What is the relationship between a calorie and kilocalorie

What is the difference between kJ and kcal (and Calorie) | Philips

The “calorie” you are most familiar with is used to measure the energy content of food. This “calorie” is actually a kilocalorie ( calories) and is written with a. Because Ganot defines the calorie (not capitalized) as a 0–1°C kcal in relation to the heating of water without providing a reference, it seems. In your attempt to count calorie in food, were you ever confused by the units - calories and kilocalories? A 30g serving of cereal gives kcal. So, does this.

An interesting but little known aspect of this situation is that the Calorie predated the joule by more than 60 years, and the original definition was almost exactly the same as presently found on U. One purpose of this article is to explain the priority of the Calorie relative to other energy units, and how it was displaced by the joule and kcal.

A second question that should be addressed is whether there is only one way to do away with the ambiguity imposed by using Calories, g-calories, and kcal in different contexts. This problem has even found its way into U.

What is the relationship between Calories, calories, kilocalorie and kilojoule?

For example, in Title 21, section More than this, the present impasse was created by very convoluted historical events. Pragmatically, the Calorie is found on food labels because W.

Atwater chose the unit to educate the lay public about food energy and also found it practical for compiling tables of food composition. Even though food databases have been updated to express energy as kcal and kJ, food labels have not changed because they are primarily used for education of the lay public, who may only have grade school education.

• How to Count Calorie? 1 Kcal = 1 Calorie?
• Convert Calories to kiloCalories
• How to Count Calorie? 1 Kcal = 1 Calorie?

Therefore, confusion of names for food energy primarily affects nutrition educators in clinical and private practice, rather than scientists who can be expected to understand SI units. Let us examine how the present situation arose.

How to Count Calorie? 1 Kcal = 1 Calorie?

Definitions of energy units Before discussing the history of the energy units that are commonly used in nutrition, it is useful to provide their present definitions: Joule The joule J is the only unit of energy defined in the SI system. It is the work done by a force of 1 newton N moving an object 1 meter in the direction of the force, and has base units of kg m2 s These units can be derived as the work of lifting a mass kg a distance m against gravitational acceleration at sea level 9.

Because the work of lifting 1 kg by 1 m equals 9. Alternatively, it is the work required to move an electric charge of 1 coulomb through an electrical potential difference of 1 volt. It can also be defined as the work done to produce power of 1 watt continuously for 1 second 1 W-s.

Note that these definitions are stated in terms of work but none relates directly to heat or potential energy. Some texts use the thermochemical calorie, 4.

Kilocalorie

When used to express potential energy on food labels, it is defined as 4. All forms of the calorie were deemed obsolete in science after the SI system was adopted in the 's. It is worthwhile to note that the Calorie or kcal has consistently been used to indicate the potential energy in foods or the chemical energy stored in human tissueswhereas the primary use of the joule is as a unit of work or of energy in general.

Atwater choose the Calorie?

You can check whether you're a healthy weight by using our BMI healthy weight calculator. Calories and energy balance Our bodies need energy to keep us alive and our organs functioning normally. When we eat and drink, we put energy into our bodies.

Our bodies use up that energy through everyday movement, which includes everything from breathing to running. To maintain a stable weight, the energy we put into our bodies must be the same as the energy we use by normal bodily functions and physical activity.

An important part of a healthy diet is balancing the energy you put into your bodies with the energy you use. For example, the more physical activity we do the more energy we use. Checking calories in food Knowing the calorie content of food and drink can help ensure you're not consuming too much. This information will appear under the "Energy" heading.

The calorie content is often given in kcals, which is short for "kilocalories", and also in kJ, which is short for "kilojoules". A "kilocalorie" is another word for what is commonly called a "calorie", so 1, calories will be written as 1,kcals. Kilojoules are the metric measurement of calories. To find the energy content in kilojoules, multiply the calorie figure by 4. The label will usually tell you how many calories are contained in grams or millilitres of the food or drink, so you can compare the calorie content of different products.

Many labels will also state the number of calories in "one portion" of the food. But remember that the manufacturer's idea of "one portion" may not be the same as yours, so there could be more calories in the portion you serve yourself. You can use the calorie information to assess how a particular food fits into your daily calorie intake.