List of athletics events - Wikipedia
Definition of sport - an activity involving physical exertion and skill in which an 'I have assumed the name was given more or less in sport' Word of the Day. Field days (American English) or Sports days (British English) are events staged by many schools and offices in which people participate in competitive sporting. Meet definition is - to come into the presence of: find. How to use meet in a of meet (Entry 2 of 3). 1: the act of assembling for a hunt or for competitive sports.
Spectators would gamble on the outcome of the walking competitions. Racewalking was briefly dropped from the Olympic programme inbut the men's 50 kilometres race walk has been held at every Olympic Games but one since The men's 20 kilometres race walk was added to the Olympic athletics schedule in and the women's event was first held in Categories[ edit ] Masters athleticsthe age groups spanning five years for athletes aged 35 and above.
Senior athletics, open class with no upper age limit but, some limitations on younger people competing in endurance events Under 23athlete under the age of 23 years Juniorathlete under the age of 20 years Youthathlete under the age of 18 years Athletes with disabilities[ edit ] Competitor in a wheelchair race at the Summer Paralympics. Athletes with physical disabilities have competed at separate international events since The International Paralympic Committee governs the competitions in athletics, and hosts the Paralympic Gameswhich have continued since A classified T12 athlete for example, is a track athlete with a visual impairment.
Compete with a sighted guide. Most major marathons have wheelchair divisions and the elite racers consistently beat the runners on foot.
The speed of wheel chair racers has caused difficulties for race organisers in properly staggering their start times compared to runners. A collision between Josh Cassidy a wheelchair racer and Tiki Gelana a leading female marathoner at the London Marathon brought the issue into the spotlight again.
Legally blind Marla Runyan ran in the and Olympics and won a gold medal in the metres at the Pan American Games. Oscar Pistoriusa double amputee, has competed in the Olympics. Alice Milliat argued for the inclusion of women at the Olympics, but the International Olympic Committee refused. She founded the International Women's Sports Federation in and, alongside a growing women's sports movement in Europe and North America, the group initiated of the Women's Olympiad held annually from to These events ultimately led to the introduction of five track and field events for women in the athletics at the Summer Olympics.
Also inphysical education advocate Zhang Ruizhen called for greater equality and participation of women in Chinese track and field. Marking an increasingly inclusive approach to the sport, major track and field competitions for disabled athletes were first introduced at the Summer Paralympics.
Carl Lewis was among the athletes who helped increase track and field's profile. With the rise of numerous regional championships, as well as the growth in Olympic-style multi-sport events such as the Commonwealth Games and the Pan-American Gamescompetitions between international track and field athletes became widespread.
Track and field - Wikipedia
From the s onwards, the sport gained more exposure and commercial appeal through television coverage and the increasing wealth of nations. After over half a century of amateurism, the amateur status of the sport began to be displaced by growing professionalism in the late s.
Many world records were broken in this period, and the added political element between competitors of the United States, East Germanyand the Soviet Union, in reaction to the Cold Waronly served to stoke the sport's popularity.
The increase in the commercial capacity of track and field was also met with developments in the application of sports scienceand there were many changes to coaching methods, athlete's diet regimes, training facilities and sports equipment.
This was also accompanied by an increase in the use of performance-enhancing drugs. State-sponsored doping in s and s East Germanythe Soviet Union and early 21st century Russiaas well as prominent individual cases such as those of Olympic gold medallists Ben Johnson and Marion Jonesdamaged the public image and marketability of the sport.
List of multi-sport events
From the s onwards, track and field became increasingly more professional and international, as the IAAF gained over two hundred member nations. Inthe series was replaced by the more lucrative IAAF Diamond Leaguea fourteen-meeting series held in Europe, Asia, North America and the Middle East—the first ever worldwide annual series of track and field meetings. Opportunities for working classes to participate in sport were restricted by their long six-day work weeks and Sunday Sabbatarianism.
In the UK, the Factory Act of gave working men half a day off, making the opportunity to take part in sport more widely available. Working class sportsmen found it hard to play top level sport due to the need to turn up to work.
Track and field
On occasion, cash prizes, particularly in individual competitions, could make up the difference;  some competitors also wagered on the outcomes of their matches. As professional teams developed, some clubs were willing to make "broken time" payments to players, i.
Proponents of the amateur ideal deplored the influence of money and the effect it has on sports. It was claimed that it is in the interest of the professional to receive the highest amount of pay possible per unit of performance, not to perform to the highest standard possible where this does not bring additional benefit.
The middle and upper class men who dominated the sporting establishment not only had a theoretical preference for amateurism, they also had a self-interest in blocking the professionalization of sport, which threatened to make it feasible for the working classes to compete against themselves with success. Working class sportsmen didn't see why they shouldn't be paid to play. Hence there were competing interests between those who wished sport to be open to all and those who feared that professionalism would destroy the 'Corinthian spirit'.
Meet | Definition of Meet by Merriam-Webster
This conflict played out over the course of more than one hundred years. Some sports dealt with it relatively easily, such as golfwhich decided in the late 19th century to tolerate competition between amateurs and professionals, while others were traumatized by the dilemma, and took generations to fully come to terms with professionalism even to a result of causing a breakdown in the sport as in the case of rugby union and rugby league in Corinthian[ edit ] Corinthian has come to describe one of the most virtuous of amateur athletes—those for whom fairness and honor in competition is valued above victory or gain.
Dixon Kemp wrote in A Manual of Yacht and Boat Sailing published in"The term Corinthian half a century ago was commonly applied to the aristocratic patrons of sports, some of which, such as pugilismare not now the fashion.
In the United States, "Corinthian" came to be applied in particular to amateur yachtsman, and remains current as such and in the name of many yacht clubs ; including Seawanhaka Corinthian Yacht Club foundedadded "Corinthian" to name in  and Yale Corinthian Yacht Club likewise and