but businesses and official places are not closed for the day.
However, do not be surprised if you are on the street, you hear a loud boom and all of a sudden people and traffic stop on the sidewalks and streets for a moment of silence in observance of this event. Religious holidays[ edit ] Ramadan Ramadan is the 9th and holiest month in the Islamic calendar and lasts 29—30 days. Muslims fast every day for its duration and most restaurants will be closed until the fast breaks at dusk.