List of Prime Ministers of India - Wikipedia
So what's the difference between a president and a prime minister? Are they just different words for the same thing? Or are there real differences between these. Knowing the difference between prime minister and president will help you India is a democratic country, it has a parliamentary system of. The Prime Minister of India is the chief executive of the Government of India. In India's parliamentary system, the Constitution names the President as Progressive Alliance government was in office for 10 years between and
Further, they are jointly responsible to the Lok Sabha, i. The PM exercises powers, that comes from diverse sources like control over the council, the leadership of the House of People, access to media, foreign visits, the projection of personalities at the time of elections, and so on. He is the nominal executive chosen indirectly by the people, through the elected Members of the Parliament and Members of Legislative Assemblies of all states and union territories.
The Indian constitution confers the executive powers of the Union to the President, which is exercised through the Council of Ministers led by the Prime Minister.
Power and Functions of the Prime Minister of India
He possesses absolute powers in relation to legislative, judicial and emergency matters, which is used, in consultation with the Council of Ministers. The President has the right to get information concerning all significant matters and discussions of Council of Ministers.
The Prime Minister is bound to provide all the information, demanded by the President. Key Differences Between Prime Minister and President The following points are noteworthy so far as the differences between prime minister and president are concerned: The chief functionary of the elected government and the most powerful person in the country is the Prime Minister. The first citizen of the country and holds the highest office of the country is the President.
The President of India appoints the Prime Minister. On the other hand, the President is elected by Members of Parliament and Members of Legislative Assembly through voting.
Relationship between the President and PM in India
The Prime Minister belongs to the political party, with the majority in the House of people, i. On the contrary, the President does not belong to any political party.
When it comes to bills, the Prime Minister together with other Council of Ministers decides the policies and bills. As against this, the bills cannot be passed without prior recommendation of President. The power to declare emergency situation is in the hands of President and not in the hands of Prime Minister. The Prime Minister does not have the authority to intervene legal decisions.
Unlike Prime Minister, the President has the power to give amnesty to criminals. The President of India tends to have very limited scope while there is an initiation of any action on his own when it comes to terms related to provisions of the Constitution.
However, there is undoubtedly no wonder, that the office of the President is of immense weight of such high post of office, and a position of pride and honor and that it cannot be very easily be crashed aside by the PM.
The President plays a role of influencing the various policies and different actions taken by the Government, moderately.India PM Modi in Switzerland, meets president
Prime Minister of India, plays the role of a bridge in between Parliament and President. The President must be made informed regarding the happenings and workings of all the Department ,especially the ones which revolves around initiation of various policies.
The President of India appoints other officer who hold constitutional posts as well some other vital members of the Central Government such as the 1. The President has been entrusted with both legislative, executive as well as judicial powers by the Constitution of India. He assigns various governors of the States as well as Attorney General, ambassadors to be sent to other foreign countries.
He is the commander in —Chief- of the Armed Force of India He can grant an award of pardon, reprive, remit, amnesty, remission of a person ,also in certain cases can minimize the sentence of death of the person who is offended, mainly regarding cases which revolve around punishments related to death Art 72,deals with the pardoning power of the President. In Shatrugan Chauhan and Anr. The legislative powers of the President are cited below: The President of India is entitled to command the Lok Sabha as well as the Rajya Sabha as well as postpone it, he can also lead to the dissolution of the House.
Bils can only become law when they are passed by him also he can promulgate ordinances even when the Parliament cannot be in session.
Also, he can impose National Emergency under Art. When cases as such occur, that the PM insists President, he is bound put his signatures in that billthis was how the Emergency was declared by President Fakruddin Ali Ahmed in PM he is the presiding officer to various meetings of t council of ministers ,also his decisions play an influential role 3. PM, may ask any minister to give his resignation at any time or else it It is upon his advice that President dismisses any minister especially when cases concerning difference in the opinion ,occur.