Fatah–Hamas conflict - Wikipedia
Hamas and Fatah have ruled the occupied Palestinian territories of the The biggest difference between the two movements today is their. By offering to mediate, Egypt is trying to prevent relations between Hamas and Fatah from deteriorating further. Cairo also hopes to prevent. It is fine for Palestinian Authority leader Mahmoud Abbas to condemn Hamas on a daily basis. It is supposedly not fine, however, for the U.S.
While the two groups work towards the same goal of building a Palestinian state on the territories that Israel occupied inconsisting of East Jerusalem, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, there are some stark differences. What are their ideologies? Fatah was founded by several people, most notably the late president of the Palestinian Authority - Yasser Arafat, aides Khalil al-Wazir and Salah Khalaf, and Mahmoud Abbas, who is the current president of the Palestinian Authority.
The movement was premised on the armed struggle against Israel to liberate historic Palestine.
The group's armed struggle against Israeli occupation began in Most of its armed operations were carried out from Jordan and Lebanon. The PLO was created in with the goal to liberate Palestine, and today acts as the representative of the Palestinian people at the United Nations.
Are Hamas-Fatah unity talks doomed to failure?
After being pushed out of Jordan and Lebanon in the s and s, the movement underwent a fundamental change, choosing to negotiate with Israel. The word Hamas means zeal. The Hamas movement was founded in Gaza in by imam Sheikh Ahmed Yasin and aide Abdul Aziz al-Rantissi shortly after the start of the first Intifada, or Palestinian uprising against Israel's occupation of the Palestinian territories.
The movement started as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and created a military wing, the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, to pursue an armed struggle against Israel with the aim of liberating historic Palestine.
It also provided social welfare programmes to Palestinian victims of the Israeli occupation.
Are Hamas-Fatah unity talks doomed to failure? - Arab-Israeli Conflict - Jerusalem Post
Hamas defines itself as a "Palestinian Islamic national liberation and resistance movement", using Islam as its frame of reference. And analysts believe that such failure to reach a political agreement to the Palestinian divide is a crucial factor behind the worsening humanitarian situation in Gaza. By offering to mediate, Egypt is trying to prevent relations between Hamas and Fatah from deteriorating further.
Cairo also hopes to prevent another round of hostilities between Hamas and Israel. Toward that end, Egyptian negotiators have been trying to broker a cease-fire between Israel and Hamas, while simultaneously working on a Palestinian unity agreement.
For the last few months, calm has largely prevailed along the Israel-Gaza border, though talks over a cease-fire agreement have stalled. Recently, there are signs that unrest is beginning to pick again.
- Hamas and Fatah: Why the two groups are failing
- Fatah–Hamas conflict
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Just last week, Egyptian security officials met with high-ranking Fatah members in Cairo to discuss prospects for ending the rift with Hamas. They also discussed alleviating the restrictions that both Israel and Egypt have put in place to limit the flow of people and certain goods in and out of the enclave. For years — and until today — Abbas has used every available platform to launch scathing attacks on Hamas.
He accused Hamas of foiling Arab efforts to end the dispute with his ruling Fatah faction.
He accused Hamas of masterminding a series of explosions targeting the homes of some of his senior Fatah officials in the Gaza Strip. He accused Hamas of staging a coup in against his Palestinian Authority PA in the Gaza Strip and seeking to establish a separate Palestinian there.
Hamas and Fatah: Why the two groups are failing | Israeli–Palestinian conflict News | Al Jazeera
He accused Hamas of standing behind the botched assassination attempt on his prime minister, Rami Hamdallah, in the Gaza Strip earlier this year.
He even made a metaphoric remark that, "shoes will be pouring on the heads of Hamas leaders.
In the past few days, however, the rhetoric of Abbas and his senior officials in Ramallah toward Hamas has made a degree turn. What is behind this sudden change?
Has Abbas discovered that he was mistaken about Hamas all these years and that its leaders, Ismail Haniyeh, Mahmoud Zahar and Yeyha Sinwar are actually his good buddies? Just last week, it seemed that Egyptian efforts to end the Hamas-Fatah rivalry had once again belly-flopped.
The Palestinian Authority and Fatah are strongly opposed to all the policies of the US administration.