Swedes Vs. Norwegians?
subheadings suggest, a comprehensive study of the relationship between Norwegians and. Swedes in the United States cannot be sustained on comparison. A Norwegian's story of moving to Sweden, differences between Swedes and Another difference is that Swedes are big believers in informing. In , I've spent more time in Norway than Sweden. I'll make the bold statement that most of my readers see no discernible difference among.
For example, I know a girl who became socially ostracized just because she liked wearing hats. You must never be overtly good at your job or display symptoms of believing you might be see ambition above and definitely never tell anybody that you think you are good at anything.
So, if you are in an interview and asked your opinion of your ability, you must only say that you are competent - but definitely never good or brilliant… or any other adjectives hinting at this.
There are many exceptions to all these unwritten rules of course. You can be an actor or any sort of artistic type In fact, in Norway, the highest position socially is to be a shipbroker or involved in one of the major shipping families at a high level.
Definitely do not try and establish your own business They are far from it but refuse to see it. First of all, the average salary in Norway is only aroundkr. That might sound like a lot to some people but the place is seriously expensive! This is a reality that any Norwegian will become very defensive about …because they must, for their own peace of mind! So they will argue very hard that Norway is no more expensive than London or Paris and they will genuinely believe this?
But try buying a flat in Oslo, or a drink, or a packet of cigarettes No more popping into the supermarket and picking up whatever you fancy because that way, ruin lies.
No, you must take a calculator and carefully work out what you can afford and then you might be able to make your money stretch out for a month. No more popping out for a quick drink either. If you do want to take a drink then make the most of it and invest wisely. According to a recent opinion poll96 per cent of the Norwegians celebrate their Constitution Day, which was initially a 19th century day of protest against Swedish domination.
Scholars have shown that Norwegian history textbooks are more nationalistic than those of the neighbouring countries, and both research agendas and publishing policies reflect the force of nationalism in the country.
For historical reasons, Norwegian national identity had to be constructed in contrast to the Danes and the Swedes.
The dominant national identity which emerged during the latter half of the 19th century, and which still holds sway in official national symbolism as witnessed, for example, during the state-funded propaganda campaign before and during the Winter Olympic Games inemphasises the rural, clean and unspoilt character of Norway. Denmark was associated with the urban bourgeoisie and snobbish mannerisms; Sweden with arrogance and state power.
It is not coincidental that Norwegian national identity should be associated with nature scenery and the rural way of life. Although the country had towns and cities, its scenery and folk traditions were eminently suitable as national symbols since they denoted that Norway had something which Sweden and Denmark lacked. Today, the standard Norwegian image of Sweden associates the eastern neighbour with a bureaucratic rationality, uncompromising Enlightenment ideology, a centralised, authoritarian State, and an air of arrogant overbearance.
The omnipresent Norwegian image of the Danes, a more friendly one, depicts the southern neighbours as a lackadaisical and slightly hedonistic but immensely urbane and jovial people. Being the junior partner in the Scandinavian universe, Norway's national identity seems stronger and more boisterous than the Danish and Swedish ones.
Norwegians & Swedes — What’s the difference? | The American Norseman
In general, of course, small collective identities are more clearly defined and their incumbents suffer less from "identity problems" than the members of the large collectives that they define themselves in relation to. Estonian identity is more clearly bounded and less ambiguously defined than the Russian identity, and the same could be said of the Scottish--English or Welsh--English, Catalonian--Castilian or Breton--French identity relationships.
The cohesiveness of the Norwegian self-identity, which is today being weakened in some segments of the population and strengthened in others due to forces of globalisation, and its origin in an essentially Romantic, culturalist ideology, nevertheless makes the process of integration for immigrants very difficult.
Sweden The famous playwright August Strindberg, visiting Norway a few years before the breakup of the Swedish--Norwegian union, wrote in his journal that Norway reminded him of the deep tragedy of his own country. Being a new, young and fresh country with an open future, Norway showed, in a negative way, the quagmire into which Sweden had sunk; a hopelessly old-fashioned and decadent, stiff and inflexible country ruled by a degenerated aristocracy with soiled underwear, unable to shake off its past and become a modern and rational country.
- The Scandinavian Languages: 3 For The Price Of One?
- Norway–Sweden relations
- Swedes Vs. Norwegians?
Strindberg was soon proven wrong. Twentieth-century Swedish nation-building has, with spectacularly successful results, aimed at transforming the very life-worlds in which Swedes lived.
The social-democratic notion Folkhemmet "The People's Home"which embodied all levels of society from the conjugal bond to the state bureaucracy, was an Enlightenment ideal promoting equality, rationality and modernity.
Already before the Second World War, the Swedish state was at work efficiently replacing traditional ways of life with modern ones. The country was industrialised and urbanised, educational institutions were modernised, and official campaigns taught people principles of hygiene, punctuality, abstract duty and so on.
Postwar Sweden has been described both as a cold, authoritarian and joyless society this was Hans Magnus Enzensberger's view and as the most modern and advanced society in the world. Only very recently, during the current economic recession and ideological crisis in Swedish social democracy, has cultural romanticism and nostalgia played a central part in official twentieth-century Swedish nationhood. Unlike the Norwegian national identity, which draws on rural tradition and past glories for its substance, the Swedish identity has -- quite contrary to Strindberg's expectations -- been essentially future-oriented and modern throughout this century.
Since Sweden is the dominant state in the Nordic area, Swedish identity has often been conflated domestically with Nordic identity, and the ideology of pan-Nordism is more powerful there than elsewhere, with the possible exception of the Swedish-speaking minority in Finland.
Actually, while the Norwegian and Danish national anthems predictably praise the virtues of their countries, the Swedish anthem does not mention Sweden once, but ends with the lines: Apart from the inevitable extreme-right fringe groups, it is difficult to identify a cultural nationalism in Swedish everyday life; however, a relatively clear self-image emerges when Swedes are brought into contact with, or contrast themselves with, Danes and Norwegians.
The standard Swedish image of the Norwegian is that of a rustic and unsophisticated fish-eater with lamentable manners and muddy boots, lately supplied with grudging acknowledgement of the Norwegian petroleum wealth. Nothing is more humiliating to the average Swedish man than a Norwegian victory in an international football game between the two countries; just as Norwegian men, in a symmetrical fashion, never cheer more sincerely for their sportsmen than when they fight their big brother.
Standard Swedish images of Danes are more negative than those of the rustic, but harmless Norwegians. For centuries, the two nations competed for regional hegemony, and until the 17th century, Denmark was without question the more powerful. In Swedish discourse, Danes tend to be depicted as untrustworthy and imbued with the spirit of dolce far' niente, a beer-drinking, happy-go-lucky, vaguely unhygienic and profoundly disorganised people.
In contrast with the Norwegians, thus, the Swedes appear as a modern and sophisticated people; in contrast with the Danes, they may see themselves as rational and well organised. Denmark Danish stereotypes of Norwegians and Swedes are complementary to those which I have described, and since knowledge of each other's stereotypes is widespread in the three countries, these notions form part of a shared Scandinavian discursive field about cultural differences.
Despite its absolute geographic location on the northern tip of the main body of the European continent, Denmark's relative location is that of a southern country. A survey carried out among Danish schoolchildren in the mids suggested that they regarded the Norwegians as "all right, but a bit rural and very nationalistic", while they saw the Swedes as "an arrogant bunch, but good football players".
Norwegians & Swedes — What’s the difference?
Denmark has the most liberal drug laws and the least restrictions on alcohol consumption in Scandinavia, and Copenhagen -- the northernmost truly European metropole -- looms large in the Norwegian and Swedish imaginations as a city of sin and joy. Swedes and Norwegians alike are frequent visitors to Denmark, many of them solely to enjoy the liberal Danish practices. Current Danish images of Norwegians are still contingent on the loss of Norway inwhich was not caused by Norwegian popular rebellion but by geopolitical events.
Partly for this reason, the image of Norway is nearly unanimously that of a friend. Images of the friend, while much less studied than enemy images, can nonetheless also contribute to the definition of self. Norwegians are perceived as rustic and simple, but honest and straightforward people who live close to their beautiful and spectacular nature.
The Swedes, by contrast, are seen as humourless bureaucrats who, like obedient dogs, do whatever the State tells them to, and who are obsessed with material status symbols. When they visit Denmark, therefore, the Swedes are assumed to lose control and behave disgracefully. A poster in a coastal Danish town near Sweden reads: