Shared Governance and Academic Freedom: Yes, This Is Union Work The University of Wisconsin Mission Statement exemplifies this with the . This connection between collective bargaining and shared governance has. With this freedom comes academic responsibility: faculty members have a This shared governance model can also be affected by the relationships between. In its Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and Tenure, According to Hirsch, “Ideally, shared governance in universities or enjoy another status in relationship to the university (Finkin and Post, ).
Reaffirming the Principles of Academic Government | AAUP
A Practical Guide for Universities and Colleges outlines three traditional views of shared governance held by board members and presidents. The first of the three is shared governance as equal rights.
No decisions are made until a consensus is reached by all. For the conceptualization of institutional government set forth in the statement is one of joint effort among faculty, administration, and board. What exactly does that mean? Is OK Good Enough?
On the Relationship of Faculty Governance to Academic Freedom | AAUP
Shared governance is based on interdependence, communication, and joint planning and effort among the components of an institution, as the second paragraph makes plain: The relationship calls for adequate communication among these components, and full opportunity for appropriate joint planning and effort.
In still others, a substantive contribution can be made when student leaders are responsibly involved in the process. The rest of the statement delineates the respective roles and primary responsibilities of the governing board, the president, and the faculty. It is also incumbent on the president to ensure that faculty views, including dissenting views, are presented to the board in those areas and on those issues where responsibilities are shared.
An agency should exist for the presentation of the views of the whole faculty. The structure and procedures for faculty participation should be designed, approved, and established by joint action of the components of the institution.
Faculty representatives should be selected by the faculty according to procedures determined by the faculty. An understanding of the appropriate roles and areas of responsibility of boards, administrations, and faculties is crucial. The administrations of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and Idaho State University will not be the last to unilaterally suspend a faculty senate.
Reaffirming the Principles of Academic Government
So will violations of generally recognized principles of academic freedom and tenure—violations that we will also continue to need the principles enshrined in the Statement to counter effectively. What does a statement on government have to do with academic freedom and tenure?
Such violations are almost always either precipitated by or occur at the same time as governance violations. Consider first the Melissa Click case at the University of Missouri last year. Professor Click was summarily dismissed by the board of curators for her confrontations with two students during a protest event on campus.
On the Relationship of Faculty Governance to Academic Freedom
The Statement is by no means applicable only under circumstances in which governance standards or regulations have been violated. It is also applicable in cases of academic freedom violations, for those are typically caused by, or at least tangled up with, breakdowns in shared governance.
In the midst of the national and sometimes international media attention that academic freedom cases frequently attract—think not only of the Melissa Click case but also of the case of Steven Salaita at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign—that point is usually lost. The AAUP emphasized the connections between governance and academic freedom more than twenty years ago.
Boards and administrators will continue in their attempts to dissolve faculty senates, rewrite faculty handbooks, and bypass institutional governance regulations and to to circumscribe academic freedom, dismiss tenured and tenure-track faculty, and disregard due-process protections whenever they find it expedient or politically convenient to do so.
The protection of free expression takes many forms, but the issue emerges most clearly in the case of authority over faculty status. The academic freedom of faculty members includes the freedom to express their views 1 on academic matters in the classroom and in the conduct of research, 2 on matters having to do with their institution and its policies, and 3 on issues of public interest generally, and to do so even if their views are in conflict with one or another received wisdom.
Association policy documents over the years before and since the adoption of the Statement of Principles have described the reasons why this freedom should be accorded and rights to it protected. In the case 2 of institutional matters, grounds for thinking an institutional policy desirable or undesirable must be heard and assessed if the community is to have confidence that its policies are appropriate.What is ACADEMIC TENURE? What does ACADEMIC TENURE mean? ACADEMIC TENURE meaning & explanation
In the case 3 of issues of public interest generally, the faculty member must be free to exercise the rights accorded to all citizens. It is the faculty— not trustees or administrators—who have the experience needed for assessing whether an instance of faculty speech constitutes a breach of a central principle of academic morality, and who have the expertise to form judgments of faculty competence or incompetence. A good governance system is no guarantee that academic freedom will flourish.
The second possible source of concern is more subtle. While no governance system can serve to guarantee that academic freedom will always prevail, an inadequate governance system—one in which the faculty is not accorded primacy in academic matters—compromises the conditions in which academic freedom is likely to thrive.
Similarly, although academic freedom is not a sufficient condition, it is an essential one for effective governance. Under those conditions, institutions of higher education will be best served and will in turn best serve society at large. Johns Hopkins University Press, ],n.
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