Is there a link between youth poverty and crime? The answers may surprise you
Another argument is that areas with high rates of poverty and child abuse and neglect increase the rate of crime. Poverty is caused by lack of employment which. Theoretical issues of relationship between unemployment, poverty and crime in . bankruptcy rates increased in the United States despite the strength of the. This article examines theory and evidence on the association between poverty and crime at both the individual and community levels. It begins with a review of.
It is not easy to come to a conclusion regarding this matter because there are different studies carried out which have given contradicting results.
Most people believe that the steady rise of unemployment leads to a relative increase in crime. This occurs when people are laid off at the closure of a company or not able to be employed at all after training. Some people resolve to criminal activities such as burglary, drug peddling and other crimes in order to make an income. Unemployment is high among young people. People who have completed training and are ready for the job market stay unemployed.
Another group of young people affected by unemployment is those who are laid off because of lack of college education. When the young people are unemployed for a long time, they lose hope of getting employment Weatherburn, 1. Therefore, unemployment and crime affect people who are under the age of 40 and these are mostly young men.
This is because most criminal activities are carried out by people; thus, unemployed people over 40 years are not likely to enter into criminal activities. Research studies show that there is a link between young people who have been unemployed for more than one year and property crime. Most young people get involved in selling drugs such as heroin, marijuana and other dangerous drugs because they make quick money.
Economists and researchers believe that when the rate of unemployment is declining the rate of criminal activities is also declining. There are usually high rates of unemployment in areas where crimes are very high. The researchers argue that in these areas, the number of youth who have been out of work for more than one year is extremely high. Another argument is that areas with high rates of poverty and child abuse and neglect increase the rate of crime.
Poverty is caused by lack of employment which leads to children resolving to crime at an early age as a source of income. The effects of recession on companies and manufacturing industries cause people to be laid off.
These people will spend some time waiting to be recalled, however, if the recession takes long, and the unemployed young people continue increasing, the rate of crime is likely to increase.
If someone stays out of employment for a long time chances of getting employment are minimized, and they think of crime as a last resort Weatherburn, 1. Statistics shows that between andthe rates of criminal activities declined almost at the same rate as the rate of unemployment declined.
Relationship between unemployment and crime [FREE Example!]
The link in crime and unemployment rates shows that when people have a legal source of income, they do not commit criminal activities. Unemployment results more in property crime than violent crime as research results show that most people who commit property crimes are unemployed.
Crimes such as murder and rape are weakly connected to unemployment, but can be related to other psychological problems such as alcohol and drug abuse.
When there is a minimal decrease in unemployment rates, the rate of property crimes falls significantly. This study has been conducted in different states, and the results have been stable. In the case of rape and murder crimes, the study shows that when more people who are likely to be victims of crime are at work, the rate of these crimes decreases.
Therefore, female employment helps decrease the rate of crime in the society. This is because most rape victims are usually women and the offenders are men. In another study, men who lack college training are paid low wages, this makes them despair and turn to criminal activities.
Between the year andcrime increased significantly, at the same time, there was a steady increase in unemployment and reduction of wages among young men. Therefore, employment directly affects the rate of crime and should not be ignored. When people earn low wages, they are likely to resolve to property crime such as burglary because they will earn money even if it is illegitimate.
Assault and robbery are also related to the high rates of unemployment because money is the main motivator. And almost a third of to year olds lived in poverty, compared with one in five to year-olds. The same young group is significantly more likely than older groups to be stopped and searched by the police. And they are the most frequent victims of violence and sexual violence.
Young people, poverty and crime But the report offers no data to suggest that they are also committing more crimes. Not only does the report find no evidence of this: According to the Youth Justice Board, the number of those aged up to years-old who were sentenced almost halved from over 90, to less than 50,step-by-step, year-by-year, over exactly the same period covered in the EHRC report.
Understanding the relationship between being without work or living in poverty and crime has been the focus of a century of research.
Relationship between unemployment and crime
The economic causes of crime thesis is strongly contestedand the extremes of poverty and unemployment in the EHRC report are a powerful empirical stress test of its credibility. If either extreme were prone to triggering crime, it would have done so over this period.
Not only did this not occur: To supporters of the thesis and some agnostics this is a paradox. More unemployment and poverty coincided with less crime.
Can we believe the data? To explain this, one approach is to look at the data available to the EHRC on unemployment as it drew up its report.
But there are significant issues with the crime figures, too. First, the report pays no attention to the incremental removal of welfare benefits for to year-olds, as the age thresholds at which they were entitled to benefits incrementally shifted upwards.