Abigail Adams - Wikipedia
America's Story from America's Library Meet Amazing Americans Jump Back in Time Abigail Smith married John Adams, a young lawyer, on October 25, , . Abigail Adams was the wife and closest advisor of John Adams, as well as the mother of John Quincy Adams. She is sometimes considered to have been a. John Adams meets and begins to court Abigail Adams; Boston Tea party; Although John did not witness the event, he had some of the most.
Although John Adams was not from a prominent family, the couple was well matched intellectually and the marriage was a happy one.
He admired and encouraged Abigail's outspokenness and intelligence. She supported him by running the family farm, raising their children, listening to him, and trying to help him with his problems. Early political years During the first few years of their marriage, John Adams lived mostly in Boston, Massachusetts, building his law career and becoming involved with the growing political unrest.
This political unrest was brought about by the English government's attempts to tighten control over its colonies through the passage of laws and new taxes that many colonists did not support.
Abigail, however, remained at Braintree later QuincyMassachusetts, to run the family farm. Although women at that time did not normally handle business affairs, Abigail traded livestock, hired help, bought land, oversaw construction, and supervised the planting and harvesting.
During the next few years, hostilities between the American colonies and Great Britain increased, forcing John Adams away from home more often. He was chosen as a delegate to the First Continental Congress.
The congress was a group of colonial representatives who met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on September 5,and took a stand against the British government's policy of passing laws over the colonists without colonial representation. He traveled constantly in addition to those duties, trying to earn as much money as he could practicing law.
He tried to make these difficult times easier by writing long letters to Abigail, sometimes several a day. She, in turn, wrote to her husband of her own loneliness, doubts, and fears. She suffered from migraines and chronic insomnia. Despite her own bouts with illness, she gave birth to five children. One daughter, Susanna, born inlived for only a year. The Congress also set up a government for the colonies. A year later, on July 4,the Congress approved the Declaration of Independence, in which the American colonies declared their independence from the government of Great Britain.
During the war Abigail provided meals and lodging to soldiers who stopped at the Adams' home at all hours of the day Abigail Adams.
Abigail Adams Biography
In the fall ofthe inhabitants of Braintree suffered an epidemic of dysentery, an often-fatal bowel infection. Abigail had to nurse her sick relatives in addition to caring for her children. Her mother and five other members of her family eventually died from the illness. As the fighting drew closer to Boston, Abigail Adams wrote many letters describing the events of the time. In a letter written in Marchshe urged her husband to take women's rights into consideration if and when the colonies gained independence: He took one or two of his sons on these assignments, which continued after the war ended, giving America its independence from Great Britain in These constant separations were difficult for Abigail Adams, but she supported her husband.
She wrote that she "found his honor and reputation much dearer to [her] than [her] own present pleasure and happiness. During the years in Europe, Abigail acted as hostess for both political and social gatherings and as an advisor to her husband. In Aprilfive years after Abigail's arrival, the family returned home. John Adams is elected After the American Revolution ended, the newly independent country of the United States needed a president.
When the votes were counted in MarchGeorge Washington — was the clear presidential winner. At the time, the person with the most votes became president, while the person with the next largest number became vice president.
John Adams placed second and became vice president. Although Abigail Adams had been upset by her husband's earlier political assignments, which forced him to be away from home for years at a time, she fully supported his decision to accept the vice presidency.
The family moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where the federal government was located at the time. Thomas Boylston Adams — Elizabeth stillborn in  Her childrearing style included relentless and continual reminders of what the children owed to virtue and the Adams tradition. Letters exchanged throughout John's political obligations indicate his trust in Abigail's knowledge was sincere.
Abigail Smith Married John Adams
Like her husband, Abigail often quoted literature in her letters. Historian David McCullough claims that she did so "more readily" than her husband.
Their correspondence illuminated their mutual emotional and intellectual respect. John often excused himself to Abigail for his "vanity",  exposing his need for her approval.
He moved the family to Boston in Aprilrenting a clapboard house on Brattle Street that was known locally as the "White House. Inhe moved Abigail and the children to Braintree, but he kept his office in Boston, hoping the time away from his family would allow him to focus on his work.
Abigail Adams - HISTORY
Nevertheless, after some time in the capital, he became disenchanted with the rural and "vulgar" Braintree as a home for his family. In Augusttherefore, Adams moved his family back to Boston. He purchased a large brick house on Queen Street, not far from his office.
Investments made through her uncle Cotton Tufts in debt instruments issued to finance the Revolutionary War were rewarded after Alexander Hamilton's First Report on the Public Credit endorsed full federal payment at face value to holders of government securities. Abigail had dreaded the thought of the long sea voyage, but in fact found the journey interesting.
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At first she found life in Paris difficult, and was rather overwhelmed by the novel experience of running a large house with a retinue of servants. However, as the months passed she began to enjoy herself: Aftershe filled the role of wife of the first U.
In contrast to Paris, Abigail disliked Londonwhere she had few friends and was in general cold-shouldered by polite society. One pleasant experience was her temporary guardianship of Thomas Jefferson's young daughter Mary Pollyfor whom Abigail came to feel a deep and lifelong love.
She and John returned in to a house known as the " Old House " in Quincy, which she set about vigorously enlarging and remodeling. It is still standing and open to the public as part of Adams National Historical Park.
She was so politically active, her political opponents came to refer to her as "Mrs. Charles' daughter, Suzannah, was just 3 years old in when Adams brought her to live in the President's House in Philadelphia days before Charles' death. She found the unfinished mansion in Washington "habitable" and the location "beautiful"; but she complained that, despite the thick woods nearby, she could find no one willing to chop and haul firewood for the First Family.
Abigail did use the East Room of the White House to hang up the laundry.