State (polity) - Wikipedia
Define relation. relation synonyms, relation pronunciation, relation 1. the state or condition of being related or the manner in which things are related. For full treatment, see Christianity: Church and state. The relationship of Christians and Christian institutions to forms of the political order has shown an. Definition of relationship - the way in which two or more people or things are connected, or the state of being connected.
Finland[ edit ] The Constitution of Finland declares that the organization and administration of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland is regulated in the Church Act, and the organization and administration of the Finnish Orthodox Church in the Orthodox Church Act.
The Lutheran Church and the Orthodox Church thus have a special status in Finnish legislation compared to other religious bodies, and are variously referred to as either "national churches" or "state churches", although officially they do not hold such positions.
Such inscriptions on a church are very rare; this one was restored during the bicentennial of the French Revolution. It was formalized in a law providing for the separation of church and state, that is, the separation of religion from political power.
Church and state
This model of a secularist state protects the religious institutions from state interference, but with public religious expression to some extent frowned upon. This aims to protect the public power from the influences of religious institutions, especially in public office. Religious views which contain no idea of public responsibility, or which consider religious opinion irrelevant to politics, are not impinged upon by this type of secularization of public discourse.
Moreover, the Catholic bishops of Metz and of Strasbourg are named or rather, formally appointed by the French Head of State on proposition of the Pope. In the same way, the presidents of the two official Protestant churches are appointed by the State, after proposition by their respective Churches. This makes the French President the only temporal power in the world to formally have retained the right to appoint Catholic bishops, all other Catholic bishops being appointed by the Pope.
In French Guyana the Royal Regulation of makes the French state pay for the Roman Catholic clergy, but not for the clergy of other religions. Moreover, French heads of states are traditionally offered an honorary title of Canon of the Papal Archbasilica of St. John LateranCathedral of Rome. Governments change, but states endure. A state is the means of rule over a defined or "sovereign" territory.
It is comprised of an executive, a bureaucracy, courts and other institutions. But, above all, a state levies taxes and operates a military and police force. States distribute and re-distribute resources and wealth, so lobbyists, politicians and revolutionaries seek in their own way to influence or even to get hold of the levers of state power.
Church and state | omarcafini.info
States exist in a variety of sizes, ranging from enormous China to tiny Andorra. Some claim a long lineage, while others are of modern construction.
A period of political manipulation of the church hierarchy and a general decline in clerical zeal and piety brought vigorous action from a line of reforming popes, the most famous of whom was Gregory VII. The following centuries were marked by a dramatic struggle of emperors and kings with the popes.
During the 12th and 13th centuries, papal power greatly increased. In the 13th century, however, the greatest scholar of the age, St. Thomas Aquinasborrowing from Aristotle, aided in raising the dignity of the civil power by declaring the state a perfect society the other perfect society was the church and a necessary good.
The medieval struggle between secular and religious power came to a climax in the 14th century with the rise of nationalism and the increased prominence of lawyers, both royalist and canon. Numerous theorists contributed to the atmosphere of controversy, and the papacy finally met with disaster, first in the removal of the popes to Avignon under French influence and second with the Great Schism attendant upon an effort to bring the popes back to Rome.
Church discipline was relaxed, and church prestige fell in all parts of Europe.
The immediate effect of the Reformation was to diminish the power of the church even further. Christianity in its fractured condition could offer no effective opposition to strong rulers, who now claimed divine right for their positions as head of church and state.
Many Lutheran churches became, in effect, arms of the state. In the 17th century there were few who believed that diversity of religious belief and a church unconnected with the civil power were possible in a unified state.