Indiana - Wikipedia
Ohio /oʊˈhaɪoʊ/ (About this sound listen) is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of Ohio rose from the wilderness of Ohio Country west of Appalachia in colonial The border with Michigan has also changed, as a result of the Toledo War, No Republican has ever won the presidency without winning Ohio. The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, . As a result, prairies cover most of the Great Plains states. . and the Red Ochre and Old Copper cultures across much of northern Ohio. Many Algonquian peoples of the Great Lakes region also claim such stories in their oral histories. Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The state's As a result, it is one of the leading U.S. states for recreational boating. and trade in the Great Lakes region and a popular immigrant destination in the late It is home to the country's three major automobile companies (whose.
By the s, Michigan had 80, residents, more than enough to apply and qualify for statehood.
Congress awarded the "Toledo Strip" to Ohio. Michigan received the western part of the Upper Peninsula as a concession and formally entered the Union as a free state on January 26, The Upper Peninsula proved to be a rich source of lumber, iron, and copper. Michigan led the nation in lumber production from the s to the s. Railroads became a major engine of growth from the s onward, with Detroit the chief hub.
A second wave of French-Canadian immigrants settled in Michigan during the late 19th to early 20th century, working in lumbering areas in counties on the Lake Huron side of the Lower Peninsula, such as the Saginaw Valley, Alpena, and Cheboygan counties, as well as throughout the Upper Peninsula, with large concentrations in Escanaba and the Keweenaw Peninsula.
The first statewide meeting of the Republican Party took place July 6,in Jackson, Michiganwhere the party adopted its platform. The state was heavily Republican until the s.
Michigan made a significant contribution to the Union in the American Civil War and sent more than forty regiments of volunteers to the federal armies. Modernizers and boosters set up systems for public education, including founding the University of Michiganmoved to Ann Arbor in for a classical academic education; and Michigan State Normal Schoolnow Eastern Michigan Universityfor the training of teachers. It adopted this model from the German educational system.
InMichigan State became the first normal college in the nation to offer a four-year curriculum. Michigan Agricultural Collegenow Michigan State University in East Lansing, was founded as the pioneer land-grant collegea model for those authorized under the Morrill Act Many private colleges were founded as well, and the smaller cities established high schools late in the century. History of Ford Motor Company Bs under construction at Ford's Willow Run line, Michigan's economy underwent a transformation at the turn of the 20th century.
Many individuals, including Ransom E. Like the steamship and railroad, mass production of automobiles was a far-reaching development.
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More than the forms of public transportation, the affordable automobile transformed private life. Automobile production became the major industry of Detroit and Michigan, and permanently altered the socio-economic life of the United States and much of the world.
With the growth, the auto industry created jobs in Detroit that attracted immigrants from Europe and migrants from across the United States, including both blacks and whites from the rural South. ByDetroit was the fourth-largest city in the US.
Residential housing was in short supply, and it took years for the market to catch up with the population boom. By the s, so many immigrants had arrived that more than 30 languages were spoken in the public schools, and ethnic communities celebrated in annual heritage festivals. Over the years immigrants and migrants contributed greatly to Detroit's diverse urban culture, including popular music trends. The influential Motown Sound of the s was led by a variety of individual singers and groups.
Skyscrapers in downtown Detroit Grand Rapidsthe second-largest city in Michigan, is also an important center of manufacturing.
Sincethe city has been noted for its furniture industry. In the 21st century, it is home to five of the world's leading office furniture companies. Grand Rapids is home to a number of major companies including SteelcaseAmwayand Meijer.
Michigan held its first United States presidential primary election in With its rapid growth in industry, it was an important center of industry-wide union organizing, such as the rise of the United Auto Workers. Throughout that decade, some of the country's largest and most ornate skyscrapers were built in the city.
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In a school bombing took place in Clinton County. The Bath School disasterperpetrated by an adult man, resulted in the deaths of 38 schoolchildren and constitutes the deadliest mass murder in a school in U. Michigan converted much of its manufacturing to satisfy defense needs during World War II; it manufactured After World War IIhousing was developed in suburban areas outside city cores to meet demand for residences.
In a period of a few years, British colonists arrived from the East and contended against the Canadians for control of the lucrative fur trade.
Fighting between the French and British colonists occurred throughout the s as a result. With British victory inthe French were forced to cede to the British crown all their lands in North America east of the Mississippi River and north and west of the colonies.
The tribes in Indiana did not give up: The British royal proclamation of designated the land west of the Appalachians for Native American use, and excluded British colonists from the area, which the Crown called "Indian Territory". Inthe American Revolutionary War began as the colonists sought self-government and independence from the British. The majority of the fighting took place near the East Coast, but the Patriot military officer George Rogers Clark called for an army to help fight the British in the west.
His success is often credited for changing the course of the American Revolutionary War. The frontier[ edit ] Above: Mary's which greatly expanded the region. Note the inaccurate placement of Lake Michigan.
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InCongress separated Ohio from the Northwest Territory, designating the rest of the land as the Indiana Territory. About half the state was acquired in the Treaty of St.
Mary's from the Miami in Purchases weren't complete until the Treaty of Mississinewas in acquired the last of the reserved Native American lands in the northeast. A portrait of the Indiana frontier about The frontier was defined by the Treaty of Fort Wayne inadding much of southwestern lands around Vincennes and southeastern lands adjacent to Cincinnati, to areas along the Ohio River as part of U.
Indianapolis would not be a populated place for 15 more years, and central and northern Indiana Territory remained savage wilderness. Native American presence was waning, but still a threat to settlement. Only two counties, Clark and Dearborn in the extreme southeast, had been organized.
Land titles issued out of Cincinnati were sparse. In the Shawnee chief Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa encouraged other tribes in the territory to resist European settlement. Tecumseh was killed in during the Battle of Thames. After his death, armed resistance to United States control ended in the region. Most Native American tribes in the state were later removed to west of the Mississippi River in the s and s after US negotiations and purchase of their lands.
An Enabling Act was passed to provide an election of delegates to write a constitution for Indiana. On June 10,delegates assembled at Corydon to write the constitution, which was completed in 19 days. President James Madison approved Indiana's admission into the union as the nineteenth state on December 11, The largest immigrant group to settle in Indiana were Germansas well as numerous immigrants from Ireland and England.
Following statehood, the new government worked to transform Indiana from a frontier into a developed, well-populated, and thriving state, beginning significant demographic and economic changes. The state's founders initiated a program, Indiana Mammoth Internal Improvement Act, that led to the construction of roads, canalsrailroads and state-funded public schools. The plans bankrupted the state and were a financial disaster, but increased land and produce value more than fourfold.Men's 10K Race - 2016 NCAA D1 XC Great Lakes Regional
Among its provisions were a prohibition on public debt and extension of suffrage to African-Americans. Indiana in the American Civil War During the American Civil WarIndiana became politically influential and played an important role in the affairs of the nation. As the first western state to mobilize for the United States in the war, Indiana had soldiers participating in all of the major engagements.
Please expand the article to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page. January Indiana remained a largely agricultural state; post-war industries included food processing, such as milling grain, distilling it into alcohol, and meatpacking; building of wagons, buggies, farm machinery, and hardware.
Early 20th century[ edit ] Child laborers in glassworks, by Lewis Hine. With the onset of the industrial revolution, Indiana industry began to grow at an accelerated rate across the northern part of the state.