Indigenous-French Relations | The Canadian Encyclopedia
Native American culture valued trade as a means of binding two tribes and the Spanish and French settlers before them and began to demonize the natives in. This lesson examines the relationship between the French and the Native American tribes in the U.S. during the Fur Trade years and beyond. We'll. The French enjoyed much better relations with Native Americans than other European groups when they first came to American shores. Here are the reasons .
Father Jacques Marquette with Indians. Frontenac with the Indians.
European/Native Relations: the French | History Resources at Mott Community College
France had a long presence in Northern America, starting with the establishment of New France in Acculturation and conversion were promoted, especially through the activities of the Jesuit missions in North America. Indians, converted to Catholicism, were considered as "natural Frenchmen" by the Ordonnance of The descendants of the French who are accustomed to this country [New France], together with all the Indians who will be brought to the knowledge of the faith and will profess it, shall be deemed and renowned natural Frenchmen, and as such may come to live in France when they want, and acquire, donate, and succeed and accept donations and legacies, just as true French subjects, without being required to take no letters of declaration of naturalization.
As often as possible, Native Americans took advantage of rivalries among European powers to maintain or enhance their own political and economic positions. The Iroquois quickly signed an alliance and trade treaty with the English.
However, they also maintained friendly relations with the French and welcomed Jesuit missionaries into their midst. The Iroquois were generally successful at playing the French and English off one another until the English drove the French out of North America at the end of the French and Indian War For more information Axtell, James.
The Cultural Origins of North America.
Oxford University Press, University of North Carolina Press, Cambridge University Press, Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America. Harvard University Press, Invasions of North America.
The French and Native American Relations | Ancestral Findings
The first Frenchman known to have definitely arrived in Wisconsin was Jean Nicolet, who landed near Green Bay in to make peace between the Huron and "the People by the sea," most likely the Siouan-speaking Ho-chunk. He may have hoped to find the fabled Northwest Passage to Asia.
He may even have thought he succeeded, for he wore a robe of Chinese silk and fired pistols upon landing. Nicolet soon found that he was not in Asia and settled for concluding a peace between the Huron, Ho-chunk, and Algonkian-speaking Menominee.
There would not be another visit to Wisconsin by the French until when two fur traders, most likely Medart Chouart Sieur Des Groseilliers and his brother-in-law, Pierre-Esprit Radisson, came to trade European goods for furs. The two men subsequently made many other trips, and after other Frenchmen came to Wisconsin to trade with the Indians for furs, particularly beaver pelts.
Tribal Movement Westward In the twenty years between the visits of Nicolet and Groseilliers and Radisson, the human landscape of Wisconsin changed dramatically. Beginning in the s, the League of the Iroquois in upstate New York and other Iroquoian-speaking Indians began to raid and attack the Huron and other tribes to gain access to their rich fur-bearing lands. Many refugee tribes have continued to reside in Wisconsin until the present day.
This was a difficult time for all the Indians of Wisconsin, particularly the Ho-chunk and Menominee who had resided in the region prior to the onrush of refugees. Both nations lost many tribal members to introduced European diseases the refugees brought with them and to warfare with the new peoples.
Throughout Wisconsin, many Indians died of starvation due to resulting overcrowding. These poor conditions were noted by French fur traders who came to Wisconsin and by Roman Catholic missionaries who first arrived at Chequamegon Bay in and established the mission of St.