Religiosity and education - Wikipedia
International Journal of Christianity & Education aims to be the first point of reference for academic discussions of the relationship between Christianit. They exist in all sorts of relationships with civic society – and the forms . increasingly dangerous divide is not within Christianity, not between. Hirst s reply is that any relation between Christian theology and education will 80), Christians must be content, and here there will be as many concepts of.
Temple rituals had been a pillar of Jewish religious life.
- Religion and Education Around the World
- ‘The Role of the Churches in Education’ by Bishop Donal McKeown
- Christians and Muslims and the Educational Challenge
To replace them, Jewish religious leaders emphasized the need for studying the Torah in synagogues. They also gave increased importance to the earlier religious decree on educating sons, making it a compulsory religious duty for all Jewish fathers.
Christian Theology and Educational Theory
Over the next few centuries, a formal school system attached to synagogues was established. Jewish scholarship was enhanced in the early Middle Ages, beginning in the late sixth century, by the emergence of Talmudic academies of Sura and Pumbedita in what is now Iraq. In the late Middle Ages, centers of Jewish learning, including the study of science and medicine, emerged in what is today northern Spain and southern France.
Until the early 19th century, however, most education of Jewish boys was primarily religious. This intellectual movement sought to blend secular humanism with the Jewish faith and to encourage openness to secular scholarship among Jews. At the same time, they were strong proponents of reforming Jewish education by including secular subjects, such as European literature and the natural sciences.
This educational project often brought the reformists into conflict with more orthodox Jewish religious leaders. Some scholars have noted that from the Reformation onward, Protestant groups encouraged educating women, with effects that still resonate today. Lake Forest College political scientist Fatima Z. This is not the case when family laws are based on more general Islamic precepts. In this regard, sociologists Darren E. Some scholars, however, hypothesize that higher levels of religious observance and engagement produce greater educational attainment.
Ellison, in a study of U.
Lehrer observes that those who frequently attended religious services during adolescence completed one more year of schooling than their less observant peers. If this is true, one might expect higher percentages of religiously unaffiliated people in parts of the world with high educational attainment.
How religion may affect educational attainment
A sidebar in Chapter 3 explores data relating to this question, finding mixed results. Missionary-built educational facilities were often located in what became heavily Christian areas rather than predominantly Muslim locales. Historic differences between colonial policy and missionary activity in northern and southern Nigeria are likely an important factor in the present-day Christian-Muslim education gap in Nigeria.
He finds no definitive explanation for the gap, but posits that one factor may be that religious schools set up by local Islamic leaders are viewed as an alternative to government schools.
Some of the Islamic schools follow the curricula of state schools, while others teach only religious subjects. Surveys she conducted in Malawi found that Muslims and Christians express similar demands for formal education and do not perceive a trade-off between religious and formal schooling that would affect educational attainment. Platas suggests that a second possible explanation, particularly for Muslim-majority areas, is that some Muslims may believe that secular government schools are Christian-oriented.
As during the colonial period, therefore, they may fear that attending these schools poses a threat to their religious identity and to the practice of their faith.
Muslim participation is even lower in countries that have mandatory teaching of religion in government primary schools, Manglos-Weber adds. In Ivory Coast, for example, anthropologist Robert Launay contends that an economic boom following independence favored those who had been educated in the colonial era and convinced many Muslim parents of the economic benefits of state schooling.
Under such constraints, expanding the education system was out of the question. The gaps appear to be partly a result of historical developments, especially Christian missionary activity and colonial policy. A host of contemporary economic, social, cultural and religious factors may also play a role. The Making and Unmaking of Islamic Culture. Also see Ahmad, Imad-ad-Dean. Attitudes Toward Science and Technology.
Also see Sardar, Ziauddin. Gawthrop and Strauss argue that Luther and other Reformation leaders stopped promoting Bible reading in favor of teaching religion through a memorized catechism in order to maintain orthodox interpretations of scripture. Also see Woodberry, Robert D.
Woodberry writes that other Protestant revival movements brought near universal literacy to other places even earlier than the Pietists in Germany: One was the invention of the Gutenberg printing press, which made printed works widely available at a cheap price. Launched by Christian religious leaders, the schools initially were intended to teach literacy to poor children. Their textbook was the Bible. The church regarded this view — later accepted as scientific fact — as contrary to Holy Scripture.
The defendant in the Scopes Monkey Trial, high school teacher John Scopes, was convicted of violating a Tennessee law banning the teaching of human evolution in government-funded schools. Bates, Nathan Nunn and James A. Also see Nunn, Nathan. Also, Asma, Stephen T.
See also Cleary, Stephen. Attendance at these schools was entirely voluntary. There were also schools open for girls, which were, it may be assumed, always under the direction of the nuns. How Education Shaped Jewish History, The Institute for the Study of Labor in Bonn. Is There a Link? Franzen and Jeremy E.
The Relationship between Christianity and Scholasticism During the Middle Ages
The Role of Congregational Biblical Literalism. Evidence from the National Education Longitudinal Study of A Search for Explanations. Gulesci, Selim and Erik Meyersson. Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws. However, in Chapter 3 we demonstrate that the relationship between affiliation and education varies by country and that there are more countries in which young affiliated people have more education than there are countries in which young unaffiliated people have the advantage.
Papers and Proceedings Also see Thurston, Alex. Even before Justin Martyrthe author of The Gospel According to John set the point of departure for the intellectual history of salvation with his use of the term Logos to open the first chapter of the Gospel. These contrasting opinions have stood in permanent tension with one another.
In medieval thought the elevation of Christian belief to the status of scientific universal knowledge was dominant. With the Reformation there was widespread concern for education because the reformers desired everyone to be able to read the Bible.
Luther also argued that it was necessary for society that its youth be educated. Open conflict between science and theology occurred only when the traditional biblical view of the world was seriously questioned, as in the case of the Italian astronomer Galileo The biblical faith in God as Creator and incarnate Redeemer is an explicit affirmation of the goodness, reality, and contingency of the created world—assumptions underlying scientific work.
Positive tendencies concerning education and science have always been dominant in the history of Christianity, even though the opposite attitude arose occasionally during certain periods. Thus, the German astronomer Johannes Kepler — spoke of celebrating God in science.
In the 20th century, Pope John Paul II maintained that he saw no contradiction between the findings of modern science and biblical accounts of the Creation; he also declared the condemnation of Galileo to be an error and encouraged the scientific search for truth. Justus Sustermans, portrait of Galileo Galilei, date unknown, oil on canvas. In a private collection The attitude that had been hostile toward intellectual endeavours was heard less frequently after the Christian church became the church of the Roman Empire.