Types of intellectual disabilities | House with No Steps
disabilities and intellectual disabilities are related, the terms refer to on couldn't describe the connection between the apple and the pieces. The unique support needs of people with intellectual disabilities. American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD) Manual that refers to people with both cognitive and physical disabilities whose disability (a). Down's syndrome affects people of all ages, races, religious backgrounds and economic situations. Sarah Rutter (Down's Syndrome Association UK) accounting for around % of the intellectually disabled population. There are many physical characteristics associated with the condition, which may lead a parent.
Reduced muscle tone which results in floppiness hypotonia ; A flat facial profile, flat nasal bridge, small nose; Eyes that slant upwards and outwards, often with a fold of skin that runs vertically between the lids at the inner corner of the eye epicanthic fold ; A small mouth which makes the tongue seem slightly large; A big space between the first and second toe sandal gap ; Broad hands with short fingers and a little finger that curves inwards.
The palm may have only one crease across it single palmar crease ; A below average birth weight and length at birth; Many of these features are found in the general population. Therefore a chromosome test karyotype would need to be carried out before a positive diagnosis could be made. This is done by analysing the chromosomes in the blood cells.
Do people with Down's syndrome have medical problems? Certain health problems are more common in people with Down's syndrome than in the rest of the population.
The Difference Between Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
However, with advances and increased access to medical care most of these problems are treatable. None of these problems is unique to people with Down's syndrome - they also occur in the rest of the population. It is also important to remember that some people with Down's syndrome do not experience any health problems.
Advances in treatment and increased access to medical care have also meant that people with Down's syndrome are living much longer. Life expectancy is now put atand many people with Down's syndrome live even longer. How does Down's syndrome affect development? All people with Down's syndrome will have some degree of intellectual disability. Children with Down's syndrome do learn to walk, talk and be toilet trained but in general will meet these developmental milestones later than their non-disabled peers.
There is a wide variation in ability in people with Down's syndrome just as there is in the rest of the population. Early intervention programmes which help in all areas of child development are now widespread.
These programmes can include speech and physical therapy as well as home teaching programmes for the child and the family. Children and adults with Down's syndrome can and do continue to learn throughout their lives just like the rest of the population.
Children with Down's syndrome are only born to older parents. However, the likelihood of having a child with Down's syndrome does increase with the age of the mother. Children with Down's syndrome are always happy. People with Down's syndrome have the same feelings and moods as everyone else.Physical Activity & Intellectual disabilities – Dr. Arlene McGarty
People with Down's syndrome cannot form relationships. People with Down's syndrome are perfectly capable of forming all types of relationships with people they encounter in their lives, be it friendship, love or dislike.
People with Down's syndrome cannot have children. Women with Down's syndrome can and have had children. It has been recorded that two men with Down's syndrome have become fathers.
The information about fertility in people with Down's syndrome is very outdated and based on research in institutions where men and women with intellectual disabilities were kept apart.
All people with Down's syndrome will eventually develop Alzheimer's disease dementia. While developmental disabilities may encompass people with intellectual disabilities, depending on their condition, they are not the same.
Intellectual Disabilities People with intellectual disabilities are known for having below-average cognitive abilities. These people often have an intelligent quotient IQ between or below; significant limitations in the ability to adapt and carry on every day activities like self-care, communicating, and socializing; and show signs of the disability before the age of There are many different causes of intellectual disabilities including physical and genetic factors.
FAQs on Intellectual Disability
Some common syndromes associated with intellectual disabilities include autismDown syndromeand fragile X syndrome. Many intellectual disabilities can be caused by genetic conditions, problems during pregnancy or at time of birth, health problems at an early age, or exposure to environmental toxins like lead.
These disabilities can impact milestones such as speaking, walking, and being able to take care of their personal needs. While many people fear these individuals will not be able to function as adults, that is not true.
A small percentage of people will have serious, lifelong limitations, but with early intervention, appropriate education, and support, adults can lead a satisfying life in the community. Developmental Disabilities People with developmental disabilities have severe chronic disabilities that can be cognitive, physical, or a combination of the two. These disabilities often appear before the age of 22 and are likely life-long conditions.