Moldova–Russia relations - Wikipedia
The conflict in Transdniestria was different. It did not have a prehistory of Moldovan-Russian interethnic relations. The Soviet regime's efforts to. CHISINAU, January 4. /TASS/. The Russian-Moldovan relations need to be reset at all levels, Moldovan President Igor Dodon said in an. EXCLUSIVE / In a wide-ranging interview, the minister of foreign affairs and European integration of Moldova, Tudor Ulianovschi, talks about.
West The domestic environment in Moldova reveals a constant confrontation between the European pattern of development and the nostalgia of the past Soviet regime, which considerably slows down the transition to genuine democratic statehood.
East — West controversy is generated by both internal and external factors, due to strong historical, economic and political reasons, as well as various stakeholders pursuing geopolitical and geostrategic interests. The foreign policy trends in Moldova are associated mostly with watershed political events, external pressure or major domestic dissatisfaction with the foreign policy trajectory of the country.
Foreign Minister: Moldova wants normal economic relations with Russia – omarcafini.info
As early asthe communist leader Vladimir Voronin, at that time President of the Republic of Moldova, turned to the West, committing Moldova to democratic reforms and partnership with the Euro-Atlantic community. Nevertheless, the European foreign policy vector was reflected more at the level of political statements rather than authentic reform process.
Late was the time when Moldova came closest to national consensus regarding European integration. After almost a decade of nominal European integration efforts and reforms that are mostly carried out in name only, public support for EU integration has plummeted to about half of what it was in It is all the more surprising to see the ruling Democratic Party suggest an amendment to the Moldovan Constitution that would enshrine the EU integration vector as the only legitimate foreign policy course.
After having contributed to the discredit of the EU image in Moldova, the ruling party is now attempting to save face by forcing EU integration into the supreme law, despite lack of public support. It is highly ironic as this goes against EU norms and values, which emphasize representative democracy.
But the rationale behind this political move is aimed at capitalizing on the main cleavage that defines Moldovan political competition — the dichotomy between the Eastern vector and the Western one. After winning the presidential race, Igor Dodon, former leader of the Party of Socialists, has stayed true to his campaign promise of building better relations with Russia, denouncing the Association Agreement with the EU and joining the Eurasian Union instead.
Since the benefits of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas between Moldova and the EU are only beginning to bear fruit and many of the adjustment costs have been already incurred, it would not make any economic sense to reverse the policy.
Yet, it is the political cost that is most important. Turning away from EU integration is likely to galvanize the pro-western part of the electorate much the way it did in April or even more recently during the Maidan in neighbouring Ukraine. More realistically, Dodon may stall the EU integration process to a halt without necessarily taking any meaningful action towards joining the Eurasian Union, since it could jeopardize his power.
Geopolitical tug of war between key state institutions is a major vulnerability, which undermines the morale and defence capabilities of the national army and the overall policy-making process in the country.
Russia threatens Moldova over its EU relations – omarcafini.info
Initially, military neutrality was introduced into the Constitution to delegitimize the presence of Russian troops in Transnistria. Surprisingly, the worsening regional security situation following the annexation of Crimea and the conflict in Donbas changed nothing. I think that looking at the Republic of Moldova from the perspective of the division of the spheres of influence is a wrong approach, it is not a constructive approach.
The best approach is to speak from the perspective of the Republic of Moldova and its sovereignty. The sovereignty of the Republic of Moldova or any country whatsoever relies on the fact that a country decides for itself where it wants to be.Putin: Russia is looking forward to cooperate with new Moldovan president Dodon
I was also at the Munich security conference, accompanying the prime minister Pavel Filip, who has stated very clearly, that the Republic of Moldova has good relations with the West and also good relations with the East, and with the Russian Federation. When I speak to Russian diplomats, they say that, unlike others, Moldova has not adopted sanctions against Russia in the same way as countries in the EU orbit have.
Are you under pressure from Mogherini or from other representatives of the European Union to introduce sanctions? No, we cannot speak of any pressure from the European partners and from Madame Mogherini at all, to impose any sanctions in relation to the Russian Federation.
On the contrary, unfortunately, the Russian Federation was imposing certain trade barriers to imports of Moldovan products. In our opinion, the fact that we are facing the vast majority of Moldovan products not being allowed to enter the Russian Federation markets, especially the Moldovan wine and other agricultural products, is a violation of the bilateral agreement between the Republic of Moldova and the Russian Federation on the free trade.
So, I would say on the contrary, the Republic of Moldova would like to have normal economic relations with the Russian Federation but we are yet to see a more open policy from Moscow. Is this the main problem? I mean, when I look at the type of relations Moldova has with the EU, what triggers this Russian attitude?
Unfortunately, we see a historical consecutivity on the imposing by the Russian Federation of barriers to trade for Moldovan products, and this was first seen when the action plan between the Republic of Moldova and the EU was adopted in and at that time it was a huge blow to the Moldovan economy, to the Moldovan exports, because at that time we were exporting a lot of our goods to the Russian Federation, and after this EU-Moldova action plan was signed, we have seen an embargo from the Russian Federation.
Well, at that time it was a good lesson for us to diversify our export direction… Have you been successful? Well, I can give you some numbers now. So from this perspective, I think that the Republic of Moldova has even greater potential to increase their exports to the EU market but also we would like to have normal trade relations with the Russian Federation.
Foreign Minister: Moldova wants normal economic relations with Russia
The Ministers yesterday adopted a text which is calling on your country to be more decisive in the fight against corruption. I am thinking about this extraordinary case where one billion euros or dollars disappeared from a bank. Can you update us? Indeed, the finalisation of the investigation of the banking fraud that occurred in the Republic of Moldova is a priority for the government and for the law enforcement agencies.
At the same time, the Kroll company has been hired to assist us in investigating the banking fraud. The summary of their second Kroll report has been made public. In the month of March, we will have a visit to the Republic of Moldova from the experts from the Kroll company and we will have a discussion with this company in order to have the full picture and to have the details from the investigation.
So the Republic of Moldova together with international partners, but also with certain EU member states can have a relationship that will help us to have the full picture on the one hand, and to finalise the process of the recovery of the assets lost. With regards to the fight against corruption, I would like to inform you of a positive development in the sense that a new national integrity authority was set up in the Republic of Moldova.
It now has a director and a deputy director. When I interviewed your prime minister Pavel Filip a few months ago, he was quite optimistic about the Transnistria conflict. Can you update us on this?
Indeed, the end of was an optimistic one, mainly because in the context of the Austrian [OSCE] chairmanship there were reached 5 decisions, 5 protocols, with relationship to the confidence-building measures promoted between Chisinau and Tiraspol. This year in we have already had two good progresses in relation to the Latin-based script schools in the Transnistria region in the Republic of Moldova, the activity of the Gura Bicului bridge, which now needs to have a better infrastructure.
Russia threatens Moldova over its EU relations
There are ongoing discussions with relationship to setting up telecommunications, but also with relationship to car license plates for vehicles from the Transnistrian region of the Republic of Moldova. There is a political will in Chisinau to move forward with these discussions, with these confidence-building measures.
There is a, in my opinion, a good dialogue with the representatives from Tiraspol.