Explore the relationship that exists between poverty illiteracy and high birth rates

explore the relationship that exists between poverty illiteracy and high birth rates

high, this study will examine one main reason, education, with some focus on other world and in turn, reduce dangerously high fertility rates in those regions. . hypothesis that and inverse relationship exists between these two variables. .. is poverty in the developed world and limited resources among. relationship between population, economic growth and the environment. These high birth rates which in turn lead to a continuing high proportion of the population living in poverty. .. It needs to be explored what factors made it possible? variations exist within and between countries in the way fertility decline is socially. This study aims to investigate inequalities in literacy rates and its impact on birth relationships exist between female education and birth rate because education has a positive women with higher educational level (Caldwell, In case of rural India, poverty influences Nowpara Colony, the birth rate among illiterate.

Materials and Methods We did an ecological analysis of the data from the national surveys conducted by the Registrar General of India.

explore the relationship that exists between poverty illiteracy and high birth rates

State-wise literacy rates were taken from the Census of India. CBR was taken as a surrogate fertility indicator as other indicators such as generalized fertility rates, generalized marital fertility rates, and total fertility rates were available only for large states with more than 10 million population.

Female Literacy Rate is a Better Predictor of Birth Rate and Infant Mortality Rate in India

Each state or UT was taken as the unit for linear regression analysis. CBR and IMR were taken as dependent variables while the overall, male, and female literacy rates were independent variables. The dataset used is given in Table 1. Table 1 Literacy rates, crude birth rates, and infant mortality rates of states and union territories of India Census and Sample Registration System SRS December Open in a separate window Best fitting lines on scatter plots were drawn and slope parameters and R2 value was calculated.

The relationship between women’s education and fertility | World Economic Forum

Initially, overall literacy rates and male literacy rates and female literacy rates were all analyzed individually with CBR and IMR, respectively. Next, we combined male and female literacy rates as predictors of CBR and IMR, respectively in multiple regression analysis.

Results On linear regression, an inverse relationship was found between male literacy rates, female literacy rates [ Figure 1 ], and overall literacy rates with that of the CBR of the respective states and UTs [ Table 2 ]. The slope of Given that fewer children per woman and delayed marriage and childbearing could mean more resources per child and better health and survival rates for mothers and children, this is an important link.

But how much of this is causation and how much is correlation? A negative correlation is most clearly seen between different levels of female education and the total fertility rate TFR in a population. TFR is the number of children a woman can expect to have over her lifetime given current rates of age-specific fertility.

explore the relationship that exists between poverty illiteracy and high birth rates

The first figure below shows TFR trends over time in Ethiopia, Ghana and Kenya among women with varying levels of educational attainment. What it shows for all three countries is that there are striking differences in TFR between women with no schooling and women with a high school education. In Ghana, women with a high school education have a TFR between 2 and 3, whereas those with no education have a TFR of about 6, even as recently as Similarly, women with a high school education in Ethiopia have a TFR of 1.

explore the relationship that exists between poverty illiteracy and high birth rates

Relationship between Female Education and Fertility: Ethiopia, Ghana and Kenya Data from Demographic and Health Surveys in Ethiopia, Ghana and Kenya [] In considering whether female education actually drives a decline in the TFR, one might ask whether the opposite is true — do women who prefer smaller families want to study longer?

However, the evidence from sub-Saharan Africa clearly supports the causal role of female education in fertility decline. For example, an education reform in Kenya that increased the length of primary education by a year resulted in increased female educational attainment, and delayed marriage and fertility.

Female Literacy Rate is a Better Predictor of Birth Rate and Infant Mortality Rate in India

One randomized control trial found that reducing the cost of school uniforms in Kenya not only reduced dropout rates, but also reduced teenage marriage and childbearing. Another study found that increasing female education by one year in Nigeria reduced early fertility by 0.

explore the relationship that exists between poverty illiteracy and high birth rates

Inthe country did away with school fees, instituted school lunches in rural areas, increased the education budget and allowed local language classes.

The born cohort of girls came of school age under the old system, while those born in were exposed to the reforms.

explore the relationship that exists between poverty illiteracy and high birth rates

The born cohort showed an increase in schooling of 0.