Relationship between sodium and potassium in the body

Role of Potassium in Maintaining Health | Periodic Paralysis Intl.

relationship between sodium and potassium in the body

Given the established relation between hypertension and CVD and and insufficient potassium concentrations in the human body; these. Health effects of sodium and potassium in humans. A preponderance of cohort studies has identified a direct relationship between dietary sodium and. Potassium can aid in the removal of excess sodium from the body, which can help relationship between sodium and potassium intake with regards to mortality.

In effect, sodium works with potassium when your body has the right amount of each electrolyte. Too much of either can lead to a variety of health issues, including muscle weakness, trouble breathing, irregular heartbeat and nausea. Amounts of Sodium and Potassium It's important to consume the correct amounts of both sodium and potassium daily to prevent issues with blood pressure, heart issues and kidney damage.

relationship between sodium and potassium in the body

The recommended amount of sodium per day is 2,mg for healthy individuals and 1,mg per day for those with high blood pressure. Western diets are rich in sodium, which is present in everything from tomato sauce to canned soup to bread. Note that a teaspoon of salt contains 2,mg of sodium. Getting the required amount should be easy; it's limiting the amount of sodium in your diet that is a bit more difficult, so be sure to read the ingredient labels of the foods you eat.

In terms of potassium, you should be getting around 4,mg per day in your diet. Potassium-rich foods include avocados, bananas, sweet potatoes, beets, potatoes, white beans and yogurt. Ounce for ounce, it costs more than a medium okay, Grande latte at Starbucks which, by the way, has more potassium than a Supershot.

Potassium and sodium out of balance - Harvard Health

And you can get more potassium from a banana or some raisins, which also give you fiber and a host of other nutrients. For most people, more potassium and less sodium is good for health.

relationship between sodium and potassium in the body

If you aren't inclined to eat fruit or vegetables, then a daily Supershot might help. But you'll get more from eating potassium-rich foods, for less out of your pocket. A diet for the ages Our Stone Age ancestors consumed about 16 times more potassium than sodium. Modern tribes of hunter-gatherers have similarly high ratios. That's a far cry from the average American diet, which has about twice as much sodium as potassium.

In a typical example — bacon, eggs, and tomato juice for breakfast; a ham sandwich and a soda for lunch; a bag of tortilla chips for a snack; and fettuccine alfredo, canned green beans, and garlic bread for dinner — there are 1, mg of potassium and 4, mg of sodium, for a ratio of 0.

relationship between sodium and potassium in the body

One way to prevent or fight high blood pressure and keep the heart healthy is to boost the amount of potassium you get while at the same time reducing your sodium intake. Potassium also functions in carbohydrate metabolism; it is active in glycogen and glucose metabolism, converting glucose to glycogen that can be stored in the liver for future energy.

relationship between sodium and potassium in the body

Potassium is important for normal growth and for building muscle. Though sodium is readily conserved by the body, there is no effective method for potassium conservation. Even when a potassium shortage exists, the kidneys continue to excrete it.

Because the human body relies on potassium balance for a regularly contracting heart and a healthy nervous system, it is essential to strive for this electrolyte's balance. In medicine, potassium is one of the most commonly prescribed minerals.

relationship between sodium and potassium in the body

It is also commonly measured in biochemical testing and is supplemented if it is low. Because potassium is crucial to cardiovascular and nerve functions and is lost in diuretic therapy for edema or hypertension, a prevalent American disease, it must be added as a dietary supplement frequently. As stated before, the average American diet has reversed the natural high potassium-low sodium intake, and a shift back to this more healthful balance will help reduce some types of elevated blood pressure.

Supplementing potassium can be helpful in treating hypertension specifically caused by a hyper-response to excess sodium. In one study, 37 adults with mild hypertension participated in a crossover study. Patients received either 2. They were then crossed-over to receive a different treatment for another eight weeks and so on. The results of the study demonstrated that potassium supplementation lowered systolic blood pressure from an average of 12 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure an average of 16 mm Hg.

The Role of Potassium and Sodium in Your Diet | CDC

Interestingly, the additional magnesium offered no further reduction in blood pressure. Potassium supplementation may be especially useful in the treatment of high blood pressure in persons over the age of The elderly often do not fully respond to blood pressure-lowering drugs making the use of potassium supplement an exciting possibility. After this relatively short treatment period the group getting the potassium experienced a drop of 12 mm Hg in systolic and 7 mm Hg in diastolic blood pressure.

These results compare quite favorably to the reduction of blood pressure produced by drug therapy in the European Working Party on High Blood Pressure in Elderly Study.

Pharmacological preparations of potassium are commonly prescribed for many of these conditions. A 10 percent potassium chloride solution is often given, but its taste is unpleasant.

More easily used formulas are tablets that are swallowed or effervescent tablets.

The Relationships Between Salt & Potassium

Time-release formulas such as Micro-K are also available. Potassium chloride has occasionally been helpful in treating infant colic, some cases of allergies, and headaches. During and after diarrhea, potassium replacement may be necessary, and many people feel better taking potassium during weight-loss programs. Fatigue or weakness, especially in the elderly, is often alleviated with supplemental potassium, along with magnesium.

Additional potassium may also be required for dehydration states after fluid losses and may be used to prevent or reduce hangover symptoms after alcohol consumption. Elevations or depletions of this important mineral can cause problems and, in the extreme, even death.

Maintaining consistent levels of potassium in the blood and cells is vital to body function. Even with high intakes of potassium, the kidneys will clear any excess, and blood levels will not be increased.

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For elevated potassium levels, called hyperkalemia, to occur, there must usually be other factors involved; decrease in renal function is the most likely cause. Major infection, gastrointestinal bleeding, and rapid protein breakdown also may cause elevated potassium levels.