Islamic State and the crisis in Iraq and Syria in maps - BBC News
The forces cite the United States' warming ties with Turkey in announcing Kurds pull back from ISIS fight in Syria, saying U.S. 'let us down'. Whatever relationship al-Qaida had with ISIS was torn asunder in , and now the two groups are in open armed conflict with each other in. ISIS, or the Islamic State in Iraq and Greater Syria, explained.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a UK-based monitoring group, reported in March that it had documented the deaths of more thanpeople, includingcivilians, since the uprising against President Bashar al-Assad began But it noted that the figure did not include 56, people who were missing and presumed dead.
It estimated a furtherdeaths had not been documented. Who is fighting IS?
In Syria, the air campaign began in September The number of strikes each month rose steadily in Iraq up to a peak in January and then began to fall as the number of strikes in Syria increased dramatically, reaching a high of just over 1, in August Russia is not part of the coalition, but its jets began air strikes against what it called "terrorists" in Syria in September There is little information from official sources about the Russian air strikes.
The Institute for the Study of War said evidence suggested Russian planes targeted deep into opposition-held territory, and helped Syrian government forces to retake control of the city of Aleppo in December However, Russia warned the US coalition that it would treat its aircraft as targets after the US shot down a Syrian military plane during the assault on Raqqa. The incident led to a suspension of communications between the two sides aimed at avoiding clashes in the air. By AugustIS was reported to be operational in 18 countries across the world, including Afghanistan and Pakistan, according to evidence seen by the US National Counterterrorism Center.
It also found signs of what it called "aspiring branches" in Mali, Egypt, Somalia, Bangladesh, Indonesia and the Philippines. InIS claimed to be behind at least two attacks in the UK. The proclamation of the caliphate triggered a surge in the number of foreign fighters travelling to Syria and Iraq to join IS.
ISIS/ISIL News – the latest from Al Jazeera
According to the head of the UK's intelligence service, MI5, more than people have travelled from UK to join the conflict in Iraq and Syria - and of them had died.
How does IS get its funding? Oil was once the biggest single source of revenue for IS. The group seized control of many oil fields in Syria and Iraq, and sold oil on the black market. But revenue has fallen since IS lost control of oil-producing areas in northern Syrian and western Iraq, and US-led coalition and Russian air strikes began targeting oil infrastructure.
Income from taxes and fees has also fallen as IS has lost control of major cities like Mosul and Raqqa.FRONTLINE REPORT: In war with ISIS, ‘It’s sniper fire that’s killing us’
Money obtained by looting and fines initially increased, especially when IS seized Mosul inbut has since declined. At one point, IS was reported to be so short of funds that it was imposing random fines for offences like driving on the wrong side of the road. It says the group's ability to compensate for financial losses by increasing the fiscal burden on the population it controls appears to have reached its limits.
The struggle to stay rich Where are the refugees? Most have ended up in neighbouring Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan. There are also estimated to be 6.
Iraqi Civil War (–) - Wikipedia
Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs Fact Sheet July 23, More information about Syria is available on the Syria Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet. Syria severed diplomatic relations with the United States in in the wake of the Arab-Israeli War. Relations were reestablished in Syria has been on the U.
Because of its continuing policies in supporting terrorism, its former occupation of Lebanon, pursuing weapons of mass destruction and missile programs, and undermining U. Syria is subject to legislatively mandated penalties, including export sanctions under the Syrian Accountability Act and ineligibility to receive most forms of U.
Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)
Following events in Syria beginning in Marchsubsequent Executive orders have been issued in response to the ongoing violence and human rights abuses taking place in Syria. Duringthe United States and Syria cooperated to a degree on some regional issues, but relations worsened from to early In earlythe United States began to review its Syria policy in light of changes in the country and the region, leading to an effort to engage with Syria to find areas of mutual interest, reduce regional tensions, and promote Middle East peace.
In southwest Syria, the United States provides stabilization assistance to bolster the de-escalation arrangement. To-date, this assistance has included: In northeast Syria, the United States is working with our partners in the Global Coalition to Defeat-ISIS to support immediate stabilization and early recovery efforts in areas liberated from ISIS control, including Explosive Remnants of War ERW removal, the restoration of essential services and building local capacity to support longer-term sustainability.
The United States has led stabilization assistance efforts in areas of Syria liberated from ISIS control, but seeks greater contributions from Coalition members and regional partners so that they can assume greater military and financial responsibility for securing the region.