Atlanta, GA, USA shed light on how human social relationships may shape responses to First, individuals may recognize that another individual obtains . female. Varies. (monogamous and polyandrous); small family Provisioning of young in golden lion tamarins (Callitrichidae, Leontopithecus. Neuroscience, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Atlanta GA .. Other primate taxa, while not as closely related to humans, provide Marmosets and tamarins (family Callitrichidae), while not displaying traditional .. SIV was first isolated in from rhesus macaques that presented with. cognitive aging processes, the many other primate species, with their wide variety Division of Neuroscience, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta .. studies should first be carried out on nonhuman primates. .. Callitrichidae age-related processes in our closest relatives be investigated.
This non-targeted analysis using liquid chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry enables measurement of metabolites in out of metabolic pathways in the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes KEGG database in a single analysis [ 1920 ].
This information-rich metabolic data can be combined with genomic or proteomic changes to provide an integrated perspective of biological phenotypes and improve understanding of the natural biology of organisms as well as the metabolic basis of disease. Tools are becoming available to address the complexities of omics data and the demanding biostatistical and bioinformatics for their interpretation [ 21 ].
Accumulating data with clinical and animal studies show metabolic alterations associated with multiple diseases of potential interest concerning primate biology, such as infectious diseases [ 22 — 24 ], diabetes [ 25 ], eye diseases [ 26 ], cardiovascular disease [ 27 ] and environmental toxicities [ 28 ].
In the comparative study of mammalian species, we found that even though humans have relatively uncontrolled environments compared to animals in research facilities, a similar number and diversity of chemicals was found in plasma. In an effort to identify plasma metabolites that could be useful for comparative biochemistry and toxicology research, we applied probability-based modularity clustering to identify metabolites with similar inter-species and intraspecies variation.
Results showed that metabolite patterns were most similar within species and separated primates from other mammalian orders and families. Importantly, these characteristics suggest that quantitative differences in metabolite concentrations between species could provide useful information about nutrition and metabolism as determinants of primate evolution.
In the present study, we used a targeted metabolomics approach to test whether 55 plasma metabolites, including both nutritionally essential AA and non-essential metabolites and catabolic products, differ in concentration between common marmosets and humans.
These were selected to include common clinical measures of disease glucose, creatinine, urea, bilirubinwater-soluble vitamins riboflavin, thiamin, niacin, niacinamide, pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal, pantothenic acid and biotinamino acids and related metabolites, lipid-related metabolites choline, betaine, dimethylglycine, carnitine, acetylcarnitine, sphingosine, sphinganinenucleotide metabolites hypoxanthine uric acid, allantoin and environmental chemicals flame retardant, triethylphosphate; an insecticide, pirimicarb; a plasticizer, dibutylphthalate.
Callitrichidae - marmosets, tamarins
A multivariate analysis of covariance MANCOVA was further used to determine whether abundance of metabolites was affected by age, sex, body mass. The analytic methods with liquid chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry are similar to non-targeted metabolomics but have an advantage in supporting absolute quantification rather than relative quantification [ 1920 ].
In principle, the quantitative methods tested here can be extended to measure metabolites in out of metabolic pathways in the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes KEGG database [ 21 ] and thereby provide functional measures to complement genomic studies. For the study, plasma from 50 captive marmosets was collected during routine health examination, and plasma metabolomics results were compared to plasma values for 80 humans [ 29 ]. No animals were sacrificed as a result of the present study.
This study contains original research on plasma metabolomics of common marmosets. The animals had water ad libitum in polycarbonate water bottles. Animals were pair housed [standard cage, 5.
In very rare instances, colony animals may have been temporarily housed singly for clinical reasons or while a suitable cage mate was identified. In addition to social housing, environmental enrichment consisted of cage fixtures for perching and hiding, nesting boxes, manipulanda, foraging opportunities, classical music and other veterinary approved auditory stimuli, positive human interaction, and others.
Blood samples were collected during a quarterly physical examination; animals were sedated with 0. Supernatants of samples were analyzed in triplicate by LC-MS [ 2033 ]. Human Metabolite Concentration Data The data of human metabolites were obtained using the same methods as described for marmosets. Data for the present study were derived from EDTA plasma samples from 80 healthy humans analyzed as part of an ongoing healthy aging study A.
The study included individuals between 30 and 90 y, with even distribution of sex, and included individuals of different races and ethnicities present in the Atlanta area.
All individuals were extensively screened to assure good health in terms of the absence of disease markers and absence of therapeutic drug use. Because the samples were de-identified and analysis was randomized and blinded, no additional details are available.
Woodland Park Zoo Intended Audience: Yes The golden-headed lion tamarin is found in coastal Atlantic forests the state of Bahia in south-eastern Brazil. Yes The golden-headed lion tamarin spends almost all its time in trees. Yes The golden-headed lion tamarin has black fur over its entire body except for on its head and mane, where the fur is a light to deep golden color. No The golden-headed lion tamarin is a small, squirrel-sized monkey. Yes The golden-mantle saddleback tamarin is found in Ecuador and Peru.
Yes The golden-mantle saddleback tamarin has an orange body, a black head with a white face, a patch of cream on its back, and a black tail with an orange underside. Yes The golden lion tamarin is found in southeastern Brazil in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Yes The golden lion tamarin has long reddish-orange fur with a lion-like mane around its head.
Callitrichidae - marmosets, tamarins | Wildlife Journal Junior
No Golden lion tamarins are inches in length and have a inch-long tail. Zoo Atlanta Intended Audience: Yes Golden lion tamarins usually give birth to twins.
Yes Golden lion tamarins eat fruits, insects, and small lizards.
National Zoo Intended Audience: Yes Male and female golden lion tamarins look alike. Brookfield Zoo Intended Audience: Elementary School Teacher Section: Philadelphia Zoo Intended Audience: Yes Baby golden lion tamarins cling to the mother for the first week or so, and then they cling to their father, except for when they are nursing.
Yes Most of the golden lion tamarin's calls are soft and faint calls, probably so they don't attract the attention of predators like eagles and hawks!Primate Traits for Classification
Honolulu Zoo Intended Audience: Yes Golden lion tamarins spend almost all of their time in trees. National Geographic Intended Audience: No There are fewer than 1, golden lion tamarins in the wild.
Metabolic Characterization of the Common Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)
Rainforest Alliance Intended Audience: No Golden lion tamarins are sometimes calls GLTs for short. National Geographic Kids Intended Audience: No Print out and color a golden lion tamarin. Enchanted Learning Intended Audience: Yes The golden-rumped lion tamarin is also known as the black lion tamarin. Yes The golden-white tassel-ear marmoset is found in north central Brazil.
It was first identified in No The mottled-face tamarin is found in Brazil and Colombia. Yes Pygmy marmosets live in small family groups. Yes A big part of the pygmy marmoset's diet is made up of tree sap. San Diego Zoo Intended Audience: Yes Pygmy marmosets are most active in the day.