Leon Trotsky - Wikipedia
A detailed account of the struggle that took place between Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky that Of the eight children born of this marriage, four survived. Leon Trotsky was very close to his younger sister, Olga Kamenev: "We usually sat in. A detailed biography of Leon Trotsky (Lev Davidovich Bronshtein) that includes The Kronstadt Uprising; Joseph Stalin: General Secretary; Leon Trotsky and Joseph Leon Trotsky was very close to his younger sister, Olga Kamenev: "We . but in its relation to what may be regarded as the basic principle of democracy" . Trotsky was one of the leading candidates to succeed Lenin as the leader of but young Lev embraced revolutionary ideas from an early age.
He worked between and trying to reconcile different groups within the party, which resulted in many clashes with Lenin and other prominent party members. Trotsky later maintained that he had been wrong in opposing Lenin on the issue of the party.
During these years, Trotsky began developing his theory of permanent revolutionand developed a close working relationship with Alexander Parvus in — This single strike grew into a general strike and by 7 Januarythere werestrikers in Saint Petersburg.
The Palace Guard fired on the peaceful demonstration, resulting in the deaths of some 1, demonstrators. Sunday, 9 Januarybecame known as Bloody Sunday.
There he worked with both Bolsheviks, such as Central Committee member Leonid Krasinand the local Menshevik committee, which he pushed in a more radical direction. The latter, however, were betrayed by a secret police agent in May, and Trotsky had to flee to rural Finland.
There he worked on fleshing out his theory of permanent revolution. By the evening of 24 September, the workers at 50 other printing shops in Moscow were also on strike. On 2 Octoberthe typesetters in printing shops in Saint Petersburg decided to strike in support of the Moscow strikers.
On 7 Octoberthe railway workers of the Moscow—Kazan Railway went out on strike. Trotsky also co-founded, together with Parvus and Julius Martov and other Mensheviks, Nachalo "The Beginning"which also proved to be a very successful newspaper in the revolutionary atmosphere of Saint Petersburg in Khrustalyev-Nosar had been a compromise figure when elected as the head of the Saint Petersburg Soviet. Khrustalev-Nosar was a lawyer that stood above the political factions contained in the Soviet.
Khrustalev-Nosar became famous in his position as spokesman for the Saint Petersburg Soviet. He did much of the actual work at the Soviet and, after Khrustalev-Nosar's arrest on 26 Novemberwas elected its chairman.Alternate History: What If Trotsky Replaced Stalin?
On 2 December, the Soviet issued a proclamation which included the following statement about the Tsarist government and its foreign debts: We have therefore decided not to allow the repayment of such loans as have been made by the Tsarist government when openly engaged in a war with the entire people.
The following day, the Soviet was surrounded by troops loyal to the government and the deputies were arrested.
On 4 October he was convicted and sentenced to internal exile to Siberia. In October, he moved to ViennaAustria-Hungary. For the next seven years, he often took part in the activities of the Austrian Social Democratic Party and, occasionally, of the German Social Democratic Party. It was smuggled into Russia. Both the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks split multiple times after the failure of the — revolution. Money was very scarce for publication of Pravda.
Trotsky approached the Russian Central Committee to seek financial backing for the newspaper throughout Lenin agreed to the financing of Pravda, but required a Bolshevik be appointed as co-editor of the paper.
Lev KamenevTrotsky's brother-in-law, was added to the editorial board from the Bolsheviks, but the unification attempts failed in August Kamenev resigned from the board amid mutual recriminations.
Trotsky continued publishing Pravda for another two years until it finally folded in April Trotsky was so upset by what he saw as a usurpation of his newspaper's name that in April he wrote a letter to Nikolay Chkheidzea Menshevik leader, bitterly denouncing Lenin and the Bolsheviks.
Though he quickly got over the disagreement, the letter was intercepted by the Russian police, and a copy was put into their archives. Shortly after Lenin's death inthe letter was found and publicized by Trotsky's opponents within the Communist Party to portray him as Lenin's enemy.
The most serious disagreement that Trotsky and the Mensheviks had with Lenin at the time was over the issue of "expropriations",  i.
These actions had been banned by the 5th Congress, but were continued by the Bolsheviks. In Januarythe majority of the Bolshevik faction, led by Lenin, as well as a few defecting Mensheviks, held a conference in Prague and decided to break away from the Russian Social Democratic Labour Partyand formed a new party, the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party Bolsheviks. In response, Trotsky organized a "unification" conference of social democratic factions in Vienna in August a.
The attempt was generally unsuccessful. In SeptemberKievskaya Mysl sent him to the Balkans as its war correspondent, where he covered the two Balkan Wars for the next year and became a close friend of Christian Rakovsky. Within the RSDLP, Lenin, Trotsky and Martov advocated various internationalist anti-war positions, while Plekhanov and other social democrats both Bolsheviks and Mensheviks supported the Russian government to some extent.
In SwitzerlandTrotsky briefly worked within the Swiss Socialist Partyprompting it to adopt an internationalist resolution. He wrote a book opposing the war, The War and the International,  and the pro-war position taken by the European social democratic parties, primarily the German party. According to his own estimates, the train traveled more than 65, miles during the war.
My grandfather the revolutionary
Trotsky's greatest strength was his skill as a speaker. He combined intelligence with ruthlessness "Trotsky was an intellectual in the truest sense of the word," wrote artist Yury Annenkov. He recalled that Trotsky, in contrast to many other Bolshevik leaders, was educated, polite and happy to talk about art.
Trotsky's intelligence did not make him a gentler person, however. Like other Bolsheviks, he supported the concept of the "Red Terror" — the destruction of all the enemies of the revolution. But after Lenin fell ill and died inhis influence began to wane.
BBC - History - Historic Figures: Leon Trotsky ( - )
Joseph Stalin, who held a more modest position in the party in the first years after the revolution, seized the initiative and was able to convince other party members to join his side. Trotsky contemptuously called Stalin "the most outstanding mediocrity of our party," but this "mediocrity" managed to quietly win over the majority of rank-and-file Bolsheviks, which brought him the victory in intra-party disputes.
He died a gruesome death In the late s, Trotsky lost position after position in the party. He was accused of "petty-bourgeois deviation," and his supporters were pushed from power. Inhe was deported from the Soviet Union. Stalinist propaganda transformed him into a nefarious figure intent on bringing down the revolution. Getty Images He lived first in Turkey, then in France and then in Norway before being denied asylum and deported to Mexico in Throughout the years of exile, Trotsky harshly criticized Stalin for betraying Marxism.
In his words, "the leaden rump of the bureaucracy outweighed the head of the revolution. Trotsky was buried on the property. A modest obelisk with a hammer and sickle adorns the grave of the once-powerful leader of the revolution. Subscribe to get the hand picked best stories every week All rights reserved by Rossiyskaya Gazeta.