BBC - History - Robert, Earl of Essex
Robert Devereux was born on 10 November , the son of Walter Devereux, first Essex and Elizabeth had a tempestuous relationship and there were many . The 'Virgin Queen' never married, but one suitor came closer to her than any other. scandalous relationship between Elizabeth I and Robert Dudley Knollys with her first husband Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex. The romantic relationship between Queen Elizabeth and Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, is fascinating to most people largely because of their age difference.
Some days before the execution, Captain Thomas Lee was apprehended as he kept watch on the door to the Queen's chambers. His plan had been to confine her until she signed a warrant for the release of Essex. Lee, who had served in Ireland with the Earl, and who acted as go-between with the Ulster rebels, was tried and put to death the next day.
Essex's conviction for treason meant that the earldom was forfeit, and his son did not inherit the title.
The Essex ring[ edit ] There is a widely repeated romantic legend about a ring given by Elizabeth to Essex. There is a possible reference to the legend by John Webster in his play The Devil's Law Case suggesting that it was known at this time, but the first printed version of it is in the romantic novel The Secret History of the most renowned Queen Elizabeth and the Earl of Essex, by a Person of Quality.
Robert Devereux, 2nd earl of Essex
The version given by David Hume in his History of England says that Elizabeth had given Essex a ring after the expedition to Cadiz that he should send to her if he was in trouble. After his trial he tried to send the ring to Elizabeth via the Countess of Nottinghambut the countess kept the ring as her husband was an enemy of Essex, as a result of which Essex was executed.
On her deathbed the countess is said to have confessed this to Elizabeth, who angrily replied "May God forgive you, Madam, but I never can. Some historians consider this story of the ring to be a myth, partly because there are no contemporaneous accounts of it.
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex
John Lingard in his history of England says the story appears to be a fiction, Lytton Strachey states "Such a narrative is appropriate enough to the place where it was first fully elaborated — a sentimental novelette; but it does not belong to history", and Alison Weir calls it a fabrication. He engaged in literary as well as political feuds with his principal enemies, including Walter Raleigh.
His poem " Muses no more but mazes " attacks Raleigh's influence over the queen. During his disgrace he also wrote several bitter and pessimistic verses.
Elizabeth I and Her Relationship With Robert Devereux
English composer John Dowland set a poem called " Can she excuse my wrongs with virtue's cloak? But she forgave him and accepted him back at court.
Essex was made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland - a post in which he failed dismally. In the Earl of Essex travelled to Ireland with over 17, English troops.
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex - Wikipedia
Many of the English troops died of various diseases and the Earl of Essex agreed an unauthorised truce with O'Neill, the leader of the Irish rebels. Essex came back without leave; and one morning came straight into her dressing chamber, where she was sitting, with her thin grey hair being combed, before she put on one of her thirty wigs, or painted her face.
She was very angry, and would not forgive him, and he got into a rage, too; and she heard he had said she was an old woman, crooked in temper as in person. What was far worse, he raised the Londoners to break out in a tumult to uphold him. His relationship with the Queen thus deteriorated and Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, attempted a political coup. He lead a rebellion against Queen Elizabeth and attempted to seize control of the City of London on February 8th Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex was arrested and convicted of treason.