India–Nepal relations - Wikipedia
The outcome of Nepal Prime Minister Koli Sharma Oli's visit suggests relations between the two countries are in a reboot mode. In his first visit to India, Nepal's prime minister focused on the the treaty, which has served as the bedrock of bilateral relation since There are multiple levels of relationship between India and Nepal. This article deals exclusively with their bilateral transit relations, focusing on their negotiations.
This brought the Maoists to power and saw the emergence of the Madhesi community as a political force. A year-old monarchy was abolished.
A reset in India–Nepal relations | East Asia Forum
The constitutional drafting process was meant to be completed in two years but remained unfinished untilwhen the Supreme Court intervened. Fresh elections were held for a new Constituent Assembly in Nepal has been traditionally ruled by individuals from the hill elites groups Bahuns and Chhetris largely who constitute 29 per cent of the population.
Madhesis inhabit the Terai, the plains bordering India, and constitute 35 per cent of the population. The controversy should be addressed before there are diplomatic tensions between the two nations.
The third event was related to the intra-party political dynamics of Nepal and its relationship with the external political environment. It has always been speculated that Prachanda and Oli had some sort of undisclosed understanding for party unification and power-sharing prior to the parliamentary elections held at the end of Prachanda, who met a wide range of high-ranking leaders and officials including Modi during his visit, seems to have used this opportunity of being received in New Delhi as a tool to bargain with Oli in the quest to control the internal political dynamics of their party.
Nepal has attained political stability after decades of problems and a strong government with a broad mandate has been formed. Moves to destabilize the government to serve personal interests cannot be accepted by the people. If the government starts acting against the wishes of the people, then it will surely meet its deserved fate in the next elections. It would be in the best interests of both nations if India works in close coordination with the incumbent prime minister and government of Nepal rather than putting out feelers for someone else.
Although the above-mentioned events appear minor, they could very well lead to a gradual decline in mutual trust. Therefore, diplomatic irritants should be nipped in the bud so that the bilateral relationship between Nepal and India, which has been flourishing recently, can reach its full potential.
Asia Times is not responsible for the opinions, facts or any media content presented by contributors. Nepalese leaders asserted the position that as per the UN charter, transit privileges were "a fundamental and a permanent right of a land-locked country" and thus India's demand for a single treaty was unacceptable.
- Removal of mistrust in Nepal-India relations
- History of India-Nepal Relations
For example, preferential customs and transit duties on Nepalese goods entering or passing through India whether imports or exports were discontinued.
Thereafter India let agreements relating to oil processing and warehouse space in Calcutta for goods destined to Nepal expire. Aside from these sanctions, India cancelled all trade credits it had previously extended to Nepal on a routine basis. India retaliated by denying port facilities in Calcutta to Nepal, thereby preventing delivery of oil supplies from Singapore and other sources.
Nepal's GDP growth rate plummeted from 9.
Shortly after the imposition of sanctions, Nepal experienced serious deficiencies of important goods such as coal, fuel, oil, medicine and spare parts.
From one of the most thriving economies in Asia, Nepal was now quickly finding itself in the league of World's poorest nation.
After failing to receive support from wider international community, Nepalese government backed down from its position to avoid the worsening economic conditions. Indian government, with the help of Nepalese opposition parties operating from India, managed to bring a change in Nepal's political system, in which the king was forced to institute a parliamentary democracy.
A reset in India–Nepal relations
The new government, led by pro-India parties, sought quick restoration of amicable relations with India. Singhafter India ended its month-long economic blockade of Nepal.
During the December visit to India by Nepalese prime minister Girija Prasad Koiralathe two countries signed new, separate trade and transit treaties and other economic agreements designed to accord Nepal additional economic benefits. Indian-Nepali relations appeared to be undergoing still more reassessment when Nepal's prime minister Man Mohan Adhikary visited New Delhi in April and insisted on a major review of the peace and friendship treaty which Nepal believed was enabling an ongoing demographic shift in Nepal's Terai region.
In the face of benign statements by his Indian hosts relating to the treaty, Adhikary sought greater economic independence for his landlocked nation while simultaneously striving to improve ties with China.
In Junea joint Kathmandu-New Delhi communique was issued pending the finalisation of a comprehensive arrangement covering all aspects of bilateral relations, restoring trade relations, reopening transit routes for Nepal's imports, and formalising respect of each other's security concerns.
Kathmandu also announced that lower cost was the decisive factor in its purchasing arms and personnel carriers from China and that Nepal was advising China to withhold delivery of the last shipment.
History of India-Nepal Relations — South Asia Program at Hudson Institute
However, even after the restoration of democracyinPrachandathe Prime Minister of Nepalvisited Indiain September only after visiting Chinabreaking the long-held tradition of Nepalese PM making India as their first port-of-call.
When in India, he spoke about a new dawn, in the bilateral relations, between the two countries. He said, "I am going back to Nepal as a satisfied person. I will tell Nepali citizens back home that a new era has dawned. Time has come to effect a revolutionary change in bilateral relations.