Rachel Winter | History of Art and Architecture - UC Santa Barbara
Ramat Rahel was first settled in the days of the Judaic monarchy during the 8th and 7th The gate to the inner citadel was in the centre of the eastern wall and was reinforced The relationship between the two churches is yet to be studied. Paradise Lost: Middle Eastern Art at the Guggenheim. by Rahel Aima The show is shot through with the certain insidiousness inherent in the concept of diversity, The marriage of work and site feels like a homecoming. Close reading teaches students the difference between “opinion” or “personal China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. .. Even though, according to another critic, Rahel and Estha are "victims of .
BACK TO RAMAT RAHEL: WHAT DO WE WANT TO FIND
We thought naively that they wanted to surrender, and the order was given to hold fire. But it soon transpired that instead of surrendering to our forces, the Egyptians were merely changing tack, and under cover of the white flag, the two of them started running towards their positions. We opened fire and hit them both. To our dismay, we then discovered that the spring of the Lewis was broken and that we could no longer use it. From one moment to the next, we had lost half the machine guns at our disposal - having started out with 2, we now had just the Bren left.
After the armored car incident, the kibbutz received heavy mortar and cannon shelling.
Rachel Seiffert: ‘My grandparents were Nazis. I can’t remember a time when I didn’t know this’
One of the shells scored a hit on the guard post on top of the dining hall and injured the fighters who were on look-out. Contact with the other posts scattered throughout the kibbutz was gradually disrupted. The attack had been well planned and was being carried out in a pincer movement. While the Egyptian army, with its armor, was attacking from the west from the direction of the Mar Elias monasterythe Legion surged forward from the east Zur Baher. More than hundred enemy troops took part in the assault: We had two machine-guns one of them put out of action before the battle began rifles and submachine-guns.
Our only anti-tank weapon was a crate of Molotov cocktails. In the early afternoon, an armored column, consisting of nine armored cars and a tank, advanced from Mar Elias, followed by Egyptian infantry. At the same time, the Arab Legion together with the irregular forces commenced their offensive from the opposite direction Zur Baher. The Legion succeeded in capturing the extreme eastern post after most of the fighters there had been wounded.
As soon as word was received in the dining-hall, a unit was sent to recapture it under the command of Yifrah Yosef Ronen-Frankenthal. Several minutes later, one of the members of the unit returned and asked for reinforcements to rescue Yifrah. I assembled several of the fighters and set out across the open terrain between the dining-hall and the occupied post. Suddenly there was a loud explosion, and I found myself alone in front of one of the kibbutz buildings.
A shell had exploded in the rear, hitting some of the fighters and separating me from them. As I stood there stunned, an armed Legionnaire came towards me from behind the building. For an instant we gazed at one another, frozen. Then I leapt behind a wall and fired an entire magazine from my Sten gun. I peeped round the corner to see what had happened and saw the armed Legionnaire peeping back at me from behind another wall. I was alone with him, and the path back to the dining-hall passed through Legion fire.
I was cut off inside Ramat Rachel, which was itself isolated. I tried my luck for the last time, and under cover of two grenades, which I lobbed over the wall, ran as fast as possible back to the dining-hall, shells bursting around me and bullets whistling over my head. I reached the dining-hall safely and discovered that no one knew what had happened to Yifrah and his comrades.
Meanwhile, the tank which had advanced from Mar Elias was moving forward and had blocked the road to Arnona. This completed the siege of Ramat Rachel. I sized up the situation, and discovered that the Arab Legion had captured half the kibbutz territory. We started setting up a new defense line with the aim of preventing the Legion from occupying the dining-hall, which was our last post.
As I stood in the door of the dining-hall handing out orders to the fighters, I suddenly saw a group of dozen armed Arabs approaching. They were moving forward in unorganized fashion, shouting and screaming.
Some even had their hands up. My first thought was that they had captured Yifrah and his comrades, and were bringing them to prevent us from opening fire. I immediately gave the ceasefire order, at which they appeared even happier. It later transpired that the Legionnaires had assumed that the Egyptians had captured the dining hall, and the fact that we did not fire at them merely confirmed this.
The cheerful group came closer and we still could not discern whether Yifrah and his group were amongst them. I faced a difficult choice: But if we did not, they could conquer our last stronghold. When we could wait no longer, I shouted out as loudly as I could: We're going to shoot" and then gave the order to fire.
The fighters fired all their weapons, a hail of bullets, which took the enemy by surprise. Most of them were hit and the remainder fled in panic, leaving the wounded where they were.
After the battle, we discovered that the commander of the Arab unit had been killed in our attack, and that this was the cause of general demoralization among his forces.
Besiege / Yehuda Lapidut - THE BATTLE FOR RAMAT RACHEL, SOUTHERN GATEWAY TO JERUSALEM
While we were busy checking the Legion advance, word reached us of the advance of the Egyptian armored force, which was firing directly at our positions.
The post, which suffered most, was the observation post on the roof of the dining-hall. The wounded came down one by one, but we could not do without a lookout point. The number of wounded lying on the floor of the dining-hall grew steadily, and the only medic had also been wounded. To make matters worse, our ammunition was also running out. When it seemed to me that the Egyptians were about to break into the kibbutz, I sent one of the fighters to the gate, equipped with Molotov cocktails.
As I awaited a report from him, I was informed that a shell had burst beside him as he made his way to the gate, igniting the Molotov cocktails and inflicting burns to his entire body. The Egyptians halted their advance, and the Legion also paused to take stock of their situation. I exploited the relative quiet to visit the wounded, which were lying on the floor of the dining-hall.
The room was quiet, and only a stifled groan was heard here and there. I went over to one of the injured and asked how he was.
In reply, he asked for a little water. I hastened to the jug in the corner, but was disappointed to find that it was empty and that there was no water even for the wounded.
The many casualties sustained vastly reduced our numbers. One of the injured officers appealed to his wounded comrades, explaining that if the Arabs reached the dining hall, he would give them weapons and they had to fight to the last bullet.
Daniel had come to study in Jerusalem at the Hebrew University, and when fighting broke out, had joined the Irgun.
Stratum Va Stratum Va spanned from the end of the 7th to the beginning of the 6th century BCE and included a much larger and better-constructed royal citadel. It had an outer fortification system and an inner citadel with a palace. Though only small portions of it have been exposed, it may be assumed that it enclosed an area of some five acres 20 dunams on the top of the hill.
Inside this wall, no building remains were found.
The inner citadel, measuring 75 x 50 m, stood at the northeastern corner of the courtyard. It was surrounded by a 5-m-wide casemate wall. The rooms in the wall had floors covered with a thick, hard plaster, suggesting that they were storerooms. Dressed stones from walls of the Stratum Va palace The gate to the inner citadel was in the centre of the eastern wall and was reinforced with buttresses. It had two cells, one on each side of the entrance, with floors of massive stone flags.
The gate was closed with inner and outer double doors. A narrower opening into the inner citadel was located in the same wall, several meters to the south. The area inside the citadel was divided into a stone-paved courtyard with buildings along the northern and western sides. The northern building consisted of an open inner courtyard surrounded by several rooms, and it probably served as the king's residence. A narrow, hidden postern built of large stones under the northern wall connected the citadel with the outside providing an escape passage.
The royal citadel at Ramat Rahel is one of the most instructive examples of Israelite-Phoenician architecture in the biblical period. The construction of the casemate walls and the buildings of the citadel were of excellent quality, with smoothed and squared stones laid in well-fitted courses. The main gate, built of large, dressed stones, also shows fine workmanship. With the advent of seed counters, items are packaged in units as they are sold.
The hotel, surrounded by gardens, has rooms with a panoramic view of Bethlehemthe Judean Desert and Herodion. The hotel also operates a convention center, tennis courts and a large swimming pool. Archaeological findings[ edit ] Archaeological garden showing Israelite column capitals. The first scientific exploration of the site, known in Arabic as Khirbet es-Sallah, was conducted by Benjamin Mazar and Moshe Stekelis in — In a series of digs in —, Yohanan Aharoni tentatively identified it as the biblical Beit Hakerem Jeremiah 6: One of many important artifacts discovered at Ramat Rachel are numerous stamp impressions.